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Campus journalism by Daisy T. Besing

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Campus Journalism
- News writing
- News Elements
- News structure

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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  • thanks maam for sharing this it will be a great help
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Campus journalism by Daisy T. Besing

  1. 1. CAMPUS JOURNALISM By Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA
  2. 2. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Journalism is a form of writing that tells people about things that really happened, but that they might not have known about already.
  3. 3. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Scope of Journalism 1. Written (newspaper, magazine) 2. Oral (radio) 3. Visual (television, movies and documentaries)
  4. 4. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA GOALS OF JOURNALISM 1. INFORM 2. EDUCATE 3. ENTERTAIN 4. PERSUADE
  5. 5. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Journalism comes in several different forms: I. News A. Breaking news: Telling about an event as it happens. B. Feature stories: A detailed look at something interesting that's not breaking news. C. Enterprise or Investigative stories: Stories that uncover information that few people knew.
  6. 6. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Journalism comes in several different forms: II. Opinion A. Editorials: Unsigned articles that express a publication's opinion. B. Columns: Signed articles that express the writer's reporting
  7. 7. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Journalism comes in several different forms: II. Opinion A. Editorials: Unsigned articles that express a publication's opinion. B. Columns: Signed articles that express the writer's reporting
  8. 8. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Journalism comes in several different forms: Online Journalism ●Blogs: Online diaries kept by individuals or small groups. ●Discussion boards: Online question and answer pages where anyone can participate. ●Wikis: Articles that any reader can add to or change.
  9. 9. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Reporting 1. Interviews: Talking with people who know something about the story you are reporting. 2. Observation: Watching and listening where news is taking place. 3. Documents: Reading stories, reports, public records and other printed material.
  10. 10. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Writing ● Get the facts. All the facts you can. ● Tell your readers where you got every bit of information you put in your story. ● Be honest about what you do not know. ● Don't try to write fancy. Keep it clear.
  11. 11. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA NEWS (DEFINITION) NEWS WRITING - IS AN ORAL AND WRITTEN REPORT OF A PAST, PRESENT, OR FUTURE EVENT. - FACTUAL, TRUTHFUL, ACCURATE, UNBIASED AND INTERESTING - IS ACCURATE BECAUSE IT IS BASED ON FACTS AND NOT FICTION.
  12. 12. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA TYPES OF NEWS NEWS WRITING 1. HARD NEWS –- Important to a large number of people; timely; usually about events in government, politics, foreign affairs, education, labor, religion, courts, etc.
  13. 13. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA HARD NEWS:
  14. 14. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA TYPES OF NEWS NEWS WRITING 2. SOFT NEWS – usually less important because it entertains, although it may also inform; often less timely than hard news; includes human interest and feature stories which may relate to hard news; appeals more to emotions than to the intellect or the desire to be informed
  15. 15. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA SOFT NEWS:
  16. 16. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA 11. Concise 12. Short 13. Brief 14. To the point 15. Clear QUALITIES OF NEWS 1. Accurate 2. Balanced 3. Truthful 4. Recent 5. Exact 6. Perfect 7. Objective 8. Impartial 9. Unbiased 10. Disinclined
  17. 17. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA A. TIMELINESS/IMMEDIACY ELEMENTS OF NEWS - The news happened recently - It’s new, otherwise, we’d call it “olds” - Almost every story has some timeliness aspect - the more recent the event, the more interesting it is to the reader EXAMPLE: President Benigno Aquino III joined the celebration of the 116th Independence day, in Naga City, Camarines Sur.
  18. 18. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA B. CURRENCY ELEMENTS OF NEWS - It is related to something else in the news. EXAMPLE: A story on Dengue cases in Region XI statistics from 2013 to 2014.
  19. 19. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA C. CONFLICT ELEMENTS OF NEWS - War, elections, sports - involve physical or mental conflict – man vs. man, man vs. animals, man vs. nature or an vs. himself. EXAMPLE: World number tennis player Rafael Nadal has won his ninth title at Roland Garros with 3-6, 7-5, 6-2, 6-4 over Novak Dyokovic.
  20. 20. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA D. CONSEQUENCE ELEMENTS OF NEWS - The subject of a story has an impact on how people live their lives. EXAMPLE: Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte has implemented the midnight liquor ban to help parents discipline their children.
  21. 21. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA E. PROMINENCE ELEMENTS OF NEWS - Elected, wealthy, famous - For the same occurrence, people in the public eye have higher news value than obscure people. EXAMPLE: 1. If I choke on a pretzel, it’s not news. When the president does, it is news. 2. Magic Johnson and actor Rock Hudson had AIDS, while an ordinary citizen with AIDS would not have commanded the attention of the national news media. 
  22. 22. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA F. PROXIMITY ELEMENTS OF NEWS - Closeness, either because of geographical proximity or because of relationship EXAMPLE: 1.If I choke on a pretzel, it’s not news. When the president does, it is news. 2.Magic Johnson and actor Rock Hudson had AIDS, while an ordinary citizen with AIDS would not have commanded the attention of the national news media. 
  23. 23. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA G. Human Interest ELEMENTS OF NEWS - “Warm and fuzzy” feeling -  are generally soft news. For example: - Olympic athlete bios, Dateline “Survivor Stories” - a baby beauty contest,  - a person whose pet happens to be a nine-foot boa constrictor,  - a man who makes a cart so that his two-legged dog can move around again.
  24. 24. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA H. ODDITY/UNUSUAL ELEMENTS OF NEWS - Whenever strange things happen, it will make the news. - It can also occur with events that only happen once every great while For example: - if the aviator has only one leg, this is news; - if the parachute fails to open and the pilot lands safely, this is news.
  25. 25. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Juanita de la Cruz, 18, a student of the Far Eastern University, died in a car accident along North Expressway yesterday. An 18-year-old female student of Far Eastern University died in a car accident along North Expressway yesterday. NEWS STRUCTURE
  26. 26. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA INVERTED PYRAMID NEWS STRUCTURE CLIMAX DETAILS SECONDARY DETAILS
  27. 27. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA LEAD NEWS STRUCTURE - first paragraph of the news story - serves as the climax of the story - serves as to attract the reader to the story
  28. 28. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA THE LEAD NEWS STRUCTURE 1. TRADITIONAL LEAD - ANSWERS THE SIX BASIC QUESTIONS 5W’S AND H WHO LEAD Example: US President Barack Obama yesterday said he will visit the Philippines in November.
  29. 29. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA THE LEAD NEWS STRUCTURE WHAT LEAD Example: The oil price hike will trigger higher food prices, economists from the University of the Philippines said in a symposium last Tuesday.
  30. 30. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA THE LEAD NEWS STRUCTURE WHEN LEAD Example: Ten days to go before Sangguniang Kabataan elections.
  31. 31. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA THE LEAD NEWS STRUCTURE WHERE LEAD Example: Luneta Park was filled with g-string clad men last Saturday in an effort to raise awareness for cultural minorities.
  32. 32. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA THE LEAD NEWS STRUCTURE WHY LEAD Example: A broken water pipe was the cause for the flooding along Sikatuna Ave., Quezon City yesterday.
  33. 33. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA THE LEAD NEWS STRUCTURE HOW LEAD Example: Using his bare hands to kill the snake, the soldier saved a six-year-old boy from being bitten.
  34. 34. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA ALTERNATIVE LEAD Nut graph: - summary of the story - found in the second or third paragraph story Joselito D. Cruz, 35, was beaten to death when he changed the television channel against the wishes of the other patrons at the Lopaluza Bar along Taft Ave. last night NEWS STRUCTURE
  35. 35. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA ALTERNATIVE LEAD A. PUNCH LEAD -BRIEF, WITTY, AND SOMETIMES PARADOZAL STATEMENT. Example: Watching Television can deadly. NEWS STRUCTURE
  36. 36. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA B. PICTURE OR DESCRIPTIVE LEAD -vivid word picture of an event. usually used for sidebar stories of big events such as story on congressional fashion during SONA. -Example: Dressed in shiny metallic blouses, the Silver Jubilarians waved, smiled, and posed for the cameras, during their homecoming festivities at the St. Cecilia’s Auditorium last February 8. NEWS STRUCTURE
  37. 37. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA C. Direct Address Lead -Violating news writing convention of writing in the third person; using the second person “you” with the aim of targeting the specific reader. Example: If your parents are alumni of this school, then your family maybe eligible for the annual loyalty award. NEWS STRUCTURE
  38. 38. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA D. CONTRAST LEAD -uses comparison of two conventional extremes, such as black and white, young and old, rich and poor. usually used for personality profiles but it can be used in crime stories. Example: Forty years ago, he was a fish vendor in Tondo. Today, he is the ninth richest person in the country. NEWS STRUCTURE
  39. 39. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA E. QUESTION LEAD -use a pertinent question, which at the same time serves as the key idea of the story EXAMPLE: Is a tuition fee increase really necessary? F. QUOTATION LEAD -uses succinct remark or a bold statement from a speech or an interview. -EXAMPLE: -“We will win the championship,” coach Virgilio Santos confidently declared yesterday NEWS STRUCTURE
  40. 40. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA G. Literary Allusion Lead -Used for features -- makes use of famous lines from popular literature or well-known proverbs. -Example: It is worth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of an investment banker. NEWS STRUCTURE
  41. 41. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA
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  44. 44. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA
  45. 45. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA
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  47. 47. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA
  48. 48. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA
  49. 49. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Functions of school paper (old) A. AID TO STUDENTS - PROVIDE OPPORTUNITY FOR INTERESTING WRITING - SERVES AS AN OUTLET AND MOTIVATION OF JOURNALISTIC WRITING - DEVELOP QUALITIES OF COOPERATION, TACT ACCURACY, TOLERANCE, RESPONSIBILITY AND LEADERSHIP A. AID TO THE SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY - INFORMS THE COMMUNITY ON THE WORK OF THE SCHOOL - CREATES AND EXPRESSES SCHOOL OPINION
  50. 50. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA 1. INFORMATION FUNCTION 2. OPINION FUNCTION 3. EDUCATION FUNCTION 4. WATCHDOG FUNCTION 5. LABORATORY FUCTION 6. DOCUMENTATION FUNCTION 7. ENTERTAINMENT FUNCTION 8. DEVELOPMENT FUNCTION Functions of school paper (new)
  51. 51. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA Parts of Campus Paper  FRONT PAGEFRONT PAGE  EDITORIAL PAGEEDITORIAL PAGE  FEATURE PAGEFEATURE PAGE  LITERARY PAGELITERARY PAGE  SPORTS PAGESPORTS PAGE
  52. 52. By:Ms. DAISY T. BESING, MPA FRONT PAGE BANNER NAMEPLATE LEAD BODY BY LINE

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