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LANDSCAPE DESIGN FOR
UTAH
Cynthia Bee, BLA
Class Topics
 What is a “waterwise” landscape
 How to Develop a Plot Plan
 Pre-Design Analysis
 Identifying Existing L...
“Zero-scape”
FAIL! But
almost
succeeded.
--Gray BAD
color choice
-- Lack of
green on
ground
plane.
Former
Kraftmaid
Cabine...
“DIY Blogger House”- SLC Parade of Homes
2012
Landscape Design: Cynthia Bee, Conservation Garden Park Installation: Aposhi...
Professional Landscape Plan
A Plan
doesn’t need
to be this
FANCY to be
FUNCTIONA
L!
Don’t be
intimidated,
jump in and
get ...
How to create a base map for your
landscape project the EASIEST way
possible!
How to Develop a Plot Plan
Plot Plan Base Map
 Tools:
 Plot plan from builder or City Building Dept.
 100’ tape measure
 Rolling tape measure
 G...
Google Maps- Base Map
Scale
Draw a line
feature will
measure lines
to scale
Google “Classic My Maps”
This Line is
37.59 feet
How to draw to scale
Scale means that one measurement
is substituted with another equally but
smaller. Scale for plans is ...
Graph Paper is Your Friend
Graph paper is an easy way to
draw to scale for homeowners.
1. 1. Count the number of
squares w...
Basic Plot Plan
Design
starts with a
scaled ‘Plot
Plan’ that
includes the
dimensions
of all
relevant
objects on
the proper...
Site Analysis
 Orientation
 Site Conditions
 Soils
 Sun
 Wind
 Slopes
 Drainage
 Views
Needs Assessment
Site Concerns:
 End of day sun on back
patio- too hot/bright.
 Back of house is hot in the
afternoon.
...
Consider Maintenance
 How much time are you REALLY interested in
spending maintaining your yard?
 Are you morally advers...
Additional considerations for existing
landscapes.
Pre-Design Analysis, Existing
Conceptual Ideas
Additional Information Required
 Identify locations of plants, structures and
hardscape (patios etc.) that will be retain...
Exist. Sprinkler
1. 1. Head
Locations
.
2. 2. Group
by Zone
3. 3. Type
of Head
4. 4. Pipe
Sizes
As interpreted by Cynthia
Landscape Psychology
Why We Love Lawn!
- Sea of Green
rests the eye
between busier
plantings.
--Conveys a
lushness
indicating
abundance to our
...
Other Possibilities
Left: Ice Plant in full bloom.
Above: Creeping Thyme lawn in
garden while blooming.
Taller ‘Green’ Lawn Alternatives
Less IS More!
Boring! Interesting!
Typical: The “Utah” Island
--People think
they are
‘supposed’ to
have one.
-- No context,
floats on a sea
of lawn.
-- Can ...
Lawn as Focal Point
“Green
The
Bean”
Flip the
design so
the LAWN
is the
“island”
Typical Utah Front Yard with Planted Kidney Bean
Island
Waterwise Front Yard with Lawn as the Island
Design by Shaun Moser, Conservation Garden
Park
The Kidney Bean- 2 Ways
Typical
Utah Front
Yard
Landscap
e with the
“Required
” Kidney
Bean-
Shaped
Island
Revers
e
Kidney
Bean
“Island
”
MUCH
more
attractive,
waterwise
and lower
maintenanc
e!
Sea of LAWN surrounded by plantings
Inefficient & blocks view of building Central lawn surrounded by plantings.
Better Alternative: Peninsula
--Anchors the
house to the
landscape or the
bed to the
hardscape, natural
transition, has
co...
Varied Density
Thinly planted over entire
area
Positive/ negative space
V
S
Even if the lawn above were gravel, it
would s...
Central Open Space
Resist the urge to “fill” the
blank canvas as that increases
maintenance and is visually
disorganized.
...
Typical: “Row of Soldiers”
In your imagination: Reality:
Better Alternative:
Layered Mixed Plantings
Green Waterwise Shrubs
More Colorful Shrubs +
Perennials
Both examples from US...
Dense plantings hide imperfect maintenance. Notice the “white space”
provided by the lawn? It’s the mix of open spaces and...
Lower planting density than the previous design but still has planted areas
and open areas- even though there is no lawn. ...
Begin by locating desired amenities in
locations where they solve needs identified
during analysis.
Planning for Functiona...
Initial ‘Bubble Diagrams’
Site Circulation & Function
Consider all
designed
elements in
terms of
accessibility-
select
surface
materials
appropriate...
Creating the Landscape
Design
Plan
Hardscape
Plan for all
hardscape
elements
first- even if
they will be
installed
later.
Create Plant List
Plant Schedule
TREES
TYPE/ SYMBOL COMMON NAME BOTANICAL NAME SIZE QTY NOTES
EVERGREEN
T1
WEEPING WHITE S...
Hydrozone
Planting
design
should take
plant
watering
requirement
s into
account and
group plants
who like the
same
conditi...
Function Plants
Function Plants’ are
those selected for
specific site purposes
such as:
--Screening Views
-- Wind Break
--...
Special
Interest
Next add plants for
‘Color Balance’
(ie: burgundy, gold,
blue-green or
variegated foliage).
--Make sure t...
Repeat Plants
Backbone shrubs and
perennials which will
be repeated multiple
times. These plants
provide unity in the
land...
Filler Plants
Add other shrubs
and perennials
that may appear
only once or twice
in the landscape to
fill in the remaining...
“Reverse-Engineering” your existing yard.
Designing in Phases
Existing
Typical Utah
landscape-
yes, it has
the dread
“Utah
Island”.
Exist. Sprinkler
1. 1. Head
Locations
.
2. 2. Group
by Zone
3. 3. Type
of Head
4. 4. Pipe
Sizes
Side Yards
 New concrete on
the north side is
more functional for
property use.
 The side yard on
the South side is a
pa...
Grassless Side Yard
“DIY Blogger House”
Add Front
Lawn reduced in front
yard area by anchoring
the island to the side
yard.
Drip lines from the new
drip irrigatio...
Add Rear
Backyard plantings are
added by pulling the grass
away from the perimeter.
Trees do best when NOT
planted in the ...
Design Detail Ideas
Undulating Topography
-- Provides a
‘sense of
enclosure’ in
the
landscape.
-- Separates
yard from
traffic.
-- Shows
plants...
Entice
Moving in and out of space,
sense of mystery “What’s
around the corner?” People
move in and out of tree cover
or pl...
Dry River Beds
Dry River Bed- Lushly Planted Dry River Bed- Lightly Planted
Designed by: Paula Refi
Photo Credit: Sunset M...
Landscape Structures
Problem: Wood undersized,
vine oversized, maintenance
issues.
Solution: Upsize columns,
downsize to a...
Landscape Structures
Right Material- Wrong
Installation
Right Material- Right Install
Create Outdoor Rooms
“DIY Blogger House”
Hanging Daybed
Swing
Gas Firepit
Pottery
Fountain
Hanging Daybed Swing Tutorial a...
Why focal point has no ‘s’ Focal PointS
“Landmarks”
“If everything is special, nothing is special.”
Context- How Elements Relate
‘Volcano’ Falls make no sense-
no logical point of origin. Try:
Professional Installation- Na...
Screening
Must deal with landscape
‘negatives’
Garbage cans, lawnmowers and
bicycles are real
considerations.
Garbage cans...
Sense of Entry
Front yard decorative hardscape
creates sense of entry and provides
a REASON to use the front yard.
Edges
-Crisp hard
edge where
lawn meets
flower bed.
-Soft, less
defined
edges where
mulch and
rock
entwine.
-Design
Credit...
Order of Installation
Order of Installation
 Site Grading
 Hardscape- Concrete etc.
 Trenching for Sprinkers
 Irrigation System
 Topsoil/ S...
Plastic Edging Installation
Resources
The smartest part of doing
it yourself….
Is knowing when you
shouldn’t!
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Landscape Design for Homeowners

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Learn how to create a waterwise landscape plan for your home- expert design tips and tricks to create landscapes that are Lush with LESS!

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Landscape Design for Homeowners

  1. 1. LANDSCAPE DESIGN FOR UTAH Cynthia Bee, BLA
  2. 2. Class Topics  What is a “waterwise” landscape  How to Develop a Plot Plan  Pre-Design Analysis  Identifying Existing Landscape Issues  Creating a Landscape Design  Phasing for Re-Developed Landscapes
  3. 3. “Zero-scape” FAIL! But almost succeeded. --Gray BAD color choice -- Lack of green on ground plane. Former Kraftmaid Cabinets, West Jordan
  4. 4. “DIY Blogger House”- SLC Parade of Homes 2012 Landscape Design: Cynthia Bee, Conservation Garden Park Installation: Aposhian Landscaping
  5. 5. Professional Landscape Plan A Plan doesn’t need to be this FANCY to be FUNCTIONA L! Don’t be intimidated, jump in and get ‘er done!
  6. 6. How to create a base map for your landscape project the EASIEST way possible! How to Develop a Plot Plan
  7. 7. Plot Plan Base Map  Tools:  Plot plan from builder or City Building Dept.  100’ tape measure  Rolling tape measure  Google Maps- “My Maps” feature.
  8. 8. Google Maps- Base Map Scale Draw a line feature will measure lines to scale
  9. 9. Google “Classic My Maps” This Line is 37.59 feet
  10. 10. How to draw to scale Scale means that one measurement is substituted with another equally but smaller. Scale for plans is based of a measurement of 1 inch. 1 inch is equal to x number of feet
  11. 11. Graph Paper is Your Friend Graph paper is an easy way to draw to scale for homeowners. 1. 1. Count the number of squares wide and tall for your graph paper. This one is 34 squares wide x 38 squares long. 2. 2. Figure out the width and length of your yard. This yard is 102 feet wide by 111 feet long. 3. 3. Divide it by the squares to find the closest scale. 4. Scale: 1 square = 3 Photo Credit: How Stuff Works
  12. 12. Basic Plot Plan Design starts with a scaled ‘Plot Plan’ that includes the dimensions of all relevant objects on the property.
  13. 13. Site Analysis  Orientation  Site Conditions  Soils  Sun  Wind  Slopes  Drainage  Views
  14. 14. Needs Assessment Site Concerns:  End of day sun on back patio- too hot/bright.  Back of house is hot in the afternoon.  Low spot in front yard/ drainage problems. Use Concerns:  Patio is inadequate for family.  Lack of storage.  Social space to connect with neighbors in front yard.
  15. 15. Consider Maintenance  How much time are you REALLY interested in spending maintaining your yard?  Are you morally adverse to using pesticides and/or herbicides? Have you researched the alternatives?  Do you have children or pets which may cause damage to lawns, plantings and/or art?  Do you spend long periods of time away from home?  How much time are you REALLY interested in spending maintaining your yard?
  16. 16. Additional considerations for existing landscapes. Pre-Design Analysis, Existing
  17. 17. Conceptual Ideas
  18. 18. Additional Information Required  Identify locations of plants, structures and hardscape (patios etc.) that will be retained.  Identify locations and types of sprinklers on existing system. Need to know:  Where the heads are and what type (pop up, rotor etc.)  Which valve controls which heads.  Pipe sizing for main and laterals (3/4”, 1”, 1 ½”)  Sprinkler head style and manufacturer.
  19. 19. Exist. Sprinkler 1. 1. Head Locations . 2. 2. Group by Zone 3. 3. Type of Head 4. 4. Pipe Sizes
  20. 20. As interpreted by Cynthia Landscape Psychology
  21. 21. Why We Love Lawn! - Sea of Green rests the eye between busier plantings. --Conveys a lushness indicating abundance to our agrarian psyche. -- Visually demonstrates the power of positive/ negative space. --Organizes space.
  22. 22. Other Possibilities Left: Ice Plant in full bloom. Above: Creeping Thyme lawn in garden while blooming.
  23. 23. Taller ‘Green’ Lawn Alternatives
  24. 24. Less IS More! Boring! Interesting!
  25. 25. Typical: The “Utah” Island --People think they are ‘supposed’ to have one. -- No context, floats on a sea of lawn. -- Can leave awkward bits of lawn that are useless but require water and work. -- Psychologically uncomfortable.
  26. 26. Lawn as Focal Point
  27. 27. “Green The Bean” Flip the design so the LAWN is the “island”
  28. 28. Typical Utah Front Yard with Planted Kidney Bean Island
  29. 29. Waterwise Front Yard with Lawn as the Island Design by Shaun Moser, Conservation Garden Park
  30. 30. The Kidney Bean- 2 Ways
  31. 31. Typical Utah Front Yard Landscap e with the “Required ” Kidney Bean- Shaped Island
  32. 32. Revers e Kidney Bean “Island ” MUCH more attractive, waterwise and lower maintenanc e!
  33. 33. Sea of LAWN surrounded by plantings Inefficient & blocks view of building Central lawn surrounded by plantings.
  34. 34. Better Alternative: Peninsula --Anchors the house to the landscape or the bed to the hardscape, natural transition, has context! -- More functional for maintenance. -- More visual appeal. -- Feels ‘right’ by creating sense of enclosure rather than exposure. Before: Sparse landscape island and grass running up to the foundation. After: ‘anchored’ plantings and new path provide transition, interest and function.
  35. 35. Varied Density Thinly planted over entire area Positive/ negative space V S Even if the lawn above were gravel, it would still appear lush and organized. The key is open space contrasted with filled space. Some people dislike xeric landscapes because of the “messy” look. Avoid this by creating positive/ negative space.
  36. 36. Central Open Space Resist the urge to “fill” the blank canvas as that increases maintenance and is visually disorganized. landscape “white space” Green down low (Horizontal Juniper) Green down low (Fire Chalice) “No Maintenance” Zone
  37. 37. Typical: “Row of Soldiers” In your imagination: Reality:
  38. 38. Better Alternative: Layered Mixed Plantings Green Waterwise Shrubs More Colorful Shrubs + Perennials Both examples from USU’s “Utah House” at the Utah Botanic Garden. Kaysville, Utah
  39. 39. Dense plantings hide imperfect maintenance. Notice the “white space” provided by the lawn? It’s the mix of open spaces and abundance that make the landscape interesting. The Lush Waterwise Landscape
  40. 40. Lower planting density than the previous design but still has planted areas and open areas- even though there is no lawn. Grade change (deeper river bed) is also used to keep it interesting. Design by Cynthia Bee Organizing Elements
  41. 41. Begin by locating desired amenities in locations where they solve needs identified during analysis. Planning for Functional Elements
  42. 42. Initial ‘Bubble Diagrams’
  43. 43. Site Circulation & Function Consider all designed elements in terms of accessibility- select surface materials appropriate for the application and ensure good access to all areas requiring maintenance .
  44. 44. Creating the Landscape Design
  45. 45. Plan Hardscape Plan for all hardscape elements first- even if they will be installed later.
  46. 46. Create Plant List Plant Schedule TREES TYPE/ SYMBOL COMMON NAME BOTANICAL NAME SIZE QTY NOTES EVERGREEN T1 WEEPING WHITE SPRUCE PICEA GLAUCA ‘PENDULA’ 25’ H X 6’ W 3- 6’ UPRRIGHT/ COLUMNAR W/ ELEGANT DRAPING FOLIAGE T2 COLUMNAR ATLANTIC CEDAR CEDRUS ATLANTICA ARGENTEA ‘FASTIGIATA’ 25’ H X 6’ W 2- 6’ UPRIGHT/ TIGHT FOLIAGE/BLUE-GREEN FLOWERING T5 LOLLIPOP CRABAPPLE MALUS ‘LOLLIZAM’ 10’ H X 6’ W 4- 2” CAL SMALL GLOBE SHAPE/ WHITE FLOWERS SPRING/ YELLOW FALL T6 WEEPING REDBUD CERSIS CANADENSIS ‘COVEY’ 8’ H X 8’ W 1- 2” CAL WEEPING/ VIVID PURPLE- RED FLOWERS SPRING/ YELLOW FALL C SHADE T9 ‘LACELEAF’ ELM ULMUS PARVIFOLIA ‘ALLEE’ 40’ H X 30’ W 1- 2” CAL DECIDUOUS/ YELLOW- PURPLE FALL COLOR T10 SILVER LINDEN TILIA TOMENTOSA ‘STERLING ’ 40’ H X 40’ W 1- 2” CAL DECIDUOUS/ FRAGRANT SILVER UNDERSIDE TO LEAVES/ YELLOW FALL
  47. 47. Hydrozone Planting design should take plant watering requirement s into account and group plants who like the same conditions in the same areas.
  48. 48. Function Plants Function Plants’ are those selected for specific site purposes such as: --Screening Views -- Wind Break -- Passive Solar
  49. 49. Special Interest Next add plants for ‘Color Balance’ (ie: burgundy, gold, blue-green or variegated foliage). --Make sure they are distributed evenly around the landscape- don’t want to be lopsided with color. -Make sure bolder foliage is “triangulated” meaning it appears in 3 groups, triangularly spaced. Burgundy foliage is triangularly spaced.
  50. 50. Repeat Plants Backbone shrubs and perennials which will be repeated multiple times. These plants provide unity in the landscape and have the following traits: Repeat bloom Desirable foliage traits Low-maintenance, low worry The ‘workhorse’ plants of the landscape.
  51. 51. Filler Plants Add other shrubs and perennials that may appear only once or twice in the landscape to fill in the remaining spaces to the desired density. - Filler plants provide the variety that keeps the landscape from being too much of the same stuff.
  52. 52. “Reverse-Engineering” your existing yard. Designing in Phases
  53. 53. Existing Typical Utah landscape- yes, it has the dread “Utah Island”.
  54. 54. Exist. Sprinkler 1. 1. Head Locations . 2. 2. Group by Zone 3. 3. Type of Head 4. 4. Pipe Sizes
  55. 55. Side Yards  New concrete on the north side is more functional for property use.  The side yard on the South side is a pass through- new walkway makes that easier and more interesting.  2 sprinkler zones were switched to drip irrigation.
  56. 56. Grassless Side Yard “DIY Blogger House”
  57. 57. Add Front Lawn reduced in front yard area by anchoring the island to the side yard. Drip lines from the new drip irrigation zone in the side yard are extended into this bed. Front yard lawn sprinklers are reconfigured by moving and adjusting sprinkler heads on that line.
  58. 58. Add Rear Backyard plantings are added by pulling the grass away from the perimeter. Trees do best when NOT planted in the middle of lawn areas- move lawn away from trees when possible by creating beds and borders. The 2 backyard sprinkler zones had heads moved or capped. An additional valve and drip irrigation zone were added for the perimeter plantings.
  59. 59. Design Detail Ideas
  60. 60. Undulating Topography -- Provides a ‘sense of enclosure’ in the landscape. -- Separates yard from traffic. -- Shows plants to best advantage, makes beds appear more lush.
  61. 61. Entice Moving in and out of space, sense of mystery “What’s around the corner?” People move in and out of tree cover or plants An average design. Too open. People are too far separated from the plants, no variety of experience.
  62. 62. Dry River Beds Dry River Bed- Lushly Planted Dry River Bed- Lightly Planted Designed by: Paula Refi Photo Credit: Sunset Magazine
  63. 63. Landscape Structures Problem: Wood undersized, vine oversized, maintenance issues. Solution: Upsize columns, downsize to a herbaceous vine. Photo Courtesy Northscaping.com
  64. 64. Landscape Structures Right Material- Wrong Installation Right Material- Right Install
  65. 65. Create Outdoor Rooms “DIY Blogger House” Hanging Daybed Swing Gas Firepit Pottery Fountain Hanging Daybed Swing Tutorial available at: http://club.conservationgardenpark.org
  66. 66. Why focal point has no ‘s’ Focal PointS “Landmarks” “If everything is special, nothing is special.”
  67. 67. Context- How Elements Relate ‘Volcano’ Falls make no sense- no logical point of origin. Try: Professional Installation- Name withheld to protect the guilty. Design and Install by One Specialty Landscape Designs, Dallas, Texas.
  68. 68. Screening Must deal with landscape ‘negatives’ Garbage cans, lawnmowers and bicycles are real considerations. Garbage cans have no ‘home’. Imperfect execution but good example of an outdoor storage enclosure. Photo courtesy Arlington Fence Company, Virginia
  69. 69. Sense of Entry Front yard decorative hardscape creates sense of entry and provides a REASON to use the front yard.
  70. 70. Edges -Crisp hard edge where lawn meets flower bed. -Soft, less defined edges where mulch and rock entwine. -Design Credit: Michelle Derviss Design by Michelle Derviss
  71. 71. Order of Installation
  72. 72. Order of Installation  Site Grading  Hardscape- Concrete etc.  Trenching for Sprinkers  Irrigation System  Topsoil/ Soil Berming  Rockwork or gravel pathways  Turf Planting and Lawn Edging (highly recommend sod vs. seed if your turf type is available as sod).  Planting- start with trees and work your way down  Mulch/ Top Dress Beds  Adjust sprinkler heads and program controller
  73. 73. Plastic Edging Installation
  74. 74. Resources The smartest part of doing it yourself…. Is knowing when you shouldn’t!

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