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Animal welfare in dairy production

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Animal Welfare is gaining recognition as an important element of commercial livestock operations worldwide.
This has wide-ranging implications for an industry with complex historical and cultural roots.
It is being addressed not only by governmental agencies and academic institutions, but by a growing number of professionals at different locations in the agricultural supply chain.
A number of regional and global initiatives have emerged to provide guidance on acceptable practices to actors ranging from individuals caring for animals on farms to large scale commercial enterprises providing animal-based products from different livestock systems.

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Animal welfare in dairy production

  1. 1. Ani mal Wel f are i n Dai ry Product i onDr. Vi ct or Yamo, HSA Ca mpa i gns Ma na ge r ,
  2. 2. 1. Int roduct i on Ani mal Wel f are i s ga i ni ng r e c ogni t i on a s a n i mpor t a nt e l e me nt of c omme r c i a l l i ve s t oc k ope r a t i ons wor l dwi de . Thi s ha s wi de - r a ngi ng i mpl i c a t i ons f or a n i ndus t r y wi t h c ompl e x hi s t or i c a l a nd c ul t ur a l r oot s . I t i s be i ng a ddr e s s e d not onl y by gove r nme nt a l a ge nc i e s a nd a c a de mi c i ns t i t ut i ons , but by a gr owi ng numbe r of pr of e s s i ona l s a t di f f e r e nt l oc a t i ons i n t he a gr i c ul t ur a l s uppl y c ha i n. A numbe r of r e gi ona l a nd gl oba l i ni t i a t i ve s ha ve e me r ge d t o pr ovi de gui da nc e on
  3. 3. 1. Int roduct i on Ani ma l we l f a r e i s f i r s t a nd f or e mos t i mpor t a nt f or t he a ni ma l . Fa r m a ni ma l s c a n f e e l , e xpe r i e nc e a nd s uf f e r . Fa r m a ni ma l s a r e Se nt i e nt be i ngs . Ani ma l we l f a r e i s j us t a s i mpor t a nt t o huma ns f or r e a s ons of f ood s e c ur i t y a nd nut r i t i on. Be t t e r ma na ge me nt of a nd c a r e f or l i ve s t oc k c a n i mpr ove pr oduc t i vi t y a nd f ood qua l i t y, t he r e by he l pi ng t o a ddr e s s nut r i t i ona l de f i c i e nc i e s a nd f ood s hor t a ge s a s we l l a s e ns ur i ng f ood s a f e t y. Ani ma l we l f a r e s t a nda r ds a r e i nc r e a s i ngl y be c omi ng a pr e r e qui s i t e t o e nha nc i ng bus i ne s s e f f i c i e nc y a nd pr of i t a bi l i t y, s a t i s f yi ng i nt e r na t i ona l ma r ke t s a nd me e t i ng c ons ume r e xpe c t a t i ons .
  4. 4. 2. Def i ni t i on Wel f are c onc e r ns t he qua l i t y of a n a ni ma l ’ s l i f e , not how l ong t he l i f e l a s t s ( qua nt i t y) .  I t i s a br oa d t e r m whi c h i nc l ude s t he ma ny e l e me nt s t ha t c ont r i but e t o a n a ni ma l ’ s qua l i t y of l i f e , i nc l udi ng t hos e r e f e r r e d t o i n t he ‘ f i ve f r e e doms ’  OIE Te r r e s t r i a l Ani ma l He a l t h Co d e 2 0 1 1 Ar t i c l e 7 . 1 . 1  Ani mal wel f are me a ns how a n a ni ma l i s c opi ng wi t h t he c ondi t i ons i n whi c h i t l i ve s .
  5. 5. 2. Def i ni t i on  An a ni ma l i s i n a good s t a t e of we l f a r e ( a s i ndi c a t e d by s c i e nt i f i c e vi de nc e ) i f i t i s he a l t hy , c o mf o r t a bl e , we l l no ur i s he d , s a f e , a bl e t o e x p r e s s i nna t e be ha v i o ur a nd i f i t i s not s uf f e r i ng f r om unpl e a s a nt s t a t e s s uc h a s pa i n, f e a r , a nd di s t r e s s .  Good a ni ma l we l f a r e r e qui r e s di s e a s e pr e ve nt i on a nd ve t e r i na r y t r e a t me nt , a ppr opr i a t e s he l t e r , ma na ge me nt , nut r i t i on, huma ne ha ndl i ng a nd huma ne s l a ught e r / ki l l i ng.  Ani ma l we l f a r e r e f e r s t o t he s t a t e of t he a ni ma l whi l e t he t r e a t me nt t ha t a n a ni ma l
  6. 6. 3. Assessi ng Ani mal Wel f are The Five Animal Freedoms (Farm Animal Welfare Council, UK 1992) are often used as a framework to assess animal welfare Freedom from hunger and thirst (malnutrition). • By ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain full health and vigor. Freedom from (physical & thermal) discomfort. • by providing an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting areas. Freedom from pain, injury and disease. • By prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment Freedom to express normal behaviour. • By providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animals kind. Freedom from fear and distress. • by e ns ur i ng c ondi t i ons a nd t r e a t me nt t ha t a voi d me nt a l s uf f e r i ng
  7. 7. 4. 1 Freedom f rom Hunger & Thi rst Good nut r i t i on e ns ur e s t ha t c a l ve s a r e f i t a nd s t r ong • Ens ur e c a l ve s r e c e i ve c ol os t r um mi l k t o pr ovi de e a r l y i mmuni t y • Re gul a r r e vi e w of body c ondi t i on, we i ght ga i n a nd a dj us t i ng f e e di ng • He a l t h c a l ve s gr ow t o opt i mum body we i ght a nd pr oduc e mor e mi l k Rout i ne da i r y hus ba ndr y a s s oc i a t e d wi t h f e e di ng i nc l ude • Pr ovi di ng f r e s h pa s t ur e da i l y • Re vi e wi ng c ow’ s body c ondi t i on a nd a dj us t i ng di e t a c c or di ngl y
  8. 8. 4. 2 Free f rom physi cal & t hermal di scomf ort Pr ovi de c a l ve s wi t h good hous i ng t ha t pr ot e c t s t he m f r om e l e me nt s of t he we a t he r . I n e xt r e me we a t he r c ondi t i ons l i ke r a i ns pr ovi de c omf or t a bl e s he l t e r a nd dr y be ddi ngs f or c ows . Mi l ki ng a nd ha ndl i ng c ows i n a c a l m, s t r e s s f r e e e nvi r onme nt i s good f or c ows , pe opl e a nd mi l k pr oduc t i on. Pr e ve nt i nj ur y t o a ni ma l s by ma i nt a i ni ng f a r m f a c i l i t i e s ( f e nc e s , t r oughs , mi l ki ng s he ds ) i n s a f e wor ki ng or de r .
  9. 9. 4. 3 Freedom f rom pai n, i nj ury & di sease Whe n ma ki ng br e e di ng de c i s i ons f a r me r s s houl d c ons i de r t r a i t s s uc h a s e a s e of c a l vi ng, c onf or ma t i on a nd t e mpe r a me nt . Da i r y c ows s houl d r e c e i ve r e gul a r he a l t h c a r e c he c ks a nd pr e ve nt i ve t r e a t me nt s s uc h a s • Da i l y obs e r va t i on pr i or t o a nd dur i ng mi l ki ng a nd a ny c ha nge i n he a l t h i s ha ndl e d i mme di a t e l y. • Pos t c a l vi ng i ns pe c t i ons t o e ns ur e c ompl e t e r e c ove r y f r om bi r t h. • Compr e he ns i ve di s e a s e pr e ve nt i on t r e a t me nt s . • Dr e nc hi ng t o pr e ve nt wor ms • Va c c i na t i ng a ga i ns t di s e a s e s Rout i ne da i r y hus ba ndr y a s s oc i a t e d wi t h
  10. 10. 4. 4 Freedom t o express normal behavi our Pr ovi de a n e nvi r onme nt t ha t a l l ows c ows t o r e ma i n i n t he i r na t ur a l s oc i a l or de r whe n c omi ng i nt o t he da i r y. Re c ogni z e t ha t e a c h a ni ma l i n t he he r d i s a n i mpor t a nt a s s e t a nd s houl d be c a r e f or , pr ot e c t e d a nd va l ue d. Re c or d i ndi vi dua l a ni ma l ’ s pe r f or ma nc e t o de t e r mi ne t he nor m. Re c or ds t o ke e p i nc l ude • Br e e di ng de t a i l s • Mi l k pr oduc t i on r e c or ds • Body we i ght a nd f e e di ng l e ve l • Va c c i na t i ons , i l l ne s s a nd t r e a t me nt s
  11. 11. 4. 5 Freedom f rom f ear and di st ress Ani ma l s i n i nt e ns i ve f a r mi ng s ys t e ms a r e r e l i a nt on huma ns f or mos t of t he i r ne e ds , r e qui r i ng pe opl e wi t h knowl e dge a nd e xpe r i e nc e a nd t he obs e r va nc e of hi gh s t a nda r ds . The r e s houl d be a s uf f i c i e nt numbe r of t r a i ne d a nd we l l - mot i va t e d pe r s onne l wi t h pr a c t i c a l a bi l i t y, knowl e dge a nd pr of e s s i ona l c ompe t e nc e t o ma i nt a i n a ni ma l he a l t h a nd we l f a r e a nd e ns ur e t ha t t he phys i c a l , he a l t h, a nd be ha vi or a l ne e ds of a ni ma l s a r e me t . Good s t oc kma ns hi p i s c r uc i a l a nd r e qui r e s pe opl e who a r e c ompe t e nt a nd we l l - t r a i ne d,
  12. 12. 5. Concl usi on Sound da i r y hus ba ndr y de l i ve r s good a ni ma l we l f a r e . Good s t oc kma ns hi p a nd we l f a r e go ha nd i n ha nd. Cow we l f a r e a nd mi l k pr oduc t i on be ne f i t f r om ha ndl i ng pr a c t i c e s t ha t c r e a t e a c a l m, l ow s t r e s s e nvi r onme nt . Ens ur i ng c ows a r e he a l t hy i s a n e s s e nt i a l e l e me nt of good we l f a r e . The mi l ki ng r out i ne e na bl e s c ows t o be i ns pe c t e d r e gul a r l y a nd i f i l l , t r e a t e d e a r l y be f or e t he i r we l f a r e i s c ompr omi s e d. Da i l y moni t or i ng of mi l k pr oduc t i on
  13. 13. 5. Concl usi on Ani ma l we l f a r e c a n be a s s ur e d or e nha nc e d by f ol l owi ng good ma na ge me nt pr a c t i c e s . The Wor l d Or ga ni z a t i on f or Ani ma l He a l t h ( OI E) gui de l i ne s on a ni ma l we l f a r e ha ve be c ome • t he i nt e r na t i ona l r e f e r e nc e f or a ni ma l we l f a r e i n t he t r a de of a ni ma l s a nd pr oduc t s a nd t he c ont r ol of e r a di c a t i on of a ni ma l di s e a s e s . • a gui de f or t he de ve l opme nt of na t i ona l a nd r e gi ona l a s s ur a nc e pr ogr a ms • a ba s i s f or bi l a t e r a l a gr e e me nt s be t we e n OI E me mbe r c ount r i e s . Ani ma l we l f a r e s t a nda r ds s houl d e ns ur e t ha t t he ne e ds of a ni ma l s a r e me t by
  14. 14. THANK YOU

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