SIMPLE CONTINUOUS PERFECT PERFECT CONTINUOUSPRESENT I study English I am studying I have studied I have been everyday. English now. English in studying several English for 5 different years. countries.PAST Two years ago, I was studying I had studied a I had been I studied English when little English studying English in you called before I moved English for 5 England. yesterday. to London. years before I moved to London.FUTURE I am going to I will be I will have I will have been study English studying studied every studying next year English when tense by the English for over you arrive time I finish this two hours by tonight. course. the time you arrive.
Info or fact which is true Info which is true at the A repeated or habitualall the time. time of speaking actionDungun is in Terengganu. I have ten ringgit in my Haniza walks to theThe earth is round. purse. campus everyday. I am here! I play tennis every week.
Act that not only A series of Act which started Habit in the paststarted but also completed and stopped withended at a specific actions. a specific duration.time in the past.I ate the apples Lyna finished work, Sara lived in Kamal played theyesterday. walked to the Zimbabwe for 5 violin when he wasI watched a Tamil beach, and found a years. a child.movie last night. nice place to swim. Shaouki studied Joyah studied Japanese for 8 French when she years. was 8 years old.
When clauses When Dolah paid RM1, Dolly talked. Dolly talked, when Dollah paid her RM1 Dollah paid her RM1, when she talked. When Dolly talked, Dollah paid her RM1. Adverb comes before the verb. Formation of simple present and past tense SUBJECT + VERB
Action or situation that will occur in the future (any time after the moment ofspeaking.)I will help him laterI am going to help himThe french restaurant opens at 7 p.m tomorrow.Timah is visiting him tomorrow.
to express a to express a to express a plan Express predictionvoluntary action promiseA: I am hungry I will call you when I Amira is going to Datuk Roslan willB: I’ll make you arrive. spend her vacation be the next Primesome lasagna. in Langkawi. Minister of Singapore. FORMATION OF SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE - SUBJECT + WILL + VERB (root/base word) - SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + GOING TO + VERB (root/base word)
Action which is Action which is Near future Repetition andhappening at the happening over a irritation withmoment of period of time “always”speakingYou are learning. Lina is studying to Ariff is meeting He is constantlyI am teaching. become a doctor. some friends after talking. I wish heSomebody is Are you working on class. would shut up.yawning. any special projectsEverybody is at work?listening.
Act. that was in 2 acts that were in 2 actions happened Repetition andprogress at a progress at the where the 2nd irritation withparticular time in same time in the actions interrupts “always”the past past the 1stThe workers were I was studying while Della was watching Sheila was alwaysbusy painting the Amir was praying. CSI when Annie coming late to class.baby’s room from Ghani was drinking arrived.May to August. and Gayah was talking.
Act which will be in 2 actions that will be 2 actions happeningprogress on specific time happening at the same where the 2nd actions time (parallel) interrupts the 1st- At 11pm, Kamisah will be -Afifah will be singing and -Firdaus will be reading asleeping. Aariq will be dancing at book when Amirul arrives.- Tomorrow at 6p.m, the concert. - _____ is going to beHarun is going to be -Aisyirah is going to be _____ when _____ _____.buying food with his cooking while Nafis isgirlfriend. going to be washing the car.
SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + (VERB+ING) SUBJECT + WILL BE + (VERB+ING) SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + GOING TO BE + (VERB+ING)
Act that happens at Act that happen duration Act that happened in theunspecified time before from past until now past but the timenow expressions used do not show specific time.I have seen that movie I have had cold for two It has been so hot recently.twenty times. weeks.Ever, never, once, many since= specific time Recently, latelytimes, several times, before, For=durationso far, already, yet
Two actions in the past; Duration before something in the past1st action = Past Perfect Tense is used2nd action = Simple Past Tense is usedI had worked in Mekdi before I worked in We had had that car for ten years beforeKeyepsi. it broke down.I had never seen such a beautiful beach By the time Aiman finished his studies, hebefore I went to Kulai. had been in London for over eight years.
Action that will occur Action that will happen Action that will continuebefore another action in before a specific time in up for certain durationthe future. the future. until another action in the futureNabil will have perfected Before next December, I Khalida will have been inhis English by the time will have received my Papua New Guinea for sixFahrin arrives. present. years by the time I leave. By Monday, Susan is going to have had my book for a week!
SUBJECT + HAS/HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT + HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT + WILL HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT + [AM/IS/ARE] + GOING TO HAVE+ PAST PARTICIPLE