DNA & Cloning  Daisy Marquez-Ruiz
Important question to keep in mind <ul><ul><li>Who discover DNA and how did she discover it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wh...
Who discovered DNA? <ul><ul><li>Rosalind Franklin discovered DNA by using an x-ray. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because of ...
DNA Fingerprinting  <ul><ul><li>DNA fingerprints is basically to look for crime or victims. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  F...
Genetics & Mutation <ul><ul><li>Genes are characteristic traits that a person has based on their parents. (EX: You might h...
HOW DOES THIS RELATE TO LIFE <ul><li>This relates to life because if you ever have a crime or victim you can find that per...
Cloning of sheep <ul><ul><li>  The important of the cloning the  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>sheep named Dolly is that it could...
What cells did they used? <ul><li>The cells that scientist use was an adult cell. When you see a pair of twins that is an ...
What are the benefits of cloning? <ul><li>The benefit of cloning is that if a person has a heart disease. </li></ul><ul><u...
  I am against cloning... ARE YOU?? <ul><li>The reason why I am against cloning is because when cloning a person, that per...
Work Cited  <ul><ul><li>&quot;DNA Finger Priniting.&quot;  Home . N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2011.<http://www.forensicpatholo...
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Biology

  1. 1. DNA & Cloning  Daisy Marquez-Ruiz
  2. 2. Important question to keep in mind <ul><ul><li>Who discover DNA and how did she discover it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are genetic traits? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can cloning help human? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What so special about finger prints?  </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Who discovered DNA? <ul><ul><li>Rosalind Franklin discovered DNA by using an x-ray. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because of Rosalind, Watson and Crick were able to make the double-helix model in 1953. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>             DNA STRUCTURE    </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a double stranded molecule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DNA is made up of nucleotides:  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>     Deoxyribose molecules  </li></ul><ul><li>      Phosphate group </li></ul><ul><li>       Nitrogenous base  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Four bases of DNA are:  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>     Adenine  </li></ul><ul><li>     Guanine </li></ul><ul><li>     Cyosine </li></ul><ul><li>      Thymine  </li></ul>
  4. 4. DNA Fingerprinting <ul><ul><li>DNA fingerprints is basically to look for crime or victims. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Fingertips are used to distinguish an individual and the chance that the fingertips do not belong to that individual is &quot;one out 300 million.&quot;(  forensicpathologyonline ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This relates to DNA because everyone has there only unique blood.( with an expectation of twins they have identical DNA )  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* What distinguish a twin is that they do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not have the same finger print. This is  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>due to having different phenotypes.   </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Genetics & Mutation <ul><ul><li>Genes are characteristic traits that a person has based on their parents. (EX: You might have grey eyes from your father) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chromosomes make up a living thing.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex Chromosomes- Females have two X and Male has X and Y  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person has 46 individual chromosomes this does not mean that everyone does.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How mutation occur : Duplication - Can have extra copies  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insertion -insert one of the same bases </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inversion -reversing order of part of a chromosome    </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>                                          </li></ul>
  6. 6. HOW DOES THIS RELATE TO LIFE <ul><li>This relates to life because if you ever have a crime or victim you can find that person.If you ever get stress or angry your DNA will tightening up.An if you feel love or appeciation the DNA will become longer. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cloning of sheep <ul><ul><li>  The important of the cloning the </li></ul></ul><ul><li>sheep named Dolly is that it could </li></ul><ul><li>give us the chance to clone humans. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There was a DNA test that determined </li></ul></ul><ul><li>to be the same as the female  </li></ul><ul><li>sheep, where the cell was taken </li></ul><ul><li>from to create Dolly. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://youtu.be/qfNUGNsuw7o </li></ul>
  8. 8. What cells did they used? <ul><li>The cells that scientist use was an adult cell. When you see a pair of twins that is an examlpe of nature clones from DNA.Cloning animals has not been successful although scientists have been cloning different organisms.At the stage when it is cloned, it is just a bunch of cells that contain DNA. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are three methods of human cloning which are embryo cloning, reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embryo- cloning is the identical twins are produce. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproductive- cloning is the DNA is removed from an ovum and replaced with the DNA extracted from a cell taken from an adult animal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Therapeutic- cloning is the same as Reproductive Cloning. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What are the benefits of cloning? <ul><li>The benefit of cloning is that if a person has a heart disease. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The heart can be clone to replace it with the healthy heart. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart diseases are the number one killer in the United States. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The kidney cells could mean that in the future, fewer patients with kidney disease would require complicated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liver failure occurs when large parts of the liver become damaged beyond repair and the liver is no longer able to function. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tay-Sachs Disease means when both parents carry the def </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  10. 10.   I am against cloning... ARE YOU?? <ul><li>The reason why I am against cloning is because when cloning a person, that person would not come out the same. A person's mind would not have the same emotions toward a person.I believed that god can only give life to a human instead of cloning. Cloning could go wrong and create deformed people because genetic disease can not be cure. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 11. Work Cited  <ul><ul><li>&quot;DNA Finger Priniting.&quot;  Home . N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2011.<http://www.forensicpathologyonline.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;What Is a Gene? .&quot;  KidsHealth - the Web's most visited site about children's health . N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http://kidshealth.org/kid/talk/qa/what </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fredholm, Lotta, and Science. &quot;The Discovery of the Molecular Structure of DNA - The Double Helix.&quot; Nobelprize.org . N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http://www.nobelprize.org/educational    </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smith, Simon. &quot;The Benefits of Human Cloning.&quot;  Human Cloning Foundation Home Page . N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http://www.humancloning.org/benefits  </li></ul></ul>

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