Surrealism final presentation


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Surrealism final presentation

  1. 1. Dan Adsit<br />Liz Ferrill<br />Erin Fowler<br />Surrealism<br />Surrealism<br />Liz Ferrill<br />Dan Adsit<br />Erin Fowler<br />6th hour<br />
  2. 2. Background<br />Founded in 1924 by André Breton (Surrealist Manifesto)<br />Manifesto stated: it was the means of uniting the conscious and unconscious realms<br />The world of dream and fantasy would be joined to the everyday rational world in a “surreality”<br />Emphasis on psychic automatism: artist using the interplay between free creation and unconscious where there is no conscious control<br />Major artists include Dali, Magritte, Man Ray, Ernst, and Miró<br />
  3. 3. History<br /><ul><li>The revolution took place through the medium of automatic writing
  4. 4. Automatic writing: continuation of writing without thinking what is beneath your pen, writing as fast as you can, choosing a letter to begin a sentence at random
  5. 5. Gave an outlet for repressed</li></ul> thoughts and instincts<br />
  6. 6. History Cont.<br /><ul><li>Dadaism provided a “vital staging point”
  7. 7. Considered to be the pre-Surrealist phase
  8. 8. Surrealism has a lighter spirit than Dadaism
  9. 9. December 1, 1924: La Revolution Surrealistewas the “the most shocking review in the world”
  10. 10. Two distinct groups emerge: Veristic and Absolute Surrealists</li></li></ul><li>Absolutev. Veristic<br />
  11. 11. History Cont.<br />Surrealists’ Goal: attempt to discover a super-reality <br />Tap into hallucinatory power of the irrational<br />Surrealist poets were reluctant to align themselves with visual artists (laborious process of painting, drawing, sculpting were at odds with spontaneity of uninhibited expression)<br />Surrealist movement in Europe dissolved with onset of World War II<br />Renewal in the United States around 1940<br />
  12. 12. Influences on Surrealism<br />World War I<br />World War II<br />Dada<br />Heisenberg<br />Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung<br />Einstein<br />
  13. 13. JoanMiró<br />Background and Timeline<br /><ul><li>Born in Barcelona </li></ul>(1893)<br /><ul><li>Referred to as the</li></ul> “most Surrealist <br />of us all” by Andre<br /> Breton<br /><ul><li>Disciplined, orderly, </li></ul>reliable, punctilious <br />man<br />
  14. 14. JoanMiró Timeline<br />1913-17: Fauvist influence-Close objects with bright, broken colors, decorative ornaments<br />1918: Detailistic phase/poetic realism (farms)<br />“The Farm”<br />(1921)<br />
  15. 15. JoanMiró<br />1923: Move toward sign-like forms, geometric shapes, overall rhythm<br />1924: joined Surrealist group led by breton (never completely integrated himself) <br />1927-28: Images crowded, gradually simplified<br />“Horse, Pipe, and Red Flower”<br />(1920)<br />“Air”<br /> (1930)<br />
  16. 16. JoanMiró<br />1930s: Experimentation with<br /> materials, dropped all traditional<br /> practices<br />1950: Mottled and “painterly” <br />background, touches of color<br />but mostly black and white<br />1950-70: Monuments and sculptures<br />“Figurgegen rote Sonne II”<br />(1950)<br />“Lunar Bird”<br />(1945)<br />
  17. 17. Constellations<br />
  18. 18. Miró:Paintings<br />Influenced by:<br />Catalan folk art (flat, 2-dimensional, natural forms)<br />Romanesque church frescoes in native Spain<br />Crude execution, simple, flat, cartoon-like images<br />Primary colors with thick black boundary<br />Dark surrounding field<br />Memory, fantasy, “hunger hallucinations”, informalism<br />Grattage: partial images (complete image in mind of viewer), scrap paint off canvas with a trowel, increase texture<br />Concentrated interest on the symbol embedded in piece<br />
  19. 19. Miró:Paintings<br />Paintings have a whimsical, humorous quality (like a 5 year old’s drawings)<br />Differences of scale (largest object is most important)<br />Playfully distorted animal forms, geometric constructions, organic shapes<br />Limited range of bright colors<br />Overall type composition: encompass entire canvas evenly<br />Movement (curves, organic forms)<br />Characterized by body language and freshness<br />
  20. 20. Harlequin’s Carnival (1924-1925)<br />
  21. 21. Still Life with Old Shoe (1937)<br />
  22. 22. The Garden<br />
  23. 23. SalvadorDali<br />“Every morning upon awakening, I experience a supreme pleasure: that of being Salvador Dali”<br />1904-1989<br />
  24. 24. Dali’sBeginningPaintings<br /><ul><li>Landscapes, houses, olive trees, portraits, boats
  25. 25. Bright and exuberant colors
  26. 26. Influenced by cubism, psychology, and philosophy
  27. 27. Finds comfort in art from ambiguous sexuality
  28. 28. Encouraged by Roman Pichot
  29. 29. “The Sick Child” (1915)</li></li></ul><li>Mother’sDeath<br /><ul><li>Switched from portraits and landscapes to images that reflect his tormented soul
  30. 30. Influenced by Neo-Cubists, Impressionists, and Realists, Hieronymus Bosch’s landscapes of hell</li></ul>“Garden of Earthly Delights” (1515)<br />
  31. 31. MeetingPicasso (1926)<br />“Figure on the Rocks” (1926)<br />“Apparatus and Hand” (1927)<br />
  32. 32. Un ChienAndalou(1929)<br /><ul><li></li></li></ul><li>“The Great Masturbator” (1929)<br />“The Enigma of Desire: My Mother, My Mother, My Mother” (1929)<br />
  33. 33. “DismalSport” (1929)<br />
  34. 34. ParanoiacCriticalMethod<br />Induced paranoid state <br />Gain greater understanding of world and reality<br />Work through obsessions with symbolism<br />“The Persistence of Memory” (1931)<br />
  35. 35. “TheEnigma of WilliamTell” (1933)<br />
  36. 36. PostSpanishCivilWar<br />“Soft Construction wit Boiled Beans (Premonition of War)” (1936)<br />“Autumn Cannibalism” (1936)<br />
  37. 37. PostWorldWarII<br />“Daddy Long Legs of the Evening-Hope!” (1940) <br />
  38. 38. NuclearMysticism<br /><ul><li>Mysticism: Energy behind Roman Catholicism
  39. 39. Paintings become more comprehensible to public
  40. 40. Reflects growing interest in Catholicism and in post WWII science and physics
  41. 41. Heisenberg replaces Freud as “father”</li></ul>“Galatea of the Spheres” (1952)<br />
  42. 42. “The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory” (1954)<br />
  43. 43. “The Hallucinogenic Toreador” (1970)<br />
  44. 44. AndreBreton<br />Writer/poet<br />Published magazine, La Révolutionsurréaliste<br />One of the founders and leaders of the Surrealist movement<br />Main Style:<br />Automatic writing<br />
  45. 45. “Les Champs magnétiques(The Magnetic Fields)”(1920)<br />First piece to employ automatic writing<br />
  46. 46. TheSurrealistManifesto (1924)<br />“pure psychic automatism whereby one’s intention is to express, either verbally or in writing, or in any other way, the real functioning of thought”<br />
  47. 47. LesVasescommunicants (The Communicating Vessels) (1932)<br />Aimed to establish the existence of close connections between dreams and the waking state<br />
  48. 48. ManRay<br />- “I photographed as I painted, transforming the subject as a painter would”<br />- “I do not photograph nature. I photograph my visions”<br />Experimented with new photography procedures:<br />Rayograph: photographs without a camera<br />-Also experimented with writing, painting, and Surrealist objects<br />
  49. 49. “Le Violond'Ingres” (1924)<br />
  50. 50. Untitled Rayograph(1922)<br />
  51. 51. “Electricity”(1931)<br />
  52. 52. “The Gift”(1921)<br />
  53. 53. ReneMagritte<br /><ul><li>“An object is not so attached to its name that we cannot find another one that would suit it better”
  54. 54. Founded Belgian Surrealist Group, member of Breton’s group in Paris
  55. 55. Juxtaposed ordinary objects in an extraordinary way </li></ul>- Methodical in his painting, had mastered the traditional art styles<br />
  56. 56. Querelledesuniversaux (1928)<br />
  57. 57. Latrahisondesimages (The Treachery of Images) (1929)<br />“This is not a pipe”<br />
  58. 58. “The Portrait”(1935)<br />
  59. 59. “Golconda” (1953)<br />
  60. 60. “The HumanCondition” (1933)<br />
  61. 61. ImpactofSurrealism<br />
  62. 62. Picasso<br />“Guernica”<br />
  63. 63. AbstractExpressionism: Gorkey<br />“The Liver is the Cock’s Comb” (1944)<br />“Garden in Sochi”<br />
  64. 64. AbstractExpressionism: Pollock<br />“Autumn Rhythm #30, 1950” (1950)<br />
  65. 65. Neo-Expressionism: Clemente<br />“Water and Wine” (1981)<br />
  66. 66. Sculpture: Hans Arp<br />Human Concetion Series<br />
  67. 67. Sculpture: Calder<br />“Lobster Trap and Fishtail”<br />
  68. 68. Photography: Brandt<br />“London Child”<br />
  69. 69. Fashion: Elsa Shirapelli<br />“Shoe Hat”<br />“Lobster Dress”<br />“Skeleton Dress”<br />
  70. 70. Politics<br />Directly: joining or aligning themselves with radical political groups, movements, and parties<br />Indirectly: emphasize link between freeing imagination and the mind from archaic social structures<br />New Left of the 1960’s and 70’s<br />French revolt of May 1968<br />
  71. 71. Literature: Joyce<br />Stream of consciousness style of writing<br />