The Present Simple


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The Present Simple

  1. 1. The present simple <ul><li>He cooks dinner every day. </li></ul><ul><li>I love jazz music. </li></ul><ul><li>We usually drive to work. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Present Simple (form) <ul><li>The present simple has the following form: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I /you/we /they + verb (=ww) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I + watch (TV every night) “I watch TV every night” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You + look (like my brother) “You look like my brother” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We + live (in Rotterdam) “We live in Rotterdam” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They + work (in an office) “They work in an office” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>he/she/it + verb (=ww) + s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>he/she + talk + s (a lot) “he/she talk s a lot” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it + rain + s (little in June) “It rain s little in June” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Present Simple exceptions <ul><li>There are exceptions IN THE THIRD PERSON SINGULAR (he she it, but also “Mary” “the dog” etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs ending in ‘s’ sound (pronunciation): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>teach [tietsj] -> teach es </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>kiss -> kiss es </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Verbs ending in “y” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To t ry : he/she/it tr ies To de ny : he/she/it denies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But: to lie: he/she/it lies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Real exceptions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>have -> has </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>do -> does </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>go -> goes </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Present Simple Use <ul><li>The present simple is used to talk about actions we see as long term or permanent . It is very common and very important. </li></ul><ul><li>In these examples, we are talking about regular actions or events . </li></ul><ul><li>I drive to work every day. </li></ul><ul><li>She doesn't come very often. </li></ul><ul><li>They live in London. </li></ul><ul><li>What do you usually have for breakfast? </li></ul><ul><li>In these examples, we are talking about facts . </li></ul><ul><li>Water freezes at 0° C or 32° F. </li></ul><ul><li>I have three children. </li></ul><ul><li>What does this word mean? </li></ul><ul><li>I don't have any of my original teeth left. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Exercises <ul><li>Gap exercise </li></ul>
  6. 6. Present Simple Use <ul><li>In these examples, we are talking about future facts , usually found in a timetable or a chart . </li></ul><ul><li>The plane leaves at 5.00 tomorrow morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Day falls on a Sunday this year. </li></ul><ul><li>Ramadan doesn't begin for another 2 weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Does the class begin this week or next? </li></ul><ul><li>In these examples, we are talking about our thoughts and feelings at the time of speaking . Notice that, although these feelings can be short-term, we use the present simple and not the present continuous. </li></ul><ul><li>I think you are wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>She doesn't want to do it. </li></ul><ul><li>They don't agree with us. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you understand what I am trying to say? </li></ul>120297309138
  7. 7. Making questions and negations (ontkenningen) Statement Question Negation He will be able to swim in six months Will he be able to swim in six months? He will not be able to swim in 6 months. He won’t be ……. He is going skiing tomorrow. Is he going skiing tomorrow? He is not going …. He isn’t going … He’s not going… She has got a brother. Has she got a brother? She has not got … She hasn’t got He has a brother. Does he have a brother? NOT: Has he a brother? He does not have .. He doesn’t have.. He has watched TV. Has he watched TV? He has not watched TV. He hasn’t watched TV. I have to go to school. Do I have to go to school? NOT Have I to go to school? I do not have to go.. I don’t have to go….
  8. 8. Making questions and negations (ontkenningen) Statement Question Negation (I/you/we/they) work in an office. Do (I/you/we/they) work in an office? I/you/we/they don’t …. She/she/it liv es in London. FOUT: Does she/he/it liv es in London? FOUT: He/She/It doesn’t liv es …. Does she/he/it liv e in London? He/She/It doesn’t liv e …. I/you/he etc. talk ed to each other. Did I/you/he/etc ta lk to each other? I/you/he/etc. didn’t talk…. I/you/he/etc. went to London last year. FOUT: Did I/you/he/etc   went to ….? I/you/he etc didn’t went .. GOED: Did I/you/he/etc   go to ….? I/you/he etc didn’t go ..
  9. 9. Questions and negations <ul><li>  If there is no auxiliary, then you use a form of ‘to do’ + full verb </li></ul><ul><li>Do in the present simple I / you / we / they </li></ul><ul><li>Does in the present simple he / she / it </li></ul><ul><li>did in the past simple. </li></ul><ul><li>  He/she/it lives in London. GOED: Does she/he/it live in London? FOUT: Does she/he/it lives in London? </li></ul><ul><li>I/you/he etc. talked to each other. GOED: Did I/you/he/etc  talk to each other? FOUT: Did I/you/he/etc   talked to each other?    </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Bij onregelmatige werkwoorden valt dat (nog) meer op:OED: Did I/you/he/etc  go to London last </li></ul><ul><li>I/you/he/etc. went to London last year. Gyear? FOUT: Did I/you/he/etc   went to </li></ul>
  10. 11. Exercises <ul><li>Present Simple negations </li></ul><ul><li>Present Simple Questions </li></ul>