multicellular organisms that are plant-like in
incapable of photosynthesis because they
they absorb nutrients from other living
organisms or decaying organic matter.
their bodies are described as thallus.
MYCOLOGY is the study of fungi
The cell wall of fungi is made up of chitin
The fruiting body of a
The body of a fungus is
(a mass of threadlike
The hyphae absorbs
nutrients from the surface.
the process called
budding or spore
Sporogenesis is the term
used to refer to the
of reproduction via
Reproduction via spores
involves the spreading
of the spores by water
They are mostly terrestrial in
habitat, living in soil or on
decaying plant or animal
Zygomycota are commonly
thought of as bread molds,
but there are many species
of fungi within this
The Zygomycota take their
name from their method of
involving the production of
leading to the production
Rhizopus stolonifer is more commonly known as black bread mold.
is a mold that lacks chlorophyll, is non-motile, filamentous, and a
decomposer of organic material.
They are mostly saprophyte growing on various things like bread,
jams, pickles, cheese, moist food stuffs, leather goods, soft fruits
Ascomycota, also called sac fungi, a phylum
of fungi (kingdom Fungi) characterized by a saclike
structure, the ascus. It is within the ascus that
nuclear fusion and meiosis take place.
Like other fungi, Ascomycota are heterotrophs and
obtain nutrients from dead or living organisms.
Ascomycota can make spores sexually (ascospores)
Conidiospores are fungal spores that are produced
asexually on the conidiophore.
a microscopic, UNICELLULAR organism.
Yeast is necessary to make leavened
bread, beer, cheese, wine, and whiskey.
Yeasts are found in the soil, in water, on
the surface of plants, and on the skin of
humans and other animals. Like other
fungi, yeasts obtain food from the
organic matter around them; they
secrete enzymes that break down the
organic matter into nutrients they can
Mildew is defined as a
usually whitish growth
minute fungal hyphae
especially on living
plants or organic
matter such as wood,
paper or leather.
The morel (Morchella) is a
genus of edible cup fungi.
Although sought-after as good
edible fungi, morels should
always be well cooked before
eating and never be eaten
raw. They contain toxins
which are denatured by heat,
and if eaten raw can cause
multicellular, sexual or
asexual, and terrestrial or
The most diagnostic feature
is the production
of basidia (sing.
basidium), which are the
cells on which sexual
spores are produced, and
from which the group
takes its name.
Calvatia gigantea, commonly
known as the Giant puffball,
a puffball mushroom commonly
found in meadows, fields, and
deciduous forests worldwide
usually in late summer and
autumn. It is common
throughout Europe and North
All true puffballs are
considered edible when
immature, but can cause
digestive upset if the spores
have begun to form, as
indicated by the color of the
flesh being not pure white
(first yellow, then brown).
produce shelf- or bracketshaped fruiting
bodies called conks.
They are mainly found
on trees (living and dead)
andcoarse woody debris, and
may resemble mushrooms.
The division Deuteromycota is also called
the Fungi Imperfecti or Imperfect Fungi.
This group of fungi produces their spores
Fungi producing the antibiotic penicillin and
those that cause athlete's foot and yeast
infections are imperfect fungi.