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How librarians can engage citizens to use open access contents and open data as source for fact-checking - Paola Coppola, Damiano Orru 2019

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Conference on Learning Information Literacy across the Globe
https://informationliteracy.eu/conference/
10.5.2019 Frankfurt am Main
#LILG_2019 #biblioVerifica #crowdSearcher #iloOER

The slides describes the BiblioVerifica blog, which is an attempt by librarians to fight misinformation by using media and data literacy, engaging citizens as awareness users of the social networks, chats and blogs.
Biblioverifica aims to be a public engagement project based on information literacy practices, implementing tips and tricks about search tools, reliable sources, verification strategies. This non-profit initiative promotes fact-checking based on open resources as data, journals, tools, etc.
contact
https://economia.uniroma2.it/biblioteca/lilg_2019/

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How librarians can engage citizens to use open access contents and open data as source for fact-checking - Paola Coppola, Damiano Orru 2019

  1. 1. How librarians can engage citizens to use open access contents and open data as a source for fact-checking Paola Coppola - Damiano Orrù, Frankfurt am Main, May 10th, 2019
  2. 2. The application context of fake news reachs not only news but the whole information ecosystem Fake news takes us back to the initial question What does it mean to be literate in the 21st century?
  3. 3. https://www.edelman.com/sites/g/files/aatuss191/files/2019-02/2019_Edelman_Trust_Barometer_Global_Report.pdf
  4. 4. https://www.edelman.com/sites/g/files/aatuss191/files/2019-02/2019_Edelman_Trust_Barometer_Global_Report.pdf ...but Trust in social media is decreasing
  5. 5. Foster a basis of trusting relationship
  6. 6. …Modify the approach to information environment MIL focuses on different and intersecting competencies to transform people’s interaction with information and learning environments online and offline. MIL includes competencies to search, critically evaluate, use and contribute information and media content wisely; knowledge of how to manage one’s rights online; understanding how to combat online hate speech and cyberbullying; understanding of the ethical issues surrounding the access and use of information; and engagement with media and ICTs to promote equality, free expression and tolerance, intercultural/interreligious dialogue, peace, etc. MIL is a nexus of human rights of which literacy is a primary right. https://en.unesco.org/news/media-and-information-literacy-critical-approach-literacy-digital-world “ ”
  7. 7. Media literacy: our capacity to access, have a critical understanding of, and interact with the media has never been as important as in today's society. It enables citizens of all ages to navigate the modern news environment and take informed decisions. Media literacy is also a tool empowering citizens as well as raising their awareness and helping counter the effects of disinformation campaigns and fake news spreading through digital media. EU account on #disinformation and #medialiteracy “ ” https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/media-literacy
  8. 8. Change begins at home!
  9. 9.  A public engagement initiative based on MIL practices as an antitode to misinformation, supporting the citizens in order to:  make users aware of social networks, chats and blogs  focus on reliable open access contents and open data BiblioVerifica: What and Why  An ongoing conversation between the Library and society. We started in 2017, in order to foster the general public to develop debates and analytical reasoning in the interaction and processing of information, in the openness dimension, without political propaganda or biased ideology.
  10. 10. BiblioVerifica: What and Why verify facts and “real” news using good practices, sharing collaborative space, tools and strategies based on principles of Accuracy Traceability Transparency Accountability Independence Impartiality
  11. 11. “Tor Vergata” University with and for societies: the Third Mission Knowledge is an asset which creates business and value  “The prevalence of ‘fake news’ and society’s distrust of expert opinion underlines the need for universities to make themselves even more open and relevant to Society” (Open Science and its role in universities, LERU 2018)  “Public Engagement describes the myriad of ways in which the activity and benefits of higher education and research can be shared with the public. Engagement is by definition a two-way process, involving interaction and listening, with the goal of generating mutual benefit“. (National Co-ordinating Center for PE, UK, 2013) PE improves the public’s understanding of science, increasing the knowledge and skills of citizens in order to promote scientific vocations and participation. Why engage the public
  12. 12. Why engage the public …a two way process involving interaction and listening
  13. 13. The blog, owing to its contents, it is one of the initiatives with which our library intends to play an active role in the processes of training and education for long-life learning. Library embraces the Third Mission and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)of the UN 2030 Agenda for economic, environmental and social development. Why engage the public
  14. 14. BiblioVerifica: the nine engagement practices
  15. 15. Call to answer the public consultation #TackleFakeNews in EU
  16. 16. The Sustainable Development Festival 2018 TARGET 4.6 Ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy levels https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg4 TARGET 16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg16
  17. 17. Hoax Oscar
  18. 18. Hoax Oscar over 600 views in a week
  19. 19. World Book Day: citizens suggest books for fact-checking
  20. 20. World Book Day: citizens suggest books for fact-checkingWorld Book Day: citizens suggest books for fact-checking over 500 views in a mounth
  21. 21. Tutor civico vs fake news
  22. 22. #BiblioVerifica Italian Olympics 74 answers by 46 citizens, over 600 views in a mounth
  23. 23. #BiblioVerifica Italian Olympics
  24. 24. getbadnews.com/#play Biblioverifica's School
  25. 25. getbadnews.com/#play Biblioverifica's School 71 students, 3 different ages/classroom, over 230 views in a mounth
  26. 26. CrowdSearcher.cloud
  27. 27. Customizable Calendar (PDF / XLSx)
  28. 28. Social engagement
  29. 29. @biblioVerifica #BiblioVerifica
  30. 30. @biblioVeri #BiblioVerifica
  31. 31. @biblioVerifica #BiblioVerifica
  32. 32. #BiblioVerifica video tutorial
  33. 33. #BiblioVerifica public Forum
  34. 34. Collaborative information sharing
  35. 35. Engagement by chat
  36. 36. Engagement by comments
  37. 37. Tips and tricks for fact-checking
  38. 38. Librarians from the Tor Vergata University and other public institutions the blog is just at the beginning, hoping to enlarge and internationalize this …also with your help! Who are the BiblioVolontari ?
  39. 39. "Librarians take great pride in being the people who are at the intersection of knowledge and the questions people have. What we have standing behind us is the knowledge of all humanity, and yet we haven’t used it in a way in which we’ve changed our actions" (Elaine Harger, Progressive librarians raise questions about librarianship, 2017)
  40. 40. Take action now to transform our world! Thank you very much! coppola@economia.uniroma2.it orru@economia.uniroma2.it
  41. 41. Take action now to transform our world! Thank you very much! coppola@economia.uniroma2.it orru@economia.uniroma2.it

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