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Pd7 pra methodologies

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Pd7 pra methodologies

  1. 1. PD7-O1 Participatory RapidAppraisal Methodologies
  2. 2. PD7-O2 Participatory Rapid Appraisal (PRA)• Utilizes techniques such as interviews, discussions (including focus groups), mapping, ranking, and trend analysis exercises with local people• Allows the researcher / practitioner to examine the complexity of poor households’ financial, economic and social environment Wright, Graham, Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Microfinance, 1999
  3. 3. PD7-O3 Some PRA Techniques• Life cycle profile to trace cash needs over time• Venn diagram• Simple wealth ranking• Time series of crises• Seasonality of income, expenses, savings, and credit Wright, Graham, Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Microfinance, 1999
  4. 4. PD7-O4 Venn Diagram• Designed to get an understanding of the organizations with which participants deal with and to see the relative importance of these in their lives• Important in understanding the competitive environment of the MFI operating in the area – Participants prepare circles representing these organizations – Circles are sized according to their importance Wright, Graham, Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Microfinance, 1999
  5. 5. PD7-O5Sample Venn Diagram Albay CARD RelativesSimbag KMBI Producer’s Bank GSH G7 Bank
  6. 6. PD7-O6 Simple Wealth Ranking• Finds out about wealth, poverty and vulnerability• Fast way of segregating community• Useful for targeting certain characteristics – Names in a basket – Pick out one by one for identification of ranking – Ask for definitions of rich and poor households – Compare results Wright, Graham, Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Microfinance, 1999
  7. 7. PD7-O7 Life Cycle Profile• Seeks to identify the phases of a typical individual’s life cycles and key milestones• Examines the implications of these for household income/expenditure and how MFI services can respond to these• Info is useful for designing a financial product that matches the various needs expressed at different milestones• Shows need for lump sum cash Wright, Graham, Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Microfinance, 1999
  8. 8. PD7-O8 Life Cycle Profile Economic PressureBirth ******Elementary Education ***High School Education ****College Education *******Marriage *****First Born Child ** Wright, Graham, Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Microfinance, 1999
  9. 9. PD7-O9 Time Series of Crises• Able to learn from the community how it views change over time in areas related to crises• Identify crisis events for time series• Place beans to indicate relative magnitude of crisis• Do this for current, previous, 5 years before, and 10 years before.• Facilitator combines the charts and presents to the community to verify results.• Able to see trends considered important by the people in order to identify range of opportunities for improved financial service delivery Wright, Graham, Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Microfinance, 1999
  10. 10. PD7-O10 Time Series of Crises This Last 5 years 10 yrs Year Year before beforeSickness *** ****** ****Death * *** * **Loss of Employment *** *****Loss of Business ***Theft ** **** ****** *****Floods ** *****Drought *******Typhoon *** ****** *****Others Wright, Graham, Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Microfinance, 1999
  11. 11. PD7-O11
  12. 12. PD7-O12 Time Series: Typhoon Typhoon8.007.00 7.006.00 5.005.004.003.002.00 1.001.00 0.50 - This year Last year 5 years 10 years SEDPI Research on a WWF area in Balabac, Palawan, 2007
  13. 13. PD7-O13 Seasonality• Income, Expenses, Credit, and Savings – Draw chart with the 12 months and then note income, expenditure, savings, and credit – Place beans on each month to indicate relative magnitude of the four key variable under consideration for that month – Obtains info on seasonal flows for the four key variables and provides insight to the risks and pressure faced by clients and how financial services respond to these Wright, Graham, Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Microfinance, 1999
  14. 14. PD7-O14 Income and Expenses Income and Expenses9.008.00 7.677.00 7.226.00 5.67 5.675.00 5.114.44 4.44 4.33 4.89 4.44 5.22 4.67 4.00 4.78 4.56 4.78 4.674.00 4.33 4.33 3.78 4.22 4.11 3.003.00 3.112.001.00 - J F M A M J J A S O N D SEDPI Research on a WWF area in Balabac, Palawan, 2007
  15. 15. PD7-O15 Savings and Credit Savings and Credit6.005.00 4.78 4.564.00 3.56 3.67 3.44 3.22 3.113.00 2.78 2.44 2.56 1.89 1.892.00 1.56 2.11 2.11 2.00 1.33 1.11 1.22 1.78 0.671.00 0.44 0.56 0.67 - J F M A M J J A S O N D SEDPI Research on a WWF area in Balabac, Palawan, 2007
  16. 16. PD7-O16General Tips in Conducting PRA • Exercises are best done in a closed area with adequate amount of clean, dry space • Groups range from 5-10 members with good working knowledge of community • Remember what you learn from the discussion among the participants as they undergo the exercise is often more important than the result itself • Document all output • Conducted within a FGD Wright, Graham, Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Microfinance, 1999

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