Internet Shutdown in Indonesia: The New Normal Policy to Censor Information Online?
1. Internet shutdown in Indonesia:
The New Normal Policy
to Censor Information Online?
Southeast Asia Freedom of Expression Network
12 OCTOBER 2020
“CYBER-CONTROLS AND CENSORSHIP:
THE END OF DEMOCRATIC SPACE ONLINE?”
2. The strengthening role of the state
in controlling the internet
Kill Switch/Switch off
3. Internet Shutdown
DEFINITION “An internet shutdown is an intentional
disruption of internet or electronic
communications, rendering them
inaccessible or effectively unusable, for a
specific population or within a location,
often to exert control over the flow of
OONI/Open Network of Network
Intervention puts online censorship like
blocking apps and websites also forms of
PURPOSE To control what people say or do.
Over the past 4 years, Internet
shutdowns have become one
of the defining tools of
government repression in
the 21st century.
2016 2017 2018 2019
5. In Indonesia
TIME TYPE DETAIL LOCATION TRIGGER
22 – 25 May 2019 bandwith
means of DNS on
National wide Violence protest
19 August – 8 September
Papua and West
to protests over
23 – 28 September 2019 Internet
Wamena, Papua Riots
6. Impacts to Society
SME’s online can’t do their business.
No public services
ATM can’t connect to server.
No news is a good news?
7. Pushback To Internet Shutdown
21/08/2019. 23/08/2019. 26/08/2019. 21/11/2019. 03/06/2020.
• Launch on
August 21, 2019
• Sent on August
23 & 26, 2019
• Objection letter
submit to MICT
on September 4,
• Submit law suit
on 21 Nov 2019
Number 230 / G
/ 2019 / PTUN-
• Court decision
on 3 June 2020
• Court begin in 12
8. Uncertainty: will Internet
Shutdown be back again?
• It can happen not only in Jakarta and Papua. Maybe happen
elsewhere in future, as long as there is a (in)formal request and an
• No guarantees of written SOPs in near future.
• Combatting hoaxes with internet shutdown become an instant
solution to quell unrest and suppress the spread of rumours and