Uruguay galain

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Uruguay galain

  1. 1. ENERGY POLICY 2030: nal RENEWABLE ENERGYCOMMITMENT IN URUGUAY Ramón Méndez Secretary of Energy Uruguay
  2. 2. OVERVIEW OF URUGUAY
  3. 3. Country name: República Oriental del UruguayLand area: 176,215 km2Population: 3.3 million inhabitantsAnnual growth rate: 0.3 %Density: 18.8 inhabitants/km2Life expectancy: 76 yearsInfant mortality rate: 7.7/1000 (22.8 in Latin Am)
  4. 4. ECONOMICALLY SUSTAINABLE
  5. 5. SOCIALLY SUSTAINABLE
  6. 6. EDUCATIONALLY SUSTAINABLE “One laptop per child” program Only country in world to meet goal of full countrywide coverage of school-age children and teachers
  7. 7. ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE Source: IEA
  8. 8. THE ENERGY SECTOR IN ASTRONGLY GROWING COUNTRY
  9. 9. ENERGY FIGURESTotal Energy Consumption 3,107 ktoeEnergy Consumption / inhabitant 0,93 toe/inhabElectrification 98,7 %Mean annual power demand 1,050 MWPeak power demand (july 5 2011) 1,747 MW
  10. 10. FRAMEWORK AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND • Uruguay has: - no oil - no natural gas - no coal • Almost no space for new large hydropower plants (75% of present electric mix)  High dependency on oil: imports represented 27% of total imports of Uruguay
  11. 11. ENERGY POLICY 2030 2008: Council of Ministers 2010: Special Committee including all Political Parties • Four strategic guidelines • Short, medium and long term goals • More than 30 working areasMultidimensional and integrated vision, including technological,economic, geopolitical, environmental, ethical and social factors
  12. 12. STRATEGIC GUIDELINES Institutional  Directive role of the Government with a stable and transparent regulatory framework for both State owned and private companiesSupply Energy mix diversification, reducing share of oiland increasing the participation level of non-traditional renewable energies, with incentives butno subsidies
  13. 13. STRATEGIC GUIDELINES (continue) Demand  Energy Efficiency in all energy sectors, all economic activities (transport, building, industry) and at all educational levels.Social Adequate energy access toall citizens as a human right
  14. 14. WHAT HAVE WE DONE? WHAT ARE WE DOING?INVESTMENT OPORTUNITIES
  15. 15. BUILDING THEAPPROPRIATE FRAMEWORK
  16. 16. BUILDING CAPACITIES• Strengthening energy planning capacities• End-use energy survey: 108 homogeneous groups• Measurements and potential maps (wind, solar, biomass, cogeneration, saving)• Graduate Courses in Energy (Universidad de la República)• R&D Energy Fund: 2.6 MMUS$ / year (ANII)• Package of Laws and Decrees• Investment Promotion Law (RE and EE tax incentives)
  17. 17. EXPECTED INVESTMENTS (2011-2015)6.2 billion dollars (16% of GDP) • 2.4 billion public sector • 3.8 billion private sector or public-private parternship
  18. 18. WIND ENERGY• 0 MW in 2007• First wind farms installed today (4% of average power demand)• Goal 2015: 600 MW installed (55% average power demand)• Tender processes / 20 years contracts• 946 MW offered in the 1st tender (6:1) (january)• 1097 MW offered in the 2nd tender (7:1) (august)• Price: 62 - 64 USD/MWh (no subsidies!)• Up to 44% domestic participation
  19. 19. BIOMASS HEAT AND POWER • First 8 power plants already installed (16% of average power demand) • Fuel: forestry, rice, bagasse, black liquor • 50% - 60% domestic participation • Feed in Tariff Decree (no subsidies!) • No power limit
  20. 20. WASTE TO ENERGY PROGRAM• Input: agriculture, industries, cities (Uruguayan agroindustry produces large amounts of organic waste)• Output: biogas, heat, electricity Developing an ambitious program (GEF financed Project) 2015 goal: 30% of agroindustrial waste used to produce energy
  21. 21. SOLAR ENERGY- Solar thermal promotion Law- Heat water capacities replacement (Public Utility funding)- 1 MWp PhotoVoltaic pilot farm
  22. 22. GRID-CONNECTED MICROGENERATION • Uruguay: first country in Latin America to enable grid-connected renewable microgeneration • Net metering contract
  23. 23. BIOFUELS Biofuels + Electricity + Human Food + Animal Food + Social Sustainability 2013 Goals: E10 / B5
  24. 24. ENERGY EFFICIENCY POLICIES (HIGHLIGHTS)
  25. 25. ENERGY EFFICIENCY• EE promotion law• National EE Master Plan• Labels• Audits• EE Garantee Fund• Energy saving credits (boosting EE investments)• Tax redefinition• Public sector (audits, managers, plans, lamps, labels, transportation)• Wide educational and cultural program
  26. 26. ENERGY INTENSITY (koe/US$) ENERGY / GDP (TOE / 1000 $)
  27. 27. ALL TOGETHER:2015 ENERGY MIX
  28. 28. GLOBAL PRIMARY MIX 2015 53% RENEWABLE
  29. 29. ELECTRIC MIX 2015 OTHERS 1% LNG 8% WIND BIOMASS 15% 13% HYDRO 63% 90% RENEWABLE
  30. 30. Electricity cost according to rain probabilities73 US$/MWh 46 US$/MWh DECREASING ENERGY COST
  31. 31. Electricity cost according to rain probabilities 25 US$ spread69 US$ spread DECREASING CLIMATE DEPENDENCE
  32. 32. Thank you for your attention …Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency in Uruguay: Increasing sovereignty and reducing energy cost 69 US$ spread 25 US$ spread DECREASING CLIMATE DEPENDENCE DECREASING ENERGY COST director@dne.miem.gub.uy

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