Psychology journal 2

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Psychology journal 2

  1. 1. SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN FOUNDATION IN NATURAL AND BUILD ENVIRONMENT SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY – PSYC0103 JOURNAL Name: TEO CHONG YIH Student ID: 0314660 Program: FNBE APRIL INTAKE 2013 Assignment: Journal Lecturer: Miss Peng Chia Yee Date of submission: DECEMBER 17, 2013
  2. 2. December 10, 2013 The topic of today class is “conformity and group behavior”. Conformity is groups’ size of consistency to a point but it always will appear dissenter. However, there is only small group of dissenter when they meet with large group of conformer they started to become confidence less then finally obey and follow the conformer. According to Controversial landmark experiment in 1960 by Stanly Milgram there are some dissenter will call a stop but when examiner call them to keep on going the experiment most of the dissenter will obey and follow the instruction, only little amount of dissenter will stop. Besides, Miss Peng also told us about Zimbardo’s Prison experiment which shows the power of situations and situations appropriate behavior. The experiment shows that those students which act as a prison security police tend to gain power and take control over the prisoner, in opposite way those student which pretend as prison became weak and easy to be control this indicate the behavior change of a person when the situation given the power to the person. Besides, we also learnt about the influence of other people which so called bystander effect. The bystander effect is when people are less likely to help when they are in groups than when alone, this is because of diffusion of responsibility and ambiguous situation. After all, I feel that every time of our behavior is always affected by another people and situation, which will change our thinking and affect our decision making. So, I will ask myself whenever making a decision is it affect by the others.
  3. 3. November 19, 2013 Today topic is attitude and social judgments. Attitudes are positive or negative of object thoughts which include social issues, groups, institution, consumer product, and people. There are 3 components in attitude which is cognitive, affective and behavioral. The factors in changing attitude are source, message and receiver. Cognitive component is beliefs or idea, affective component is emotions feelings, and behavioral component is predisposition to act. Moreover, we also learnt about theories of attitude chance – learning. There are 3 conditioning which are evaluative conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning. Evaluative conditioning is about emotion or affective component, operant conditioning is open expression such as reward and punishment, and observational learning is monkey see monkey do. Operant conditioning is a form of learning in which response come to be controlled by their consequences. Miss Peng also shows us a Skinner box experiment to indicate the process of operant conditioning. Besides, I also learnt about type of reinforcement which consists of primary and secondary reinforcement. Reinforcement also can be classified into two types which is positive and negative reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is positive reasons which encourage us to do something in the other hand negative reinforcement is negative reasons which cause us to do something. I found that this lecture is very helpful which allow me to understand more about attitude of people and social judgment.

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