Pinhole Camera• AKA Camera Obsucra• First pinhole camera was invented around 1000AD by Alhazen.• Images appear upside down• The first successful photography was by Joseph Nicephore Niepce in 1826
Daguerrotype • Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre used Niepce’s success to form the Daguerrotype in 1839. • Used copper sheet coated in silver to create a black and white image. • Very detailed and sharp images. • One of a kind images.
Negatives• William Henry Fox Talbot created the first negative.• Sensitized paper with a silver salt solution.• Perfected the process and called it a calotype.
Tintypes • 1856 • Hamilton Smith• Yielded a positive image
Wet Plate Negatives• 1851• Frederick Scoff Archer• Used a viscous solution of collodion• Had to be developed in the field
Dry Plate Negatives • 1879 • Glass plate with dried gelatin emulsion. • Could be stored • Absorbed light quickly
Flexible Roll Film• 1889-George Eastman• Emulsions coated a cellulose nitrate film base• Made mass produced box cameras possible
Color Photographs • Early 1940’s • Modern Technology
Photographic Films• 35-mm• Medium-format – 6cm wide• T-grain – Finer grain pattern – Great detail and resolution
Film Speed (ISO) • International Standards Organization • Number on film which determines the amount of light needed to expose the film
Digital Camera • Canon introduced first digital camera in 1984 • 1987 Kodak released several products • Through much marketing with various companies, digital cameras have become what they are today.