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Interoperability and standards adoption:  FAO’s inputs a) FAO’s experience in the development and adoption of standards b)...
a) FAO’s experience in the development and adoption of standards <ul><li>Various types of standards – FAO either leads dev...
a) FAO’s experience in the development and adoption of standards <ul><li>Minimum requirements for successful adoption of s...
<ul><li>SDMX is used to achieve specific objectives for statistical data exchange: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe data pro...
b1) Current SDMX developments <ul><li>FAO has gained experience with SDMX ... </li></ul><ul><li>... including perception o...
b2)  enhancing SDMX framework <ul><li>after 18 months of work on SDMX, including through collaboration with Eurostat,  </l...
b2)  enhancing SDMX framework <ul><li>in current FAO infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>   Facilitating the articulation of...
b2)  enhancing SDMX framework <ul><li>More potential for SDMX in D4Science infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>   additional...
c) a conjecture: how an e-infrastructure will help <ul><li>Context: evolving business needs </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem-ba...
c) a conjecture: how an e-infrastructure will help <ul><li>A scenario that will facilitate the adoption of standards (1): ...
c) a conjecture: how an e-infrastructure will help <ul><li>A scenario that will facilitate the adoption of standards (2): ...
For discussion in Networking session <ul><li>1. Which set of core standards for e-infrastructures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wh...
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Interoperability and standards adoption FAO’s inputs (ICT2010 Networking Session)

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Interoperability and standards adoption FAO’s inputs (ICT2010 Networking Session)

  1. 1. Interoperability and standards adoption: FAO’s inputs a) FAO’s experience in the development and adoption of standards b) Current SDMX developments c) A conjecture: how an e-infrastructure will help Marc Taconet, Anton Ellenbroek, FAO Networking session September 2010 Brussels (Belgium) www.d4science.eu D4Science-II project | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  2. 2. a) FAO’s experience in the development and adoption of standards <ul><li>Various types of standards – FAO either leads development, or adopts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>specific vocabularies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ASFIS list of species </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ASFA thesaurus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>name space vocabularies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AGMES: Agriculture Metadata Element Set </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FIMES: Fisheries Metadata Element Set </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exchange schemas (this later becomes less and less important in the Linked Open Data world) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AGRIS-AP: AGRIS Application Profile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FIMES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>description languages / methodologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RDF </li></ul></ul></ul>Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)
  3. 3. a) FAO’s experience in the development and adoption of standards <ul><li>Minimum requirements for successful adoption of standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve a “Community of Practice” reaching critical mass, motivated by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>common objective </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>value added services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for Metadata schemas, facilitate adoption: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>through Mediators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>facilitating the articulation of new standard with established practices and standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide capacity building in developing countries environments </li></ul></ul>Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)
  4. 4. <ul><li>SDMX is used to achieve specific objectives for statistical data exchange: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe data providers and their datasets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harmonize often poor and incomplete data and manage provenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extract and map codes and hierarchies using semantic technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transform data to reliable SDMX data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage SDMX data through a registry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disseminate data-sets </li></ul></ul>b1) Current SDMX developments Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)
  5. 5. b1) Current SDMX developments <ul><li>FAO has gained experience with SDMX ... </li></ul><ul><li>... including perception of its limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SDMX adaptation is limited by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>it’s a complex model, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the changing specifications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the non-comprehensive toolset </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the small size of the open source community </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>requires changes to ways we handle code lists: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. is required formal versioning and historical codelists management </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)
  6. 6. b2) enhancing SDMX framework <ul><li>after 18 months of work on SDMX, including through collaboration with Eurostat, </li></ul><ul><li>FAO-FI has taken action at FAO corporate level to overcome </li></ul><ul><li>... some of these limitations </li></ul><ul><li> Strengthening community of practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenSDMX initiated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FAO Corporate IT Division now contributes to this effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FAOSTAT3 will strengthen SDMX capabilities in FAO, and collaborating with FAOSTAT3 through OpenSDMX facilitates corporate level adaptation  </li></ul></ul>Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)
  7. 7. b2) enhancing SDMX framework <ul><li>in current FAO infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li> Facilitating the articulation of SDMX with established standards: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SDMX capabilities are strengthened with semantic technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible, easy to access data structures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RDF services to external applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible mapping and transformation services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate machine to machine communication </li></ul></ul></ul>Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)
  8. 8. b2) enhancing SDMX framework <ul><li>More potential for SDMX in D4Science infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li> additional mechanisms and services that facilitate third-parties in the implementation of standards </li></ul><ul><li>SDMX and XML technologies provide a solid base for the collection and management of observational data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D4cience offers transformation services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference data management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Registries offer discovery and access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration with geospatial services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RDF for machine to machine communication </li></ul></ul>Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)
  9. 9. c) a conjecture: how an e-infrastructure will help <ul><li>Context: evolving business needs </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem-based fisheries management  policy making increasingly based on multi-disciplinary information sources </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities: ever increasing power of e-infrastructures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an ecosystem of data infrastructures enables various communities to cohabitate; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>while each community specializes in its own domain, there is incentive to share and use services from other domains. </li></ul></ul>Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)
  10. 10. c) a conjecture: how an e-infrastructure will help <ul><li>A scenario that will facilitate the adoption of standards (1): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>by bolstering Transformation services that link across domains, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical, Environmental, GeoSpatial, Social, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: SDMX can support time-series data exchange, species data could use DarwinCore, AND they could refer to each other </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>more ecosystem services available will attract more users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>these users will be “passive” adopters of standards through mediators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Editing interfaces for registering time series in SDMX format </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Harmonization of vocabularies among existing classifications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the community which shares maintenance and development effort will seek to minimize the number of standards </li></ul></ul>Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)
  11. 11. c) a conjecture: how an e-infrastructure will help <ul><li>A scenario that will facilitate the adoption of standards (2): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>this move might be facilitated by the intrusion of semantic web and Linked Open Data (LOD) environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>high computing power will facilitate an increased development of LOD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>with LOD, adoption of standards focuses more on the strengthening of vocabularies and resource description framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in a LOD environment, data exchange schemas loose importance </li></ul></ul>Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)
  12. 12. For discussion in Networking session <ul><li>1. Which set of core standards for e-infrastructures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which are the major types of standards we think will have to be handled (eg SDMX, DarwinCore, Spatial standards, ISO19115, ....) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>which information domains can SDMX realistically fulfil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical time-series </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extend to observational data: vessel recordings, trade, species ? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Which role for Linked Open Data and RDF framework in e-infrastructures ? </li></ul>Networking session September 2010, Brussels (Belgium)

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