WHAT IS A RESUME?
A resume is a one page summary of
your skills, education, and experience.
The resume acts much like an
advertisement for a company trying to
sell something. The resume is your
"a brief biographical
résumé of one's career
and training, as
prepared by a person
applying for a job.“
More common term in the
"a brief written account of
experience, as that
prepared by an
applicant for a job."
More common term in the
WHY DO I NEED A CV?
Many employers will ask for one
Think of your CV as a brochure designed to
Take some time and effort and create a really
great CV - it will be worth the effort
In an application form you are limited in what
you can say about yourself - you can only answer
the questions that are asked
In your CV, you are in control. Take advantage of
this and show yourself in the best possible light
YOUR CV IS A WORK-IN-PROGRESS
Keep a master CV,
which is updated
cumulatively as you
progress in your
add to it only when
you have new
delete from it only as
older items appear
less significant in the
light of new
Each time you apply
for a job, make a copy
of your master CV:
edit the copy to reflect
requirements of the
job you are applying
keep careful records
of what was
submitted for which
WHAT SHOULD I PUT IN MY CV?
how have you spent your life so far?
what have you achieved?
what are you currently doing?
what have you learnt from what you have done in the past?
where do you want to end up?
how do you plan to get there?
It is good to have a career goal. It indicates that you are
ambitious and are taking your career seriously.
Your goal should be ambitious but achievable.
You should be knowledgeable about what your goal
entails, and be prepared to discuss it at interview.
You should have a realistic plan for achieving your goal
The job for which you are applying should be part of that plan.
How have you spent your life so far?
schools and colleges attended (with dates)
qualifications attained (with dates and grades)
employers and job titles (with dates)
student/vacation work (with dates)
What have you achieved?
Do you have any sporting achievements?
Do you play a musical instrument? Do you play in a band or
Are/were you a member of any student clubs societies?
Have you undertaken any voluntary work?
Have you ever won any prizes or awards?
Have you taken a leadership role or position of responsibility
to any of the above?
Subject or industry specific skills:
For an IT professional you might list the
programming languages that you
have used - indicating your level of experience in
If you are a school teacher you might list the subjects
and levels at which you have taught.
Generic or transferable skills:
Can you write well?
Can you communicate effectively on the telephone?
Can you fit in to their team?
Are you reliable?
Can you be trusted with money?
Do you have any leadership ability?
HOW SHOULD I ORGANISE MY CV?
Use bullet point - or short paragraphs - within each of these
Personal Details - simple, factual information.
Career Goal - this section is optional but if you decide to
include it, be prepared to discuss it at interview.
Educational History - bullet point your progress (with
Employment History - bullet point your progress (with
Skills and achievements - say when & how you have
Referees - make sure you ask their permission first
Leisure Activities - this section should be kept fairly short
unless you have something very interesting to say.
Within each section, put more recent items above older
THE PERSON READING YOUR CV IS
... so use structure, layout and formatting to help him.
Keep the structure, formatting and layout simple,
logical and consistent.
Use layout such as white space, indentation and
to emphasise important information such as dates
to enable the reader to scan quickly to the information he is
Keep the text of each item brief but self contained.
Your CV should normally be no longer than two sides.
Do not use a font that is smaller than 11 point Times
New Roman (or equivalent) - 12 point is even better.
USE POWERFUL WORDS I
USE POWERFUL WORDS II
USE POWERFUL WORDS III
sense of humor
WHICH CANDIDATE IMPRESSES YOU
"I gained considerable
experience in dealing with
the public during my
summer job as
receptionist for the
Ramada Hotel, Portrush.
This involved responding
to enquiries on the
telephone and registering
guests on arrival. I feel
much more confident in
dealing with the public
"I am good at
dealing with the
WHICH CANDIDATE IMPRESSES
"I want to spend four
years working in web
development to get
experience of the
technologies and the
business. After that I
intend to become an
"I'm not really sure
what I want to do. I
thought about web
design but then I didn't
know if there would be
any jobs. Maybe I'm
more suited to