Ireland's high energy demands and, in particular, our heavy dependence on imported energy cannot be sustained in the years ahead. We import approximately 85% of our primary energy demand, with imported oil accounting for approximately 63% of final energy consumption, compared with an average of 44% across Europe. This over-dependence on external energy and our high use of fossil fuels have been the main drivers behind the government's energy policy framework: Delivering a Sustainable Energy Future for Ireland (DCMNR, 2007), a National Energy Efficiency Campaign (Power of One) and the range of energy services to the public sector and business that seai provides. Energy efficiency, awareness, sustainability and security of supply are now major issues that need to be addressed in Ireland. It is vital that we reduce our energy demand and the one way we can all contribute to this is through our own actions: in particular, we need to be more energy aware and energy efficient in our homes and workplaces. Through our actions we can collectively begin to make a noticeable impact. We need to reduce our dependency on imported energy, our over-dependency on the national electricity grid and our contribution to climate change.
This National Energy Efficiency Action Plan details the range of actions currently committed to by Government across all sectors of the economy. Between now and 2020 there will be additional initiatives. Future Action Plans in 2011 and 2014 will demonstrate our progress towards achieving our challenging targets.
Kinsale / Ballycotton gas is nearly exhausted Ireland is at the end of a very long pipe & is therefore very vulnerable to interruptions – either TECHNICAL failures or GEOPOLITICAL problems. Gas is difficult to store so an interruption could affect Ireland very fast Corrib gas is crucial but it will only last a few years and is tiny in the context of EU gas requirements Even if participants don’t use gas, remember that over half of Ireland’s electricity is generated from gas. This is the impetus for proposed Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal in Shannon Estuary – import gas by ship and store it in liquefied form The risks for Ireland: High prices because gas has to be transported so far Volatile prices Interruption to supplies
High & volatile energy prices impact on cost of doing business: Oil (diesel, fuel oil, gasoil) - Electricity – Gas Difficult (impossible!) to predict future short term prices. But energy prices are likely to generally trend upwards in the medium to long term.
Notes The 3 key drivers – Environment, Competitiveness & Security of Supply translate into the following drivers for action: Regulations Emissions Trading (EU ETS) Integrated Pollution and Prevention Licences (IPPC) Building Energy Rating (BER) Energy Using Products Directive Energy Services Directive Financial Electricity + 60% in 6 years Other fuels increasing too Environmental Demands from Customers / Clients Reduction of Carbon Footprint Cost of Carbon Emphasise the increasing pressure on costs, regulation and environment with respect to energy use
Energy is the use of Power for a length of Time Power is measured in kilowatts ( kW ) Time is measured in hours ( h ) Therefore Energy = Power ( kW ) x Time ( h ) which means Energy is measured in kilowatt hours ( kWh ) (Remember, energ y is measured hourl y ) Example: At 15 cents /kWh, it would cost 30 cents for every hour this 2 bar heater was left running was left running
Lighting (accounts for about 5% of our energy use) Do now Use task lighting Regularly clean light fittings, reflectors and lampshades Replace failed light bulbs with Compact Florescent Lamps (CFLs) when appropriate, some are dimmable and you should be ask for a ‘warm white’ colour When purchasing new light bulbs choose energy efficient CFLs, Infra Red Coated Halogen Bulbs (for spot lights). LEDs are becoming much brighter so trial one that’s appropriate to replace your existing spotlamp
Heating (accounts for about 60% of our energy use) Switch the heating system off earlier in the evening. Don’t have the heating system on for longer than you need in the morning Use boiler temperature controls (i.e. adjust dial between ‘min’ & ‘max’ on gas boilers) and internal thermostats to moderate heat output in response to weather conditions and internal temperatures A typical comfortable living room would be 20 0 C, and other rooms such as hallways and bedrooms would be between 15 0 C and 18 0 C Check 15-20cm of loft insulation is installed Keep doors in heated rooms closed Hot Water(accounts for about 25% of our energy use) Evaluate your routine of hot water demand. Set the lowest target possible for the length of time the immersion heater is used per day when the central heating is not in use, i.e. 1 hour in the morning and 2 hours in the evening, depending on your needs. Make sure your hot water cylinder immersion heater thermostat is working correctly and set to 65 0 C Prioritise use of shower over bath. A typical shower uses only one fifth of the energy of a full bath. Never leave a hot tap running unnecessarily. Ensure your hot water cylinder is properly lagged. A lagging jacket will keep the water hotter for longer.
Fridges & Freezers (appliances account for about 10% of our energy use) Evaluate and adjust fridge temperature settings Don’t let frost build up in the freezer compartment as this increases energy consumption. Defrost the inside of your fridge and freezer at least every 6 months Don’t put warm or hot food straight into the fridge or freezer, let it cool down first. Don’t leave the fridge door open for too long while getting food, for every 10-20 seconds the door is open it takes 45 minutes for the fridge to cool down to its original temperature. Allow air to circulate behind your fridge and clean 'fuzz' off the piping at the back. Small Power Loads (appliances account for about 10% of our energy use) Don’t leave equipment on standby; make sure they are fully switched off, e.g. TVs, PCs, DVDs, VCRs,Games Consoles, Satellite Box and Players/Recorders & kitchen appliances etc. Use one large power strip for your computer, broadband modem, scanner, printer, monitor, and speakers as they can be switched on and off easily at once. Switching off the monitor saves more than letting the screen saver run. Switch off all unnecessary electrical equipment and appliances at night Dishwashers use one-third less energy if you switch to a 55°C from a 65°C cycle. Appliances left on stand-by in an average Irish home result in 30 watts of electricity being wasted every day – and over one year, that equates to the energy needed to wash 220 loads in your washing machine.
Notes The 3 key drivers – Environment, Competitiveness & Security of Supply translate into the following drivers for action: Regulations Emissions Trading (EU ETS) Integrated Pollution and Prevention Licences (IPPC) Building Energy Rating (BER) Energy Using Products Directive Energy Services Directive Financial Electricity + 60% in 6 years Fuels +??% Environmental Demands from Customers / Clients Reduction of Carbon Footprint Cost of Carbon Emphasise the increasing pressure on costs, regulation and environment with respect to Energy Use
Notes PacifiCare Health Systems Inc is one of the largest health care companies in the US. In 1999, they established a claims processing centre in Letterkenny, Co. Donegal, which currently employs 360 people. In March 2006 PacifiCare decided to react to rising energy usage and costs. The facilities team were challenged to raise staff awareness and reduce the amount of energy wasted. By doing some research and calculations, (with the aid of the Energy Extra (ESB) website and power watt meters), to identify the energy used by office equipment when in use and when on standby, a review of consumption was done, this about the knowledge to make changes that produced savings immediately. A review of lighting, taking possible health and safety issues into consideration, was done, the timing of lights were aligned to office hours and security & cleaning staff procedures were changed so that lighting was only turned on and off in each area as required. Obsolete lighting fixtures were disconnected and removed. The heating/air conditioning temperature times were reviewed and adjusted, and the temperature was reduced; this change was unnoticed throughout the facility. An awareness campaign was launched, comprising of a questions and answers session with all staff, incorporated an in-house energy awareness competition, supported and sponsored by the ESB Account Manager, which raised awareness amongst staff and generated suggestions for future consideration. ‘Did you know….’ emails were sent to all employees, highlighting how energy is wasted. For example, ‘Did you know that if just 30 computers are left on every evening when you go home and through the weekend, the company will have to bear the extra annual cost of €2643.84. The only purchase for the project was two power watt meters costing €55 in total. The future looks BRIGHT here at PacifiCare and our motto going forward will be: “A Lot Done, More To Do!”. This energy awareness campaign has reduced electricity usage by 15% in just 9 months.
The roadmap to achievement A sustainable energy management programme is a result of embedding the 5 pillars of energy management into the day to day procedures of the company.
Introduction to the 5 Pillars Energy MAP is the Energy Management Action Plan from seai. It is an online tool which provides a step by step guide to creating a best practise action plan for your business. The 20 steps of Energy MAP are divided into of five pillars of excellent energy management: Commit , Identify , Plan , Take Action and Review . By registering online , you can create your own personalised Energy MAP plan which allows you track your progress through the 20 steps. Energy MAP was created for small and medium enterprises. By providing such a support tool it is hoped that SMEs will be in a position to implement best practice energy management strategies in their own sites. Remember it is a process of ongoing improvement, it may take 18 months to go through a full circuit, and then you go around again!
The importance of balance Time and time again it has been proven that the companies that are the most successful at reducing their energy costs do not solely rely on technical fixes. They take a much more holistic approach involving the entire workforce and by demonstrating leadership from the top.
Explain what’s in the pack Explain that they need to read the Guide as they progress through the workbook. It is insufficient to read the workbook only.
Sustainable Energy Authority Of Ireland
Energy Management A way to reduce organisational costs and release more funds to service delivery Noel Burns-Consulteco
<ul><li>Energy use in Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>The Case for Energy Management </li></ul><ul><li>The Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Support from SEAI </li></ul>Contents
Energy use in Ireland <ul><li>Fossil fuels accounted for 96% of all energy use in Ireland in 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>We import almost 90% of our primary energy demands </li></ul><ul><li>In these tough economic times we spend €6bn on energy imports! </li></ul>
<ul><li>Energy efficiency is recognised as one of the most cost-effective ways to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels </li></ul>~90%
National planning <ul><li>Action Plan sets energy efficiency targets for business (20% reduction by 2020) </li></ul><ul><li>Roadmap for delivery of targets is set-out </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses 3 pillars of policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competitiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security of Supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul>
Natural gas supply sources Over half of Ireland’s electricity is generated from gas
Energy Prices: Oil 28 th August 2008: $147per Barrel
Environmental issues <ul><li>Real concern that human activities will change the basic conditions that have allowed life to thrive on Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Overwhelming scientific agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Still some uncertainty about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timing </li></ul></ul>
The case <ul><li>Service delivery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing costs, doing more with less, cash flow savings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security of supply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Price security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental Protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing legislation (Best available techniques, carbon tax etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emissions Trading (EU ETS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Pollution and Prevention Licences (IPPC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Energy Rating (BER) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Using Products Directive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Services Directive </li></ul></ul>
More for less <ul><li>Energy efficiency is about delivering the same service or activity but using less energy </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficiency means behavioural change with respect to energy wastage </li></ul>
Reducing energy waste at home <ul><li>Where does the energy go? </li></ul>
Reducing energy waste at home <ul><li>This is a 2 bar electric fire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each bar uses approximately 1 kWh of energy if left on for one hour </li></ul></ul>
Reducing energy waste at home <ul><li>Consider measuring your ‘live’ energy use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to install meters give instant feedback on energy consumption and costs </li></ul></ul>
Reducing energy waste at home <ul><li>Lighting </li></ul>Power of One: Case Study The Brennan Family Saving €110 per year
Reducing energy waste at home Replace 5 incandescent lightbulbs with 5 compact fluorescent lamps and you will save this 1000kg pile of coal
Reducing energy waste at home <ul><li>Space heating </li></ul>Power of One: Case Study The Meehan Family Saving €680 per year
Reducing energy waste at home <ul><li>Appliances </li></ul>Power of One: Case Study The Heffernan Family Saving €332 per year
Reducing energy waste at home <ul><li>Invest to save </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appliances: Only buy ‘A’ rated energy labelled products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs): These use a fraction of the electricity of an ordinary light bulb and last up to 10 times longer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulation: Insulating your attic and walls could save you 30-40% on your home heating bill. Visit www.seai.ie/hes for information on the Home Energy Saving scheme grants that can help. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heating System Upgrade: The Home Energy Saving scheme will also grant aid high efficiency boilers and heating control improvements. </li></ul></ul>
Reducing energy waste at work <ul><li>Exactly the same principles as at home </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce loads on the power systems </li></ul><ul><li>Switch off equipment when its not needed, at the end of the day or over lunch breaks, this includes lights,vending machines, heating and cooling etc. </li></ul>
Reducing energy waste at work <ul><li>Example: Medical insurance Group, Pacificare, developed an energy awareness campaign for its 380 staff in Letterkenny and saved 15% of its annual energy costs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The only investment was €55 on two plug-in energy watt-meters </li></ul></ul>
0 5 Years Costs If we keep on doing what we have been doing we will continue to get what we are getting!!! -25% -20% -15% -10% -5% 0 +5% Costs high = Audit Waste cutting, some investment Under control. Costs high again: Where’s that last audit? Here we go again!
0 3 Years Costs Investment Improved performance results from implementing a new approach (solution) onto the existing system Senior management commit to programme -20% -25% -15% -10% -5% 0 +5% Initial savings sustained Housekeeping first – then investment
Get the balance right Balance all 3 for a successful programme
Energy Management Programme <ul><li>Workbook based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workbook (blank) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample completed workbook </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tabs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Store additional information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes your Energy Manual </li></ul></ul>