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How to Read at BCP


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A guide to active reading for students at Brophy College Prep in Phoenix, AZ, USA.

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How to Read at BCP

  1. 1. How to Read Mr. Damaso © Brophy College Preparatory
  2. 2. How to Read at BCP <ul><li>When you are asked to read something in a Brophy English class, you must… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read everyday (7 days per week) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read with purpose (know your objectives) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read actively (see next slide) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You will be asked to read for… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content : who, what, where, when, why, how? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author bias : what is the intent of the writer? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme : what aspects of humanity are examined? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. 6 Reading Habits for Interrogating Texts (Harvard) <ul><li>1. Preview </li></ul><ul><li>Look “around” the text before you start reading.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Annotate </li></ul><ul><li>Annotating puts you actively and immediately in a &quot;dialogue” with an author and the issues and ideas you encounter in a written text.  It's also a way to have an ongoing conversation with yourself as you move through the text and to record what that encounter was like for you. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Throw away your highlighter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark up the margins of your text with words and phrases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop your own symbol system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get in the habit of hearing yourself ask questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Outline, Summarize, and Analyze </li></ul><ul><li>Outline, summarize, analyze: take the information apart, look at its parts, and then try to put it back together again in language that is meaningful to you.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyzing </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 6 Reading Habits for Interrogating Texts (Harvard) <ul><li>4. Look for repetitions and patterns </li></ul><ul><li>The way language is chosen, used, positioned in a text can be important indication of what an author considers crucial and what he expects you to glean from his argument . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recurring images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeated words, phrases, types of examples, or illustrations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent ways of characterizing people, events, or issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5. Contextualize </li></ul><ul><li>Once you’ve finished reading actively and annotating, take stock for a moment  and put it in perspective. When you contextualize, you essential &quot;re-view&quot; a text you've encountered, framed by its historical, cultural, material, or intellectual circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>6. Compare and Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Set course readings against each other to determine their relationships (hidden or explicit). </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Active Reading? <ul><li>What is Active Reading ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pen : underline, margin notes, provocative ?s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highlighter : color-coded markers for character, theme, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper/Notecard : character lists, theme notes, notable quotations, motif inventory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book : Re-read the passage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is wrong with this man here? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lacks pen, paper… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plus, this guy has no body. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And…he’s read from right to left. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What is Active Reading?
  7. 7. What is Active Reading?
  8. 8. Examples of Active Reading <ul><li>Underlining/Copying an attractive word, phrase, or sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Defining difficult words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oh, feline means “cat.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Connecting text to your life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ah, this reminds me of when my cat was maimed. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Noting character changes or development (∆) </li></ul><ul><li>Circling and labeling various literary devices (metaphor, hyperbole, allusion, synecdoche) </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing arrows (   ) between connected passages </li></ul><ul><li>Listing page numbers near page numbers with similar or related elements ( see p.37) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Student Example of Active Reading <ul><li>NOTICE… </li></ul><ul><li>$ for “money words” (SAT) </li></ul><ul><li>Literary terms (personification) </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrases </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul>From “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” by Ambrose Bierce
  10. 10. Student Example of Active Reading <ul><li>NOTICE… </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete details </li></ul><ul><li>Plot points </li></ul><ul><li>Short-hand abbreviations </li></ul><ul><li>Comparisons/ connections to world (“mythical heroes”) </li></ul>From “Hearts and Hands” by O Henry
  11. 11. Minimum Expectations <ul><li>Short Stories and Articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Something highlighted and something written for each paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Novels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two underlines and one marginal written comment for every two pages (a spread) of text </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most nightly active reading assignments are worth 10 points </li></ul>