Arduino and the Promise of Open-Source Hardware

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Given at the Harvard Graduate School of Design (GSD) as part of the FWD series of talks.

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Arduino and the Promise of Open-Source Hardware

  1. 1. Arduino and the Promise ofOpen-Source HardwareDavid A. MellisFebruary 27, 2012
  2. 2. Context: Manufacturing in the Digital Age• Digital Fabrication (CAD/CAM)• Microcontrollers• Internet
  3. 3. Context: Manufacturing in the Digital Age• Crowd-Sourcing: CUUSOO (Muji, Lego), KickStarter, Quirky• On-Demand Production: i.materialise, Ponoko, Shapeways, Advanced Circuits• Online Marketplaces: Etsy, Amazon, eBay• Generative Design• Mass Customization• Open-Source Hardware
  4. 4. Arduino
  5. 5. Breathalyzer Genie by Christopher T. Palmer (Photo by Christian Spanring)
  6. 6. Biomimetic Butterflies by the Barbarian Group
  7. 7. Photo by Jens Erik Mikkelsen
  8. 8. Rancilio Silvia espresso machine hacking by Tim Hirzel
  9. 9. Earthwalk by Jens Franke & Thomas Gläser
  10. 10. Open-Source Hardware
  11. 11. “Source”• Digital design file• Can be translated into physical object• Has to be the original
  12. 12. “Open”• Sharing online• Allowing commercial use• Complicated by expensive CAD software
  13. 13. Why open-source hardware?• Economics• Education• Moral
  14. 14. Why does it matter?• New and growing practice• Alternative to proprietary production• Increasingly a norm
  15. 15. Product• Developed to be sold• Useful because you can buy it• New variations are often new products
  16. 16. DecentralizedOpen-Source Hardware Open-Source Software
  17. 17. Not very well.• Lack of software tools• Differing component selections• Monetary complications
  18. 18. Bootstrapping• Started with $2000• Continually re-invested revenues• Possible because of digital (PCB) fabrication
  19. 19. Ecosystem
  20. 20. Ecosystem: Derivativeshttp://blog.makezine.com/2009/12/11/arduino-open-source-hardware-2009/
  21. 21. Ecosystem: Accessories
  22. 22. Ecosystem: DIY Drones
  23. 23. Ecosystem: LilyPad
  24. 24. Ecosystem: Robots
  25. 25. Ecosystem: DevicesEvil Mad Scientist Laboratories
  26. 26. Ecosystem: Media
  27. 27. Limits to Openness• Manufacturing process• Suppliers• Trademark / branding
  28. 28. David Robert Tayo FalaseHannah Perner-Wilson Jean-Baptiste Labrune
  29. 29. Tim Kunkel Gonglue JiangAndrew Payne Sarah Hirschman
  30. 30. Design for DIY Manufacturingdiymanufacturing.mit.edu
  31. 31. Open-Source Hardware Community• Summit• Definition• Logo• Association
  32. 32. Thank you.David A. Mellis (mellis@media.mit.edu)http://web.media.mit.edu/~mellis/http://diymanufacturing.mit.edu/

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