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# Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm

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A demonstration of Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm by example

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### Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm

1. 1. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm <ul><li>Find shortest path from s to t. </li></ul>s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6
2. 2. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6        0 distance label S = { } PQ = { s, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, t }
3. 3. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6        0 distance label S = { } PQ = { s, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, t } delmin
4. 4. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9    14  0 distance label S = { s } PQ = { 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, t } decrease key  X   X X
5. 5. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9    14  0 distance label S = { s } PQ = { 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, t }  X   X X delmin
6. 6. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9    14  0 S = { s, 2 } PQ = { 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, t }  X   X X
7. 7. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9    14  0 S = { s, 2 } PQ = { 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, t }  X   X X decrease key X 33
8. 8. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9    14  0 S = { s, 2 } PQ = { 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, t }  X   X X X 33 delmin
9. 9. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9    14  0 S = { s, 2, 6 } PQ = { 3, 4, 5, 7, t }  X   X X X 33 44 X X 32
10. 10. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 6 } PQ = { 3, 4, 5, 7, t }  X   X X 44 X delmin  X 33 X 32
11. 11. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 6, 7 } PQ = { 3, 4, 5, t }  X   X X 44 X 35 X 59 X 24  X 33 X 32
12. 12. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 6, 7 } PQ = { 3, 4, 5, t }  X   X X 44 X 35 X 59 X delmin  X 33 X 32
13. 13. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 3, 6, 7 } PQ = { 4, 5, t }  X   X X 44 X 35 X 59 X X 51 X 34  X 33 X 32
14. 14. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 3, 6, 7 } PQ = { 4, 5, t }  X   X X 44 X 35 X 59 X X 51 X 34 delmin  X 33 X 32 24
15. 15. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 } PQ = { 4, t }  X   X X 44 X 35 X 59 X X 51 X 34 24 X 50 X 45  X 33 X 32
16. 16. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 } PQ = { 4, t }  X   X X 44 X 35 X 59 X X 51 X 34 24 X 50 X 45 delmin  X 33 X 32
17. 17. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 } PQ = { t }  X   X X 44 X 35 X 59 X X 51 X 34 24 X 50 X 45  X 33 X 32
18. 18. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 } PQ = { t }  X   X X 44 X 35 X 59 X X 51 X 34 X 50 X 45 delmin  X 33 X 32 24
19. 19. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, t } PQ = { }  X   X X 44 X 35 X 59 X X 51 X 34 X 50 X 45  X 33 X 32
20. 20. Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm s 3 t 2 6 7 4 5 24 18 2 9 14 15 5 30 20 44 16 11 6 19 6 15 9   14  0 S = { s, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, t } PQ = { }  X   X X 44 X 35 X 59 X X 51 X 34 X 50 X 45  X 33 X 32