Water transportation

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Fundamental of transport

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Water transportation

  1. 1. Water Transportation
  2. 2. Advantages of Water Transportation   Cheap.  Minimum chances of traffic accidents and traffic hazard.  Requires cheap motor powers than for airplanes.  Possesses high load carrying capacity.
  3. 3. Disadvantages of Water Transportation      Limited functionality capabilities. Slow in speed. Difficult to monitor exact location of goods. High weather susceptible.
  4. 4. WAY Definition:Navigable rivers (once a main highway of communication) There are two types of water ways :-Inland waterways -Ocean waterways
  5. 5. Inland Waterways -Refer to using inland water bodies like rivers, canals, backwaters, creeks and etc. Ocean Waterways -Navigation along the coastal places and foreign countries take places with the help of ships.
  6. 6. Terminal • Definition - Station where transport vehicles load or unload passengers or goods • terminal for large vessels are the port. The function of the port are : - Seek shelter from stormy weather - A sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo - loading and unloading vessels
  7. 7. • - Factors in choosing terminal site : Customer requirement Operational requirement Community requirement Economic requirement
  8. 8. Unit of Carriage Definition:-The response to the requirement of a particular class of traffic moving on a particular way. -Every mode of transport have a unit of carriage in which the goods or passengers actually move.
  9. 9. Types of Unit of Carriage For Water Transportation • Ship large, costly unit of carriage • Carry wide variety of product • Represent the part ship building industry
  10. 10. MOTIVE POWER DEFINITION MOTIVE POWER IS AN AGENCY, SUCH AS WATER OR STEAM, USED TO IMPART MOTION USED TO IMPORT MOTION TO MACHINERY, A MOTOR, A MOVER

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