Toussaint L’OuvertureThe Slave Who Defeated Napoleon
facebook Wall Photos Flair Boxes Toussaint L’ Ouverture Logout Toussaint L’ Ouverture Wall Info Photos Boxes Basic Information Networks: Washington D.C. Sex: Male Birthday: May 20, 1742 Hometown: Saint-Dominique, HaitiView photos of Toussiant (5) Relationship Status: Married to Suzanne Simone Baptiste LouvertureSend Touissaint a message Political Views: Revolutionary Religious Views: Roman CatholicPoke message Personal Information Activities: guerilla warfare, being a statesman, bringing freedom of slaves toInformation the attention of the world, defeating France, Britain, and SpainNetworks: Interests: bettering Haiti, helping being the voice for slaves, African AmericanHaiti people’s educationBirthday: Favorite Music: Johann Bach, Francesco GeminianiMay 20, 1743Political: Favorite Painting:Revolutionary Favorite Books: Robinson Crusoe, A Tale of Two CitiesReligion:Roman CatholicHometown:Saint-Dominique, Haiti Contact InformationPhotos2 Albums Address: 25 Main St., Sanit-Dominque, Haiti Phone Number: 890-678-6584 Portraits Email: email@example.com Updated two weeks ago Battles Updated two months ago
facebook Wall Photos Flair Boxes Touissant L’Overture Logout Toussaint L‘Ouverture Wall Info Photos Boxes Write something… Share View photos of Toussaint (5) Send Touissant a message Touissant L’Overture don’t feel so well …. Poke message April 1803 Information Thomas Jefferson Thanks again for the help with the Louisiana Purchase. Apr. 30, 1803 Networks: Haiti Birthday: May, 20 1743 Touissant L’Overture just got the okay from Leclerc to continue governing St. Political: Domingo May 1, 1802 Revolutionary Religion: Roman Catholic Hometown: Toussaint L’Overture just finished the Haitian constitution!! Saint-Dominique, Haiti July 8,1801 Friends Toussaint L’Overture expelled the French commissioner Léger-Félicité Sonthonax 1797Thomas Simon Miguel Toussaint L’Overture so excited for the abolishment of slavery (-: June 1794 Father Jose Dom Jose
facebook Wall Photos Flair Boxes Toussant L’ouverture Logout Touissant L’Ouverture Wall Info Photos Boxes Photos of Touissant 5 Photos Touissant’s Albums 2 Albums Portraits Battles Profile Pictures 5 photos 5 photos 1 photo
Haiti was known as St. Dominique• Saint Dominique was a French colony and the worlds leading sugar producer.• A few French families made huge profits from sugar, while most Haitians were African slaves• Most slaves worked on plantations and they outnumbered their masters dramatically
• When the French Revolution began, white settlers called for independence. Slaves had their own goal -- freedom.• In 1791, about 100,000 slaves rose in revolt. They burned the sugar cane in the fields and killed hundreds of slave owners.
A Leader Emerges •Became a skilledTouissant general and diplomatL’Ouvertur e •Led slave revolt in 1791 • LOuverture organized the rebels into an effective fighting force. By 1801, Toussaint had moved into Spanish Santo Domingo He took control of the territory, freed the slaves and created a constitution.
• When Napoleon Bonaparte took power in France, he decided to reclaim the rich sugar plantations of Saint Dominique. In January 1802, 16,000 French troops landed in Saint Dominique to get rid of Toussaint. I want St. Dominique back! We will stop fighting if you agree to end slavery forever on St. Dominique! Yes, of course we agree.. Why don’t you come to Paris to discuss this further. • LOuverture urged Haitians to fight to the death against the invaders.• However, Toussaint agreed to halt the revolution if the French would end slavery.
• Despite the agreement, the French soon accused him of planning another uprising.• The French sent Toussaint to an icy prison in the French Alps. Ten months later, in 1803, the Haitian leader died. “In overthrowing me, you have done no more than cut down the trunk of the tree of the black liberty in St.Domingue- it will spring back from the roots, for they are numerous and deep.” - Toussaint L’Ouverture
After Toussaint’s death, Haiti was restored to French domination and slavery was re-implemented. However, The taste of freedom that Toussaint had enabled the Haitians to feel was not in vain. They continued to fight the French in a brutal revolution.
The Impact of Change •The country was crippled by years of war, its agriculture devastated, its formal commerce nonexistent, and the people uneducated and mostly unskilled.•Six months later, Napoleon decided to give up his possessions in the New World. He was busy in Europe and these far-away possessions were more trouble than they were worth. • He abandoned Haiti to independence and sold the French territory in North America to the United States (the Louisiana purchase).
REVOLUTION in HAITI 1791- 1804 The Haitian Revolutionmarked the only time in history that Africanslaves successfully rose up to overthrow their European oppressors.