The Evolution of Anthropolgy<br />
Explaining Human Behaviour<br />Psychology: unconscious motivations<br />Neuropsychology: brain chemicals<br />Anthropolog...
Understanding Ourselves<br />How do we explain?<br />Religion<br />Science<br />Human Behaviour<br />History<br />Literatu...
Evolution of Anthropology<br />Social Darwinism<br />Scientific Study	<br />Functionalism<br />E mile Durkheim  <br />Cult...
More Evolution<br />Neo-evolutionary <br />Cultural Materialism	<br />Cognitive approach<br />Biology is the common unifie...
Evolutionary view:Social Darwinism<br />Before Darwin, religious ideas were the source of our understanding about ‘evoluti...
Might = Right<br />Justification for colonialism<br />Days of the slave trade<br />
Eugenics + Scientific Racism<br />People who can dominate<br />others are inherently superior<br />Dangerous armchair <br ...
Scientific Approach<br />Franz Boas <br />Geologist, scientist <br />Collected data + scientific method<br />Study of Euro...
Structural Functionalism<br />Emile Durkheim<br />Sociology influences anthropology<br />Culture is like a machine/body <b...
Rain Dance<br />What’s the point if it doesn’t work?<br />Manifest vs latent function<br />It works in hidden ways<br />
Neo-Evolutionary Approach<br />Different paths to evolution<br />Function of how we extract energy from the planet<br />Cu...
Beginnings of cultural relativism<br />Hunter/gatherers produce less than farmers<br />One is not necessarily better than ...
Cultural Materialism<br />From Marxist thinking<br />Culture is understood by the material restraints on it<br />Pigs in F...
12 units of vegetable protein = 1 unit of meat protein<br />Meat is a luxury<br />Pigs destroy roots<br />
Feminist Anthropology<br />What about the gatherers?<br />Women interpret history differently<br />Tools or relationships?...
Culture is ...you finish this sentence<br />
Culture is...<br />transmitted<br />inherited<br />Evolution<br />?<br />biological<br />ecological<br />
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The evolution of anthropolgy

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A very brief, and very quick look at the history of anthropology's theories

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The evolution of anthropolgy

  1. 1. The Evolution of Anthropolgy<br />
  2. 2. Explaining Human Behaviour<br />Psychology: unconscious motivations<br />Neuropsychology: brain chemicals<br />Anthropology: culture is everything<br />
  3. 3. Understanding Ourselves<br />How do we explain?<br />Religion<br />Science<br />Human Behaviour<br />History<br />Literature<br />Anthro<br />
  4. 4. Evolution of Anthropology<br />Social Darwinism<br />Scientific Study <br />Functionalism<br />E mile Durkheim <br />Culture is the product<br />Of people interacting with institutions <br />Functions like parts of a machine or body<br />Franz Boas <br />Collect data<br /> study people<br /> scientific approach <br />Develop hypothesis and <br />Gather data<br />Charles Darwin<br />Edward Tylor<br />Hebert Spencer<br />Evolutionary ideas about culture <br />Misuse of Darwin’s idea<br />Survival of the fittest=<br />justification<br />For inequalities<br />
  5. 5. More Evolution<br />Neo-evolutionary <br />Cultural Materialism <br />Cognitive approach<br />Biology is the common unifier <br />Marvin Harris<br />Cultural relativism <br />Cultures develop in adaptation to a specific geography and ecology<br />Example: Jared Diamond<br />
  6. 6. Evolutionary view:Social Darwinism<br />Before Darwin, religious ideas were the source of our understanding about ‘evolution’ and man’s behaviour<br />Hebert Spencer + Edward Tylor misused <br />Darwin’s ideas to justify<br />Laissez-faire social policies<br />Eugenics and ‘scientific racism<br />come from this time<br />
  7. 7. Might = Right<br />Justification for colonialism<br />Days of the slave trade<br />
  8. 8. Eugenics + Scientific Racism<br />People who can dominate<br />others are inherently superior<br />Dangerous armchair <br />anthropologist<br />
  9. 9. Scientific Approach<br />Franz Boas <br />Geologist, scientist <br />Collected data + scientific method<br />Study of European immigrants<br />They’re not inferior, just bad diets<br />Primitive languages are not primitive,<br />Just different<br />Beginnings of cultural relativism<br />
  10. 10. Structural Functionalism<br />Emile Durkheim<br />Sociology influences anthropology<br />Culture is like a machine/body <br />Interdependent parts<br />5 institutions work together <br />Culture = homeostasis<br />Brings respect for cultural differences<br />Doesn’t explain war, chaos, revolutions<br />
  11. 11. Rain Dance<br />What’s the point if it doesn’t work?<br />Manifest vs latent function<br />It works in hidden ways<br />
  12. 12. Neo-Evolutionary Approach<br />Different paths to evolution<br />Function of how we extract energy from the planet<br />Culture = adaptation to its ecology<br />Jared Diamond<br />Lots of energy=larger social group<br />
  13. 13. Beginnings of cultural relativism<br />Hunter/gatherers produce less than farmers<br />One is not necessarily better than the other<br />Question of adaptation to context<br />Beans in the Arctic?<br />Strategy for survival = ecological context<br />
  14. 14. Cultural Materialism<br />From Marxist thinking<br />Culture is understood by the material restraints on it<br />Pigs in Fertile Crescent<br />Sacred Cows in India<br />
  15. 15. 12 units of vegetable protein = 1 unit of meat protein<br />Meat is a luxury<br />Pigs destroy roots<br />
  16. 16. Feminist Anthropology<br />What about the gatherers?<br />Women interpret history differently<br />Tools or relationships?<br />
  17. 17. Culture is ...you finish this sentence<br />
  18. 18. Culture is...<br />transmitted<br />inherited<br />Evolution<br />?<br />biological<br />ecological<br />

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