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1
Identifying
knowledge/
research
Gap
(final
version)
flickr/faultfind_48
A bit about me
2
Outline
Why is it
important?
Literature
search
Literature
review
Research
question
3
Share it!
Meet Mr. Skinny Leg
4
1. PhD student, early 30’s, with no funding
2. Becoming PhD because:
a. Ridiculously in love with sc...
Why is it important?
> focus
5
● To align your perspective
● To make a boundary for your research
● To have an idea the st...
Why is it important?
> Research cycle
6
What you being
told
7
Pixabay CC-0
vs
Reality
8
flickr/SaschaChua
CC-BY
Why is it
important?
> Research cycle
Why is it important?
> common problems
9
● don’t know where to start
● lack of self-confidence
● letting time answers you
...
Why is it important?
> proposed solution
10
● wake up!
● start from the EAST:
○ start (E)arly
○ start with your core (A)bi...
Why is it important?
> summary
11
Having a bad plan is still good. It means you’re being prepared -- Irawan (2017) CC-0
Me...
> brain storming!
12
Literature search -
review - research
question
> how are they linked
13
Click the pic
Start with literature search
> the basics
● play around with your keywords
● use:
○ multiple dbase (free and paid dbase)
○...
Literature search
> the objectives
1 -- to provide scientific basis
15
Literature search
> the objectives
2 -- to clarify ideas
16
Literature search
> the objectives
3 -- to find 3rd
party data and methods
17
Literature search
> the objectives
4 -- to identify existing
knowledge and issues
18
Literature search
> the objectives
5 -- to evaluate and re-evaluate plan
19
Literature search
> what to do?
1 -- comprehensive search
20
Literature search
> what to do?
2 -- use multiple database
21
Literature search
> what to do?
3 -- take notes on keyword usage
22
Literature search
> what to do?
4 -- take notes on the
sum of search results
23
Literature search
> what to do?
5 -- set some preliminary
criteria
24
Literature search
> what to do?
6 -- sort search results
Eg: most cited, high altmetric score etc
25
Literature search
> what to do?
7 -- visualise search results
(please refer to my article
https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.2.e9...
Literature search
> what to do?
8 -- define scoring system
27
Literature search
> what to do?
9 -- trim down the list
eg: peer-reviewed articles only, etc
But you might be amazed by se...
Literature search
> the tools (database)
29
Literature search
> the tools (preprint server)
30
Literature search
> the tools (preprint server)
31
Literature search
> the tools (preprint server)
32
Literature search
> the tools
33
Literature search
> summary
34
To sum up:
- Use multiple dbase
- There’s nothing like one
set of keywords
- Take note of t...
> brain storming!
35
flickr/nist6dh
CC-BY
Literature review
> selecting papers based on scores
36
Rachmi et al. (2017) Overweight and obesity in Indonesia: prevalen...
Literature review
> selecting papers based on criteria
37
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.02.002
Literature review
> selecting papers based on criteria
38
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.02.002
Literature review
> keywords
39
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.02.002
Literature review
> keywords
40
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.02.002
Literature review
> mindmapping
41
source
Literature review
> mindmapping
42
source
Literature review
> mindmapping
43
● Useful guidelines:
○ Literature search form [PDF / DOC]
○ Literature review
Then formulate research question
> good research question
is it:
● interesting?
44
Then
formulate
research
question
> good research
question
is it:
● a new issue? or a
contribution to
previous research?
45...
Then formulate
research question
> good research question
is it:
● researchable and measureable?
46
flickr/william_warby
Then formulate research question
> good research question
is it:
● feasible? (given time frame, resources, skills, etc)
47
Then formulate research question
> good research question
is it:
● too broad or narrow?
48
49
source
50
source
Orisinalitas dalam riset
> good research question
Berikut ini beberapa hal yang perlu
diperhatikan dalam menguji orisinali...
52
Share it as you go!
> why bother?
visibility
53
comments
and feedback
scientific
profile
collaboration
contributionself ar...
Share it!
> what to share?
54
Share it!
> share your paper collection
55
my example in
multivariate
anlysis
Share it!
> share your paper collection
56
my example in
hydrology
Share it!
> share your paper collection
57
my example
Funding
show
me
the
money!
58source
Funding
show
me
the
money!
59
- important but not
everything
- you can start a
research based on
creativity
- but you may ...
Funding
show
me
the
money!
60
- visit related website in your university
(example)
- national level funder Kemristekdikti,...
Share it!
> preprint, post print
- INARxiv
- articles on preprint:
- mine on Medium
- How to make your own work open acces...
Thank you.
Inviting questions and comments
62
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Knowledge gap identification

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Slide ini menjelaskan berbagai hal yang terkait dengan identifikasi kesenjangan pengetahuan yang menjadi bahan utama penyusunan pertanyaan riset (research question). Ditayangkan pertama kali dalam acara Workshop Pergubi 6-7 Oktober 2017. di Aston Braga

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Knowledge gap identification

  1. 1. 1 Identifying knowledge/ research Gap (final version) flickr/faultfind_48
  2. 2. A bit about me 2
  3. 3. Outline Why is it important? Literature search Literature review Research question 3 Share it!
  4. 4. Meet Mr. Skinny Leg 4 1. PhD student, early 30’s, with no funding 2. Becoming PhD because: a. Ridiculously in love with science and hoping that science loves me back b. It’s a chance to push my limit c. I love Ross Geller from friends 3. I love to learn something new but I don’t like rules especially if it holds back my creativity. 4. I love twitter, because I love to share stuff and I love to see others learning something from me. 5. And uh, I’m taken. Stickmen from Pixabay (CC-0)
  5. 5. Why is it important? > focus 5 ● To align your perspective ● To make a boundary for your research ● To have an idea the status of your research ● Meluruskan pola pikir ● Membuat batasan ● Mengetahui status riset
  6. 6. Why is it important? > Research cycle 6 What you being told
  7. 7. 7 Pixabay CC-0 vs Reality
  8. 8. 8 flickr/SaschaChua CC-BY Why is it important? > Research cycle
  9. 9. Why is it important? > common problems 9 ● don’t know where to start ● lack of self-confidence ● letting time answers you problem ● Mulai dari mana? ● Kurang PD ● Terlalu pasrah
  10. 10. Why is it important? > proposed solution 10 ● wake up! ● start from the EAST: ○ start (E)arly ○ start with your core (A)bility ○ start (S)imple ○ (T)iming is your ally
  11. 11. Why is it important? > summary 11 Having a bad plan is still good. It means you’re being prepared -- Irawan (2017) CC-0 Memiliki rencana yang buruk masih lebih baik. Artinya anda sudah bersiap.
  12. 12. > brain storming! 12
  13. 13. Literature search - review - research question > how are they linked 13 Click the pic
  14. 14. Start with literature search > the basics ● play around with your keywords ● use: ○ multiple dbase (free and paid dbase) ○ reference manager ○ google trend to evaluate 14 ● Bermain dengan kata kunci ● gunakan: ○ Beberapa dbase (gratis dan berbayar) ○ reference manager ○ google trend
  15. 15. Literature search > the objectives 1 -- to provide scientific basis 15
  16. 16. Literature search > the objectives 2 -- to clarify ideas 16
  17. 17. Literature search > the objectives 3 -- to find 3rd party data and methods 17
  18. 18. Literature search > the objectives 4 -- to identify existing knowledge and issues 18
  19. 19. Literature search > the objectives 5 -- to evaluate and re-evaluate plan 19
  20. 20. Literature search > what to do? 1 -- comprehensive search 20
  21. 21. Literature search > what to do? 2 -- use multiple database 21
  22. 22. Literature search > what to do? 3 -- take notes on keyword usage 22
  23. 23. Literature search > what to do? 4 -- take notes on the sum of search results 23
  24. 24. Literature search > what to do? 5 -- set some preliminary criteria 24
  25. 25. Literature search > what to do? 6 -- sort search results Eg: most cited, high altmetric score etc 25
  26. 26. Literature search > what to do? 7 -- visualise search results (please refer to my article https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.2.e9841) 26
  27. 27. Literature search > what to do? 8 -- define scoring system 27
  28. 28. Literature search > what to do? 9 -- trim down the list eg: peer-reviewed articles only, etc But you might be amazed by seeing the later slides on preprints. What is preprint? PeerJ. 28
  29. 29. Literature search > the tools (database) 29
  30. 30. Literature search > the tools (preprint server) 30
  31. 31. Literature search > the tools (preprint server) 31
  32. 32. Literature search > the tools (preprint server) 32
  33. 33. Literature search > the tools 33
  34. 34. Literature search > summary 34 To sum up: - Use multiple dbase - There’s nothing like one set of keywords - Take note of the search strategy
  35. 35. > brain storming! 35 flickr/nist6dh CC-BY
  36. 36. Literature review > selecting papers based on scores 36 Rachmi et al. (2017) Overweight and obesity in Indonesia: prevalence factors - a literature review. Public Health. 147. Pp 20-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.02.002
  37. 37. Literature review > selecting papers based on criteria 37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.02.002
  38. 38. Literature review > selecting papers based on criteria 38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.02.002
  39. 39. Literature review > keywords 39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.02.002
  40. 40. Literature review > keywords 40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.02.002
  41. 41. Literature review > mindmapping 41 source
  42. 42. Literature review > mindmapping 42 source
  43. 43. Literature review > mindmapping 43 ● Useful guidelines: ○ Literature search form [PDF / DOC] ○ Literature review
  44. 44. Then formulate research question > good research question is it: ● interesting? 44
  45. 45. Then formulate research question > good research question is it: ● a new issue? or a contribution to previous research? 45 Pixabay CC-0
  46. 46. Then formulate research question > good research question is it: ● researchable and measureable? 46 flickr/william_warby
  47. 47. Then formulate research question > good research question is it: ● feasible? (given time frame, resources, skills, etc) 47
  48. 48. Then formulate research question > good research question is it: ● too broad or narrow? 48
  49. 49. 49 source
  50. 50. 50 source
  51. 51. Orisinalitas dalam riset > good research question Berikut ini beberapa hal yang perlu diperhatikan dalam menguji orisinalitas dalam riset. 51
  52. 52. 52
  53. 53. Share it as you go! > why bother? visibility 53 comments and feedback scientific profile collaboration contributionself archiving
  54. 54. Share it! > what to share? 54
  55. 55. Share it! > share your paper collection 55 my example in multivariate anlysis
  56. 56. Share it! > share your paper collection 56 my example in hydrology
  57. 57. Share it! > share your paper collection 57 my example
  58. 58. Funding show me the money! 58source
  59. 59. Funding show me the money! 59 - important but not everything - you can start a research based on creativity - but you may also look for funding elsewhere
  60. 60. Funding show me the money! 60 - visit related website in your university (example) - national level funder Kemristekdikti, LPDP - international level funder Newton fund
  61. 61. Share it! > preprint, post print - INARxiv - articles on preprint: - mine on Medium - How to make your own work open access (Peter Suber, Indonesian translation) - How to make your research open access (Jon Tennant Matthias, Indonesian translation) - my repository on OSF - should we cite preprints? - is it OK to cite preprints? 61
  62. 62. Thank you. Inviting questions and comments 62

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