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RELINKING

the city, the river, & the heritage

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CARRIE FURNACE

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civic plaza & recreation space

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Relinking Carrie Furnace

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Carrie Furnace is a abandoned iron furnace that helped revolutionize Pittsburgh during the Steel Era. Today, the brownfield site exists as a void in the urban fabric.

The Monongahela River once thrived as an industrial corridor. The fall of the steel industry left the river corridor empty, polluted, and disconnected from local communities. The resurgence of public space along the Monongahela River provides vast opportunities for the city of Pittsburgh and those living in adjacent communities. The concept of this master plan will bring life back to the riverfront and reestablish connections to the river, the local communities, and the rich industrial history of the site. The mixed-use development will seamlessly integrate economic, recreational, ecological, and historical uses.

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Relinking Carrie Furnace

  1. 1. RELINKING the city, the river, & the heritage 0 CARRIE FURNACE RETAIL/ RESIDENTIAL MIXED-USE mo no concept statement Scale: 1”= 200’ 200 400 The Monongahela River once thrived as an industrial cooridor. The fall of the steel industy left the river cooridor empty, polluted, and disconnected from local communities. The resurgance of public space along the Monongahela River provides vast opportunities for the city of Pittsburgh and those living in adjacent communities. The concept of this master plan will bring life back to the riverfront and reestablish connections to the river, the local communities, and the rich industrial history of the site. The mixed-use development will seamlessly integrate economic, recreational, ecological, and historical uses. 800 b’ design narrative PRIMARY COMMERCIAL MIXED-USE ng The design of the site is centered around the idea of connections. Both physical and intangible connections are provided throughout the site. The design encourages users to reconnect with the river, the community, and most importantly the rich industrial heritage of Carrie Furnace. While a physical connection is provided to Carrie Furnace, repetition of elements and industrial materials will provide a strong link between the newly developed site and the past. The large central open space serves as a focal point in the design. The space incorporates a stormwater/rhizofiltration park to provide the a gathering space that is educational and an asset to the community. a’ ah ela riv b er RESIDENTIAL MIXED-USE CIVIC CENTER a site program • Mixed-use development incorporating residential, commercial, and retail uses. • Cooridors - pedestrian, complete street, riparian that run throughout the site to promote connectedness av • Open spaces - promote gathering, social interaction, and connection to the river and surrounding communities en ue id rankin pennsylvania 8th ge E. ra nk in br • Stormwater Infrastructure incorporated throughout the design as asset to the community vision Building # In its current state, the Carrie Furnace site leaves it rich industrial history buried within a disconnected and isolated landscape. The site currently exists as a void in the urban fabric, a piece that must be replaced to revitalize the surrounding neighborhoods that have been degrading since the loss of industry. As a small piece in a larger network of post-industrial sites, the redevelopment of Carrie Furnace is imperative in revitalizing local economies, relinking people with nature, and reestablishing ecological processes. The resurgence of public space along the Monongahela River provides vast opportunities for the city of Pittsburgh and those living in the adjacent communities. The rehabilitation of the site will serve as a template for brownfield remediation while carefully blending economic, ecological, recreational, and historical uses. Carrie Furnace offers a world of opportunities but is currently constrained by physical limitations. The site is disconnected from the river and the surrounding landscape and its historical significance is lost amongst these physical barriers. My vision for the site will capitalize on the opportunities presented by the location of the site, the potential to utilize the Monongahela River as an asset, and the potential to regenerate the historical significance through the design of the site. The design will provide visitors with the opportunity to reconnect with history, the river, and nature as the ecological processes are improved along the river and within the site. Community and public space will seamlessly integrate residential and commercial uses to promote a sustainable development. extend/expand Relinking Carrie Furnace with surrounding elements is the driving force behind the design. The design will extend pedestrian corridors to the furnaces and the river where people can reconnect with these historical elements visually and physically. The historically important connection to Homestead Works will be preserved through the conversion of the Hot Metal Bridge to a pedestrian corridor that connects the site to the already redeveloped Homestead site. This strengthened connection that has been unused for many years will expand the Rivers of Steel Heritage network by relinking the sites that once functioned together. The connection to the Three Rivers Heritage Trail will extend the experience along the Monongahela River that once functioned as an industrial corridor. The site will strive to connect to surrounding communities through public transportation and multimodal access. A pedestrian connection to Rankin that was used during the era of iron production will be preserved to evoke a historical experience for pedestrians entering the site. Together these connections will work together relink the site to the surrounding urban fabric while also connecting the local communities to the historical significance of the site and other sites along the Monongahela. design process entropy juxtaposition depopulation The design process began with inventory and analysis of current and historical functions of the site and surrounding landscape. Understanding the historical significance of the site and how it related to the industrial history of Pittsburgh was necessary before beginning design. Objects on site, a local cultural phenomenon, and an ecological pattern were used to derive inspiration for the design. The words entropy, juxtaposition, and depopulation were graphically abstracted to provide form and shape to begin the design. As the design progressed the idea of juxtaposition became more prevalent and stood out amongst the other areas of inspiration. A relationship between linear and organic forms connects areas within the site to the existing landscape and provides a changing experience for users just as industry changed the landscape that once existed. Footprint Sq. Foot Total Stories Retail Stories Comm. Stories Residential Stories Civic Stories 1 32774.65 7 1 3 3 0 2 14570.67 5 1 1 3 0 3 12368.42 5 1 1 3 0 4a 34973.36 4 1 3 0 0 4b 31768.45 1 0 1 0 0 5 4762.96 4 1 0 3 0 6 8883.56 4 1 1 2 0 7 16898.25 4 1 1 2 0 8a 24130.7 3 1 2 0 0 8b 20255.79 1 0 0 1 0 9 25349.16 7 1 3 3 0 10a 23847.22 4 1 2 1 0 10b 21063.04 1 0 0 1 0 11a 25724.98 3 2 1 0 0 11b 22251.49 2 0 0 2 0 12 15936.42 4 1 1 2 0 13 11958.83 4 0 0 4 0 14 10908.91 3 0 0 3 0 15 11958.83 4 1 0 3 0 16 16756.96 5 0 2 3 0 17a 24246.19 5 0.5 4.5 0 0 17b 21628.76 2 0 2 0 0 18 16735.5 4 1 0 3 0 19a 32361.08 4 0 0 4 0 19b 22533.93 1 0 0 1 0 20a 37056.44 5 0.75 4.25 0 0 20b 31141.99 3 0 3 0 0 21a 281255 0.5 4.5 0 0 0 21b 21885.38 2 0 2 0 0 22a 35557.72 4 0.5 3.5 0 0 22b 32763.76 2 0 2 0 0 23a 40926.839 4 0 0 0 4 23b 36755.91 1 0 0 0 1 23c 35063.54 1 0 0 0 1 24 19118.88 4 0.5 0 3.5 0 25a 30883.16 4 0.5 0.5 3 0 25b 26851.46 2 0 2 0 0 26 20094.36 8 1 4 3 0 27 11808.16 5 1 1 3 0 28 7914.38 5 1 0 4 0 29a 24041.39 3 1 0 2 0 29b 19118.88 1 0 0 1 0 30a 16372.56 3 1 0 2 0 30b 13656.34 1 0 0 1 0 31a 37656.21 3 0 1 2 0 31b 29546.81 2 0 0 2 0 32a 27495.14 3 0.75 0 2.25 0 32b 20367.57 1 0 0 1 0 33 18005.01 4 0 0 4 0 34 12860.73 3 0 0 3 0 35 12015.77 3 0 0 3 0 36a 21294.36 3 0 0 3 0 36b 12015.77 1 0 0 1 0 aerial perspective 1 2 5 8 3 4 10 6 7 15 11 12 14 9 17 16 18 13 20 21 19 22 26 23 site calculations 28 24 DWELLING UNITS PER ACRE: 21 FLOOR AREA RATIO: 1:1.12 RESIDENTIAL SQ. FT : 1700986.32 COMMERCIAL SQ. FT : 1476004.45 RETAIL SQ. FT: 512506.46 TOTAL: 3689497.23 RESIDENTIAL PARKING: 2,385 SPACES MIXED-USE PARKING: 7,954 SPACES OPEN SPACE: 29.8% CENTER DISTRICT: 10.8% 25 29 31 27 30 32 33 35 34 36 support graphics vehicular cirulation pedestrian open green/ civic plaza monongahela river stormwater hot metal pedestrial bridge complete street pedestrian corridor planting buffer riverfront park open space structures (historic landmark) SECTION A - A’ base monongahela river pocket park riverfront park SECTION B - B’ pedestrian corridor complete street planting buffer
  2. 2. corridors Scale: 1”= 30’ pedestrian corridor 0 30 60 120 mixed-use building concrete sidewalk corten steel arbor moveable cafe seating green wall connected flow-through stormwater planters limestone pavers exposed slag aggregate concrete paving band native plant material Perspective view showing a typical pedestrian corridor between buildings. These spaces exist throughout the the site to promote a connected and walkable community. These spaces lead to major landmarks and nodes on site that urge users to reconnect with nature, each other, and the rich industrial history of Carrie Furnace. seating benches graphic writing As Chris enters the pedestrian corridor he is greeted by a mix of restaurants, cafés, and retail shops. In the distance he again recognizes Carrie Furnace as the detached focal point of the corridor. He takes notice to the distinctive paving pattern that yields a juxtaposing character and it urges him to move into the space. Like the complete street, the same materials are repeated within this corridor to provide a connection to a rich industrial heritage. Large green walls near the edge of the corridor help soften the urban landscape as the space transitions from a sidewalk to a place of passive recreation and comfort. He walks, weaving in and out of the retail shops taking in all of the new opportunities the development has provided. Outside he finds one of the many seating benches to be vacant and decides to take a short break. Above him the ceiling plane is defined by shade trees creating a sense of escape and tranquility within the larger urban environment. He feels very relaxed and he looks down at the vegetation in the nearby planter and notices there is water sitting amongst the plants. These stormwater planters look different than others he has seen in other areas of Pittsburgh. They are shallow and more accessible to people offering an opportunity to interact with the plants. All around him people are relaxing on the seating benches, eating and being social while making use of the moveable seating provided within the space. Most people are using the corridor as a destination but some people are just passing through the space as they go elsewhere on the site. In the distance to his left he sees the large central open space and civic plaza and to the right is an extension of the corridor leading pedestrians to the museum at the Furnaces. Standing up from his short break he feels recharged and ready to continue to the museum. He continues through the corridor and crosses the street into the corridor extending to Carrie Furnace. He passes a pocket park where children are running and playing while their parents sit close by. He works his way to Carrie Furnace where a linear pedestrian plaza defines the entrance to the museum. parallel parking/ food truck event parking bus shelter and covered bike parking phytoremediation meadow open green reclaimed wood seating bench cor-ten steel I-beam limestone pavers concrete walk riverfront corridor The riverfront park runs the length of the site providing ample open space for recreational activities. The promenade parallels the Monongahela River and allows pedestrians to visually connect with the river and the former Homestead Works site across the river. The park is rendered in industrious materials to provide an aesthetic quality that ties the new development to the sites industrial heritage. After visiting the heritage museum Chris decided to explore the newly developed riverfront. He enjoys walking along the riverfront on the curvilinear paths that grow and shrink within each space. Mounded earth forms frame views of the river and create intimate spaces along the riverfront promenade. As he moves through the spaces he realizes that there are linear connections that cut through the earth forms. These connections are lines of force that extend to the river and reconnect people to the riverfront. He uses one of the connections to get down to the promenade. He sees the Hot Metal Bridge towering in the background. He feels as if the rustic industrial quality of the bridge fits well within this newly developed landscape almost as if the site has rejuvenated the bridge. He sees people crossing the bridge on bike and foot. Most of the people are coming to Carrie Furnace from Homestead, an area that Chris knows shares a historically significant connection with Carrie Furnace. He notices materials incorporated within the riverfront park are hard, rustic, and emphasize the industrial nature of the site. Although the materials are not typical in a modern landscape they are necessary to tell the story of the site. Chris walks the promenade passing many people sitting on the seating walls and interacting with the plants that are growing amongst the seating areas. As he approaches the bridge he sees a large gathering of people on a pier extending into the water. He joins the crowd and finds the pier above the Monongahela River relaxing and also historically significant. As he looks across the river he sees boats and kyakers sharing the river but most importantly to his right he sees the Homestead Works site. Most people around him had no idea that there was a connection between the two sites before Carrie Furnace was redeveloped. rain leader from green roof concrete walk Flow-through planters are implemented within the pedestrian corridor and along the complete street. Capturing runoff with stormwater planters reduces peak flow rates and reintroduces a more natural hydrologic cycle. Native plant material provides opportunities for water uptake and evapotranspiration. Overflow from the planters enters a cistern for reuse in other locations on the site. max. 6” ponding depth flow-through planter material palette/textures native plant material concrete seating wall w/ planters reclaimed wood riverfront promenade earth mounding formal tree bosque concrete wall overlook pier graphic writing limestone pavers irrigation pump exposed slag aggregate concrete bike lane Scale: 1”= 10’ local demolition materials reused as aggregate subbase RIVER 18” amended planting medium MONONGAHELA perforated drain pipe to storage cistern 40 impermeable liner 20 concrete planter box and footer 10 stormwater planter orchard pedestrian scale dark sky compliant lighting moveable cafe seating continuous stormwater planters 0 bus stop transportation center complete street limestone paver bands reclaimed wood Graywater from mixed-use buildings and surface runoff is collected and stored in an underground cistern. Water is pumped back into the buildings for reuse and it will also be used irrigate the landscape. Reusing graywater will reduce potable water use and reduce the cost of water used throughout the Carrie Furnace development. overflow to storm drain CISTERN concrete water reuse trench drain water reuse cor-ten steel surface runoff stormwater 49’ roadw ay and par k overflow ing 5’ stormw ate planter r 5’ bike lane 10’ sidew alk
  3. 3. open space Scale: 1”= 30’ civic plaza & recreation space 0 30 60 120 a’ f d h g b e c b b’ a a concept statement design spaces open green space provides an area a. Theactive recreational activities as well as for Derived from the original concept development stage of the project, the concept for the civic plaza/park ties together pattern, form, and function. The idea of juxtaposition is evident in the design where a mounded, naturalistic edge meets the defined linear pattern of the rest of the plaza. The pattern along the complete is repeated in the plaza to blend the environment of both spaces. Ideally, the complete street will function as an extension of the plaza and the social life of both spaces will be integrated. Connectedness is a theme relavent throughout the entire site and the plaza design strives to create conections to adjacet spaces. The pedestrian bridge connects the plaza to the Hot Metal Bridge and a major transportation route along the south bank of the Monongahela. Circulation patterns lead pedestrians to a central space that extends across the road and into the riverfront park. Sustainibility is a key aspect in the design of the plaza and all stormwater is collected, stored, and reused for the water feature and irrigation on site. Local materials of steel, stone, concrete, and reclaimed wood are used to preserve the rich industrial history of the site while also creating an aesthetically pleasing environment. planting plan details feature provides a c. The interactive water adults alike. Clean play area for children and large events. The space is planted with native turf grass to reduce maintanene costs and provide lush groundcover fit for human interaction. stormwater is pumped from an underground cistern into the water feature and runs off into the filtration water feature where it is recollected. filtration water feature b. The stormwater runoff and is cleansed by collects surface pedestrian bridge links the d. The Metal Bridge and the bicycleplaza to the Hot network a natural filtration system. Excess water is stored in an underground cistern for reuse on site central as a space e. The also as space funtionsspace gatheringthe and a transitional between f. of the greater Pittsburgh area. The bridge provides a direct link to Homestead Works, another redeveloped industrial site. plaza and adjacent areas. The space is lined with tall cor-ten steel light features that define the axis bisecting the site and extending into the riverfront park. Urban forest areas are repeated throughout the plaza. These pedestrian scale environments offer more a more intimate location within the plaza. The poplar trees extract contaminants from the soil and help combat the heat island effect and visual g. A mounded edge providesand adjacent buffer between the plaza road. A natural, organic planting design contrasts the strict geometry of the plaza and provides seasonal interest. f. The open spaces in the plaza encourage social interaction as people move through the space. These spaces will also serve as vendor spaces on particular days. site program • Passive and active recreational space • Urban forest to promote transpiration and reduce the heat island effect • Open green space for large events and active recreation • Visible stormwater management and interactive water feature • Stormwater storage and reuse PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT HS 140 sf EH 169 sf EH 180 sf DB 73 sf CY LD Pieces from the full planting plan showing the planting strategy for the mounded edge on the south edge of the plaza. The naturalistic planting design provides contrast to the strict geometry of the plaza. Sheet CS 270 sf CE 116 sf HS 222 sf CS 225 sf CS 146 sf DB 80 sf EH 180 sf DB 85 sf JO 3 CI 3 AG 46 sf PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT HS 135 sf CS 119 sf CE 187 sf CS 196 sf SA 57 sf CS 203 sf CS 226 sf CS 226 sf SA 31 sf CS 111 sf DB 26 sf CS 226 sf SH 16 sf CS 203 sf CK 138 sf CE 44 sf CS 226 sf CS 226 sf CS 226 sf Proj. # Detailed Landscape Plan 3 L-3 CS 131 sf CS 193 sf DB 80 sf HS 169 sf CS 240 sf CE 332 sf HS 215 sf Client: AG 58 sf RS 36 sf DB 91 sf PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT SA 48 sf match line a RS 46 sf DB 20 sf Location: CE 104 sf EH 116 sf Designer: SA 217 sf SA 17 sf 1 CI 5 Date: EH 197 sf Sheet HS 117 sf RS 24 sf SH 14 sf DB 63 sf CY LD SA 102 sf JO 3 SA 16 sf DB 17 sf CE 230 sf SH 50 sf CE 367 sf CS 113 sf CS 216 sf CI 3 JO 5 EH 243 sf CS 216 sf CS 191 sf CS 216 sf EH 237 sf CK 147 sf SH 33 sf SH 61 sf CS 191 sf HS 141 sf SA 231 sf CE 150 sf HS 195 sf CI 3 RS 84 sf CS 126 sf SA 99 sf RS 62 sf CK 92 sf Proj. # DB 61 sf HS 109 sf 2 Detailed Landscape Plan 4 CS 286 sf L-3 CE 381 sf The water feature serves as the focal point of the plaza. Water is collected in the stormwater filtration area and is cleansed and reused in the interactive water feature. The interactive water feature combines natural elements and materials to provide a play area for children. Detailed Landscape Plan 5 1 L-4 CS 226 sf CS 203 sf CS 131 sf CK 94 sf SA 163 sf EH 182 sf JO 5 DB 128 sf CE 177 sf Carrie Furnace CS 203 sf match line b match line a PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT CS 226 sf AG 103 sf HS 147 sf EH 143 sf DB 129 sf RS 44 sf SH 32 sf CS 131 sf CS 119 sf SH 23 sf SA 171 sf HS 92 sf CE 114 sf CS 174 sf Detailed Landscape Plan 6 2 3 L-4 PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT SH 133 sf CS 216 sf CI 3 CS 216 sf Carrie Furnace Designer: Client: DB 66 sf EH 349 sf RS 63 sf Location: HS 217 sf CE 108 sf SH 172 sf phytoremediation plant pallete Plants were picked based on aesthetic qualities, the ability to process heavy metals, PCB’s, and other contaminants left behind by past industrial use, and the ability to manage and cleanse stormwater. Detailed Landscape Plan 7 L-4 section a-a’ PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT walk Andropogon gerardii Dryopteris erythrosora Carex pennsylvanica section b-b’ raised edge to provide privacy within the park walk Scale: 1”= 10’ 0 10 20 walk open green space for active recreation and gathering. space is large enough to hold large events or two small events simultaneously walk stormwater filtration walk stormwater filtration CISTERN excess water drains to underground cistern where it is stored and reused in the interactive water feature 40 Betula nigra flow-through planter open plaza space. bike flow-through planter roadway with bike lanes both ways mounded edge creates buffer between plaza and road. terraced seating walls are incorporated along the edge face the plaza Robinia pseudoacacia Iris versicolor walk bike Populus deltoides bike PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT SA 168 sf CS 187 sf Date: RS 102 sf match line b CS 191 sf Rudbeckia subtomentosa

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