Search Strategies


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details the core philosophy for conducting effective information searches

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Search Strategies

  1. 1. Search Strategies
  2. 2. <ul><li>Understand the relationship between reference interview technique and search strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and explain the search strategy appropriate to a given question. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify basic strategies for starting any search. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce the Central Library’s public service departments and identify their unique resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce Core Reference Collection. </li></ul>Training Objectives
  3. 3. You don’t have to know everything … You just have to know how to find it. Search Strategies
  4. 4. Search = Question + Information Resources <ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters </li></ul><ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters </li></ul>The Search
  5. 5. The Question <ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters </li></ul><ul><li>Request for a specific item or single fact </li></ul><ul><li>Request for information about a subject </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>How accurately the customer communicates the question </li></ul><ul><li>How accurately you interpret the question </li></ul>The Question <ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>When is the info needed? </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>School assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul><ul><li>Subject interrelationships </li></ul><ul><li>Time Frame </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical boundaries </li></ul>The Question <ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters </li></ul>
  8. 8. Search = Question + Information Resources <ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters </li></ul><ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters </li></ul>The Search
  9. 9. <ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters </li></ul><ul><li>Single tool </li></ul><ul><li>Collection (within a collection) </li></ul><ul><li>Network </li></ul>Information Resources
  10. 10. <ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters </li></ul><ul><li>How it should be approached </li></ul><ul><li>Its points of access </li></ul><ul><li>The form the entries should take </li></ul>Information Resources
  11. 11. Information Resources <ul><li>Direct resource Produces the actual information </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect resource Refers searcher somewhere else </li></ul><ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Search Process <ul><li>Verify the question </li></ul><ul><li>Categorize the question </li></ul><ul><li>Identify type of search </li></ul><ul><li>Identify resources useful to search </li></ul><ul><li>Translate question </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct the search </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver the information </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Search Process Verify the question
  14. 14. The Search Process Categorize the question
  15. 15. The Search Process Identify the type of search
  16. 16. The Search Process Identify resources useful for the search
  17. 17. The Search Process Translate question into the language of the selected source
  18. 18. Everything should be made as simple as possible. Albert Einstein
  19. 19. The Search Process Conduct the search
  20. 20. The Search Process Deliver the information
  21. 21. The Search Process If the question is not answered. . . <ul><li>Have I misunderstood the question? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I need to rethink my strategy? </li></ul><ul><li>Did I follow through on each decision? </li></ul><ul><li>Should I have tried alternative approaches? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this question more appropriately answered by another agency? </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Search Process Remember… <ul><li>NEVER try to persuade a dissatisfied customer that the information is acceptable </li></ul><ul><li>Never say we are unable to answer a question without first consulting other staff </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Search Process Summary… <ul><li>The more you perform searches and use the resources. . . </li></ul><ul><li>You will learn about the collection </li></ul><ul><li>You will develop short cuts </li></ul><ul><li>You will learn which sources work best for you and go right to them </li></ul>