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  1. 1. A World of Training and Simulation Solutions. Instructional Systems Trey Cooper Sr. Manager, Instructional Systems Oct., 2005
  2. 2. TSS Competencies <ul><li>Training Systems Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Systems Analysis, Design & Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetic Environments & Modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation Visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation Computational Architectures </li></ul><ul><li>Desktop Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Mission Planning Systems </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Instructional Systems Development </li></ul><ul><li>Academics / Instructional Media </li></ul><ul><li>Training Management Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Training Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Contractor Logistics Support </li></ul><ul><li>Support Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Mission Planning Systems </li></ul>Total Training and Support Capability Cost – Effective Systems For Our Customers Analysis Development Design Implementation Evaluation
  4. 4. <ul><li>Operator and Maintainer Training Systems </li></ul><ul><li>- Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>- Design </li></ul><ul><li>- Development </li></ul><ul><li>- Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>- Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor Based Training </li></ul><ul><li>- Courseware Development </li></ul><ul><li>- Courseware Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Based Training (CBT) / Interactive </li></ul><ul><li>Mutimedia Design (IMI) </li></ul><ul><li>- Stand Alone </li></ul><ul><li>- Computer Aided Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Products </li></ul><ul><li>- Advanced Distributed Leaning (ADL) </li></ul><ul><li>- Sharable Courseware Object Reference Model (SCORM) </li></ul><ul><li>- SCORM Compliant Process </li></ul><ul><li>- SCORM Compliant Development </li></ul>Instructional Systems
  5. 5. <ul><li>Aptitude & Performance Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>HLA/SCORM Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Performance Support Systems (EPSS) </li></ul>Research Areas
  6. 6. Aptitude and Performance Assessment <ul><li>Aptitude testing for selection </li></ul>Performance In Training Performance On the Job To validate our training Same aptitudes affect training and job performance <ul><li>Aptitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial </li></ul><ul><li>Aptitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial </li></ul>Performance On the Job Performance In Training “ Work sample” testing for selection To validate our training Same aptitudes affect training and job performance <ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Device </li></ul><ul><li>HLA </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>CBT </li></ul><ul><li>Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Aircraft </li></ul>
  7. 7. Measuring Complex Aptitudes <ul><li>Performance data collection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collected standard objective measures, e.g., actions taken </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To assess SA, obtained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Periodic judgments on the classification of the contact – perception and comprehension </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Periodic judgments on the threat posed by contact – projection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Final assessment of the classification and information used in this classification – perception and comprehension </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Study demonstrated significant limitations in operator SA and aided in the development of controls and displays to counter these effects </li></ul><ul><li>Complex aptitudes, measured by desktop simulations, can be used in the selection process </li></ul>
  8. 8. HLA/SCORM Integration <ul><li>LMS launches assessment module </li></ul><ul><li>Module sends High Level Architecture (HLA) packet to initialise simulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of HLA increases reuse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Candidate flies approach and landing </li></ul><ul><li>Performance data returned to the assessment module via HLA </li></ul><ul><li>Performance data communicated to LMS via ADL methods </li></ul>
  9. 9. Desktop Simulation and Assessment Interoperability (HLA/SCORM cont.) <ul><li>Practicality of work sample testing increased by automated performance assessment and recording </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) defines standard methods to communicate performance data to a Learning Management System (LMS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glide slope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Desktop simulation and assessment make work sample testing for pilot selection efficient and effective </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is an EPSS? EPSS Defined as: “ An electronic performance support facility that is able to access and manipulate large amounts of task-related information in order to provide workers with a dynamic task mentoring and problem solving capability as well as opportunities for continuous learning .”
  11. 11. Electronic Performance Support Systems (EPSS) <ul><li>Create Data Once Maximize Reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Context of data based on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User Situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Just in time training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Documentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School House </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User Skill Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User Experience </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Concept - Holistic Support Information TD T School House Tech Doc & Data IETMs with linked Training Training CBT/CAI with linked IETMs Electronic Support information Pack Produced as defined output IPT Platform Maintenance Facility Dynamic Assembly Data Selection of contextual information for particular activity Training Tech Docs & Data Maintenance Inventory Platform ------ ---- Specific Data Other support data and links Produced as OTF context focused output EPSS Structured Knowledge Base - information linked with Training and IETM
  13. 13. Integrated Data Environment and EPSS <ul><li>Right Information at the right time to the right individual in the right way </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Data/Information System </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of today’s data delivery systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EPSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IETP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CBT/WBT/Synthetic Training </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Content Repository Computer Based Training IETM EPSS Customer Vision
  15. 15. EPSS Modes <ul><li>Training Mode </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-task training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Option to apply competency filtering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interacts with the LMS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support Mode </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed training snippets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embedded with task context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not necessarily tracked or filtered </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Design Solution <ul><li>Electronic design tools in a Shared Data Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Mix of new-to-service, commercial-off-the-shelf and legacy equipments </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on re-use of information </li></ul><ul><li>Exploit throughout in-service life </li></ul><ul><li>= key requirement for </li></ul><ul><li>Information Management ‘through life’ </li></ul>
  17. 17. EPSS Technical Requirements <ul><li>The Electronic Performance Support System (EPSS) shall be A task based system with access to training and other support information </li></ul><ul><li>The EPSS shall be capable of displaying data / content authored at varying levels of granularity </li></ul><ul><li>The EPSS shall be capable of re-using content objects according to rules determined by content authors. </li></ul><ul><li>The EPSS shall have a training mode delivery of content structured for classroom/study situations </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>The EPSS shall be capable of displaying / interacting with S1000D data modules / documents. </li></ul><ul><li>The EPSS shall be capable of displaying / interacting with ADL SCORM compliant data. </li></ul><ul><li>The EPSS shall comply with ADL SCORM LMS interface standards. </li></ul><ul><li>The EPSS shall be capable of displaying content written in HTML and XML (with a valid DTD). </li></ul>EPSS Technical Requirements (Cont)
  19. 19. Integration Issues <ul><li>Granularity of Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content Objects will vary from very granular to very coarse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All levels of Granularity must be identifiable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identification of Content (Metadata) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on LOM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional S1000D tags </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage all Information SCOs as well as S1000D DMs </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. ADL Vision
  21. 21. Putting It All together What’s It Look Like <ul><li>100100100001111010010010010010001010101010010010101010100101010101001010101010100010010010010101001111000101001001010010101010111010101010100010010101010010100101001001010010101001010100101010101001010101001001010100100101010101001010010101010101010101010001010101001010101010101001000101010101000101010101010101010100001101001001010100101001010010100101001010010000011111110100010010100010101001010010001010100101001010010001010101011110101010101001010101010010100010010101010010100101010101001010101111101001010100101010 </li></ul>
  22. 22. Demonstrated at IITSEC 2004 <ul><li>Fighter Training Center, End-to End </li></ul><ul><li>“ From Instruction to After-Action Review” </li></ul>Instruction Review Task Training Task Reinforcement Execution <ul><li>Instruct the mission </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Based Training </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot Proficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Training Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Perform the mission </li></ul><ul><li>Hands-on </li></ul><ul><li>Induce Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Review the mission </li></ul><ul><li>Debrief </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate </li></ul><ul><li>Score </li></ul>Task Proficiency
  23. 23. Demonstration Components <ul><li>F/A-18 TTTD Cockpit with 11C PD Load </li></ul><ul><li>BigTAC Threat Env </li></ul><ul><li>F-15 DMT IOS </li></ul><ul><li>Brief/Debrief Prototype </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission Playback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cockpit Repeaters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large Screen Displays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Synthetic Env Server </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrain Height </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Visual System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Screen Forward Projection System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CIGI Multi-Purpose Viewer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elmendorf Terrain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer-Based Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hands-on, 3D instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video based instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Management System tie-in </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. With a Little “Flare” <ul><li>Learning Management System Score tracked scores throughout the day </li></ul><ul><li>Top 10 Aviators posted on an electronic billboard viewable throughout the booth </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 200 people participated in the Fighter Training Center – it was a huge draw and success! </li></ul><ul><li>Much positive response – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TSS demonstrated how we integrate concepts using our advance training technologies </li></ul></ul>