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Humanistic psychology third force


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A brief intro into the ideas of Rogers and Maslow.

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Humanistic psychology third force

  1. 1. The Psychology of HumanismThe Third Force Carl Rogers & Abraham Maslow
  2. 2. Growth & Health• Uniqueness of a person’s values and experiences• person-centered• Humanism’s assumption = people have an innate desire for growth
  3. 3. Growth perspective• Freud’s starting point:• unconscious desires• Man’s basic irrationality• Growth is resolving• neurotic conflicts
  4. 4. Carl Rogers• The ‘self’ is our overall perception of our abilities throughout time (how you see yourself)• SELF CONCEPT• This self emerges from individual experiences with the world.
  5. 5. Real Self Real Self - what a person is capable of becoming in an ideal worldUnconditional positive regard “I love you no matter what” Can you say that to yourself and mean it?
  6. 6. Ideal selfIdeal Self - not shapedonly by personal desires but by also by other people’s desires and idea of our self worthWho do you wish you were?
  7. 7. self-actualized person
  8. 8. Organismic valuing• Actualizing tendency• We like what we need. If we trust our instincts, we will eat and behave in ways that contribute to our well being.• We evolved to favour colours because they indicate ripeness in fruit.
  9. 9. Positive Regard• We value and need positive regard from others but we also need it from ourselves- positive self regard
  10. 10. conditional positive regard• External measurement of a person’s worth are everywhere conditions of worth• Powerful behavioural shaper.• We need positive regard from others, even if it means (sometimes) not acting in our own best
  11. 11. conditional positive regard• Over time, this conditioning leads to conditional positive self-regard.• “I like myself only when I measure up to standards others have imposed.”
  12. 12. rogers - Ideal Self
  13. 13. Pause the video• and ask yourself these questions...• Is it possible to have unconditional positive regard for others?• What is the role of boundaries and conditions in relationships?• Is it possible to have and give this to yourself?
  14. 14. Abraham Maslow• Terrible childhood• Alcoholic father• Abusive mother• Both were miserly and unloving• Set out to model his own life against successful people
  15. 15. Virtues of Self actualized people• Reality-centered• Enjoyed solitude• Autonomous• Resisted conformity• Humble• Respectful• Value deep connections
  16. 16. Albert Einstein“Few are those who seewith their own eyes and feel with their own hearts.”
  17. 17. Eleanor Roosevelt Great minds discuss ideas,average minds discuss events, small minds discuss people.
  18. 18. Portrait of success• Open to new experiences• Constantly evolving and growing• A love of learning
  19. 19. Hierarchy of NeedsGrowth depends onfulfillment of needs atevery level
  20. 20. growth orientationFocus on what you can doinstead of what you can’t Rick Hansen’s Man in Motion Tour
  21. 21. Summary• Rogers > our natural state is good. Pay attention to that in order to become your true self.• Maslow > Anyone can achieve their potential. Do not focus on unmet needs but look at what you have instead.