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A very brief summary of Mihaly Csikzentmihalyi's book: Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience

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  1. 1. The Flow Experience<br />MihalyCsikszentmihalyi<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/jjjohn/2679781930/in/photostream/<br />
  2. 2. His Work and Research<br />
  3. 3. Prof Csikszentmihalyi<br />Born in Croatia, this Hungarian <br />Psychology professor at the University of Chicago<br />is known for his studies on creativity and<br />happiness. He is one of the notable<br />Researchers in the field of<br />positive psychology. <br />
  4. 4. Perfect Balance<br />Factors determining FLOW<br /> The challenge level matches the skill level. <br />A high challenge with low skill produces anxiety but with high skill might produce FLOW if other conditions are optimal.<br />
  5. 5. Eight Optimal Factors for FLOW<br />
  6. 6. Necessary Criteria for Flow<br />The people interviewed by Csikszentmihalyi all spoke about these components<br />More than 8,000 subjects, from all walks of life<br />Remember these 8 and apply them<br />
  7. 7. Clarity of Goals<br />
  8. 8. No conflicts or confusion about what you have to do. <br /> What are the impediments to the clarity of goals? (Unconscious sabotage? “Fear of success”)<br /> How can clarity of goals make our activities/work more satisfying?<br />How can you make your goals clear?<br />1. Clarity of Goals<br />
  9. 9. 2. Immediate & Clear Feedback<br />Gives constant information about performance<br />Know immediately how to alter performance for optimum results<br />Enhances the focus on the activity<br />If this is not present, we might relax or become disinterested in the goal/activity<br />What experience do you love and engage in where you have immediate and constant feedback?<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/warrencountyoh/3730376856/in/photostream/<br />
  10. 10. 3. Challenge = Skill<br />
  11. 11. Challenge = Skill<br /> When skill level meets challenge, we begin to love the activity, even if at first we did not. <br /> How do you feel when the task/challenges appears to be impossible?<br />Is it always impossible? <br />How can you best gauge your skill level (realistically) without selling yourself short?<br />
  12. 12. 4. Focus is all<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/h-k-d/3942293740/<br />
  13. 13. 5. Escape into the present<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/jjjohn/2259210770/in/photostream/<br />
  14. 14. 6. Choose the Edge for Optimal Growth<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/adulau/5723190948/AlexandreDulaunoy<br />
  15. 15. Self Merges<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/apgroner/509530558/sizes/z/in/photostream/<br />
  16. 16. 7. Transcendence<br />Absorption into the activity<br />Loosening of the ego consciousness<br />Brain can only process 120 bits of information per second and total focus will often result in a reduced “body sense”<br /> Forget yourself to find yourself: recall the flow experience and the sense of self-esteem is improved<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamesjordan/1501451576/<br />
  17. 17. 8. Time is Transformed<br />Jjjohn’sphotostream on Flickr<br />
  18. 18. Time wraps itself around your experience. So much is packed into the flow moment; a few seconds might seem like many minutes; many hours might feel like a few minutes.<br />jjjohn’sphotostream on Flickr<br />
  19. 19. What Will You Do to Cultivate Flow?<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/davemorris/39862978/sizes/z/in/photostream/<br />
  20. 20. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience<br />People who learn to control inner experience will be able to determine the quality of their lives, which is as close as any of us can come to being happy.<br />MihalyCsikszentmihalyi, Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience, 1990<br />