351 lecture6 handout

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Center for News Literacy, Stony Brook University

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  • Assignments:\n
  • 351 lecture6 handout

    1. 1. Week 6 Opinion
    2. 2. Actionable information?
    3. 3. Four Questions:1. How do you tell the difference between News Reporting and Opinion Journalism?2. Why should you care which is which?3. What is the value of Opinion Journalism?4. How do you tell the difference between Opinion Journalism and Counterfeit Opinion Journalism?
    4. 4. Warning: Test AheadTest
will
be
administered
in
the
Tes0ng
Center
at
the
end
of
the
month
    5. 5. Question examples
    6. 6. What is Opinion Doing in the Journalism Neighborhood?Code
of
Ethics:
(excerpts)Dis0nguish
between
advocacy
and
news
repor0ng.
Analysis
and
commentary
should
be
labeled
and
not
misrepresent
fact
or
context.Deny
favored
treatment
to
adver0sers
and
special
interests
and
resist
their
pressure
to
influence
news
coverage.Remain
free
of
associa0ons
and
ac0vi0es
that
may
compromise
integrity
or
damage
credibility.
    7. 7. A Brief History of Opinion Journalism Alexander Hamilton Starts the New York Post and Attacks Thomas Jefferson
    8. 8. The Rise of the “Objective” Press The Advertiser Model Newspaper publishers needed to attract a wide variety of readers and advertisers
    9. 9. The Opinion Quarantine Editorials
    10. 10. The Opinion Quarantine Columns
    11. 11. An Opinion Niche? Are the Cable News Channels Inheriting the Role of Alexander Hamilton’s New York Post?Not Mass Media, Partisan Newsletters?
    12. 12. Question # 1: How do we tell the difference betweenNews Reporting and Opinion Journalism?
    13. 13. News Report or Opinion Journalism ?
    14. 14. Surgeon General’s Warning:A News Report will often include the opinions of experts, participants or witnesses. That is not what is meant by “Opinion Journalism.” Failure to cling to this distinctionmay be harmful or fatal to your grade.
    15. 15. Definition of NewsNews is information about a subject of some publicinterest that is shared and subject to the journalistic process of verification by an independent organization that is accountable.
    16. 16. Definition of OpinionOpinion is a view, a judgment, or an appraisal formed in the mind about a particular matter.
    17. 17. How You Can Tell If It’s News Reporting or Opinion Journalism?Language and Labeling
    18. 18. Opinion Landmarks: Language First-person statements Exaggeration or SuperlativesEmotional or dramatic descriptions Tone (sarcasm, irony, parody)
    19. 19. Opinion Journalism Landmarks: First-person (“I”)
    20. 20. Opinion Journalism Landmarks: Exaggeration or Superlatives tates.
 the
Democra 5c
Party
of
the
United
S“Look.
We
are 
not
the
mouthpiece
for
 ram,
we
 ‐incompeten t
at
selling
its
own
progBut
th at
party
is
so
crackhead e
point
out
to 
the
public
one
of
the
pa rty ’s
thought
it
was
 important
that
someonaccomplishments.
 Harry
Reid
of
 Here
it
is: s
Democra5c
 majority
and
with
Sen.
 The
c urrent
Congress,
with
it roved
the
big gest
tax
cut
in
United
Sta tes
 Nevada
at
the 
helm
in
the
Senate,
app history. ainst
it. And
t he
Republicans
voted
ag is
way:
“BIGGEST.
TAX
C UT.
EVER.”
 ed
the
bill
th Wash ington
Monthly
describ heir
eyes
on
the
ball
eve n
if
the
 hould
keep
t All
w e
can
say
is
that
voters
s Democrats
don’t.”
 eview 
‐The
R eno
(Nevada)
News
&
R
    21. 21. Opinion Journalism Landmarks:Emotional/ Dramatic Descriptions"The
GOP
cri,que
of
government
in
the
age
of
Obama
would
be
more
arent
being
credible
if
the
partys
candidates
did
not
equate
trying
to
save
lives
with
tyranny…kids
strapped
to
gurneys
here.”
Bachmanns
statement
that
the
HPV
vaccine
causes
intellectual
disability
"is
the
kind
of
know‐nothingism
that
undermines
public
support
for
vaccina,on
altogether.” 
–Wall
Street
Journal
    22. 22. Opinion Journalism Landmarks: Tone (sarcasm, irony, parody)We’re
watching
our
freedoms
vanish
Here’s
how
to
cut
crime
at
a
stroke.It’s
cheap,
it’s
foolproof
and
we
can
start
to
implement
it
today.
Let’s
install
surveillance
cameras
and
microphones
in
every
room
of
every
new
home
that
is
built.
Make
it
a
condi0on
of
planning
consent.
Insist
on
it
in
every
refurbishment.
Offices?
Yes,
of
course
offices,
too.
Why
not?
It
won’t
just
leave
terrorists
with
no
place
to
hide,
it’ll
expose
criminals
wherever
they’re
holed
up
or
ploOng.
Isn’t
this
the
logical
extension
of
what
is
already
happening,
of
what
we’re
allowing
with
barely
a
squeak
of
protest?” 
–Scotland
Sunday
Herald
    23. 23. The Importance of LabelingThe Forms of News and Opinion
    24. 24. The News to Opinion Spectrum on TV
    25. 25. Labeling on TVHow Do You Know if It’s Opinion?
    26. 26. The Importance of Labeling
    27. 27. The News to Opinion Spectrum on TV
    28. 28. Question #2: Why should you care which is which? The goal of news reporting is to give you the information you need for your Fourth Estate role.The goal of opinion journalism is to help you make up your mind about that information.
    29. 29. The Wall: Why It Matters
    30. 30. The Virtual “Wall” In Practice
    31. 31. Question #3:What is the value of Opinion Journalism? • Gives you new insights • Challenges your assumptions • Helps you make a decision or judgment
    32. 32. Opinion Journalism is Valuable When: You are well-informed You are open-minded You are active, not passive
    33. 33. Question #4: How Do You SpotCounterfeit Opinion Journalism? (Evidence vs. Emotion)
    34. 34. Opinion Journalism or Counterfeit?
    35. 35. Opinion Journalism or Counterfeit?Fact-based vs. Emotion-based Logic vs. Belief
    36. 36. Moynihan’s Maxim “Everyone is entitledto their own opinions, but they are not entitled to their own facts.” Daniel Patrick Moynihan (deceased) Ambassador, Four-term U.S. Senator from New York
    37. 37. Journalism, Opinion Journalism or Counterfeit Opinion Journalism Which Is It?
    38. 38. News vs. Opinion: A SummaryTo tell the difference between news and opinion, analyze language & labeling Start with news: Know the news before you seek opinions about the news Moynihan’s maxim: “You’re entitled to your own opinion, but you’re not entitled to your own facts.” Alternate views can sharpen your thinking
    39. 39. Assignment:• Catch up on readings already assigned• Read materials posted on the web regarding propaganda and faulty logic

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