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The State of Linked Government Data

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The State of Linked Government Data

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There are high expectations for Linked Government Data—the practice of publishing public sector information on the Web using Linked Data formats. This slideset reviews some of the ongoing work in the US, UK, and within W3C, as well as activities within my institute (DERI, National University of Ireland, Galway).

There are high expectations for Linked Government Data—the practice of publishing public sector information on the Web using Linked Data formats. This slideset reviews some of the ongoing work in the US, UK, and within W3C, as well as activities within my institute (DERI, National University of Ireland, Galway).

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The State of Linked Government Data

  1. 1. The State of Linked Government Data<br />Richard CyganiakDERI Friday Talk, August 20, 2010<br />http://linkeddata.deri.ie<br />
  2. 2. High expectations …<br />Publishing Public Sector Information on the Web<br />Itenables the reuse of the data provided by government agencies, opening up new business opportunities.<br />It provides citizens a direct access to public services, helping to cut costs and improve processes in the government agencies and between the agencies and the citizens.<br />It helps increase the citizen engagement and participation<br />Highest-profile adoption of Semantic Web tech to date<br />
  3. 3. Open Data vs. Linked Data<br />Open Data<br />Equal access for all<br />Licensing, legal issues<br />Transparency<br />Changing the way government works<br />Linked Data<br />URIs, HTTP, RDF, SPARQL, FOAF<br />Linked, Open Data!<br />
  4. 4. Open Data …<br />Open Data starts with making available the data that you already have, in whatever format.<br />
  5. 5. Raw data catalog, data.gov<br />
  6. 6. Government data catalogs<br />http://datos.fundacionctic.org/sandbox/catalog/map<br />
  7. 7. TimBL’s 5-starplan for open data<br />★ Make your stuff available on the Web<br />★★ Make it available as structured data(e.g., an Excel sheet instead of image scan of a table)<br />★★★ Use a non-proprietary format(e.g., a CSV file instead of an Excel sheet)<br />★★★★ Use linked data format(i.e., URIsto identify things, and RDF to represent data)<br />★★★★★ Link your data to other people’s data to providecontext<br />Source: http://inkdroid.org/journal/2010/06/04/the-5-stars-of-open-linked-data/<br />
  8. 8. All around the world …<br />8 of XYZ<br />
  9. 9. United States<br />Data.gov<br />National raw data and geodata catalogs<br />Data-gov Wiki project at RPI<br />“Triplifying” tabular datasets from Data.gov<br />Generic services on RDF data<br />Wiki for collecting more information about datasets<br />Demos<br />As of 2010, Data.gov links to RPI’s RDF<br />
  10. 10. Data-gov wiki<br />
  11. 11. White House Visitor Search<br />http://data-gov.tw.rpi.edu/demo/stable/white-house-visitor/top100-visitees.php<br />
  12. 12. Dataset 10025: White House visistors<br />
  13. 13. Dataset: White House Visitee<br />
  14. 14. Comparing US and UK Global Foreign Aid<br />http://data-gov.tw.rpi.edu/demo/linked/aidviz-1554-10030.html<br />
  15. 15. Data-gov Wiki: Criticism<br />Is this more useful than a table?<br /><rdf:Descriptionrdf:about="#entry9053451"> <rdf:typerdf:resource="http://data-gov.tw.rpi.edu/ 2009/data-gov-twc.rdf#DataEntry"/><value>2.7</value><period>M01</period><year>1995</year><series_id>SMU55225408000000001</series_id></rdf:Description><br />Source: Stefano Mazzocchihttp://www.betaversion.org/~stefano/linotype/news/351/<br />
  16. 16. United Kingdom<br />
  17. 17. United Kingdom<br />Large numbers of raw datasets at data.gov.uk<br />Selected datasets as five-star Linked Data<br />Doing the groundwork for high-quality LD representations<br />URI sets<br />Vocabularies<br />Best Practices<br />
  18. 18. Responsible Publishing<br />Source: JeniTennison<br />
  19. 19. Designing URI Sets for the UK Public Sector<br />Best-practice report<br />http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/301253/puiblic_sector_uri.pdf<br />Note ironic typo!<br />Examples<br />http://education.data.gov.uk/id/school/78<br />http://transport.data.gov.uk/id/road/M5/junction/24<br />http://education.data.gov.uk/def/school<br />
  20. 20. Vocabularies<br />SDMX-RDF and the Data Cube Vocabulary<br />DERI; Epimorphics; Metadata Technologies; Stationery Office<br />http://linked-statistics.org/ (coming soon)<br />An organization ontology<br />Epimorphics<br />http://www.epimorphics.com/public/vocabulary/org.html<br />
  21. 21. Datasets<br />analytics.data.gov.uk<br />business.data.gov.uk<br />crime.data.gov.uk<br />education.data.gov.uk<br />environment.data.gov.uk<br />finance.data.gov.uk<br />patents.data.gov.uk<br />reference.data.gov.uk<br />research.data.gov.uk<br />statistics.data.gov.uk<br />transport.data.gov.uk<br />
  22. 22. Linked Data API<br />Developers demand familiar formats<br />LD API delivers developer-friendly JSON-style APIs from SPARQL endpoints<br />http://code.google.com/p/linked-data-api/<br />
  23. 23. Crime Statistics<br />http://www.jenitennison.com/visualisation/crime.html<br />
  24. 24. legislation.gov.uk – 800 years of law<br />
  25. 25. W3C Activities: eGov IG<br />eGovernment Interest Group (eGov IG)http://www.w3.org/2007/eGov/IG/<br />“The mission of the eGov IG is to explore how to improve access to government through better use of the Web and achieve better government transparency using open Web standards at any government level (local, state, national and multi-national)”<br />
  26. 26. W3C Activities: eGov IG<br />Documents produced so far:<br />Use Caseshttp://www.w3.org/egov/wiki/Use_Cases<br />Publishing Open Government Data http://www.w3.org/TR/gov-data/<br />Improving Access to Government throughBetter Use of the Webhttp://www.w3.org/TR/egov-improving/<br />
  27. 27. W3C Activities: eGov IG<br />Projects http://www.w3.org/egov/wiki/Projects<br />Outreach<br />Demonstration (now chaired by Michael)<br />Best Practices for Using Web Technologies to Deliver Government Services<br />Best Practices for Government Data Management<br />Best Practices for Government Use of Social Media<br />Data Catalog Vocabulary task force (Richard, Fadi)http://www.w3.org/egov/wiki/Data_Catalog_Vocabulary<br />
  28. 28. W3C Activities: New Working Group<br />Government Linked Data Working Group is planned<br />Best practices, lessons learned in US and UK<br />Strong support from W3C members<br />Charter soon:http://www.w3.org/egov/wiki/GLD_Charter<br />
  29. 29. Upcoming DERI activities<br />CSO/DES Linked Data pilot<br />Which school should I send my child to?<br />LATC support action<br />Work package: Publish EU-level datasets as LD<br />http://latc-project.eu/<br />LOD2 IP<br />Work package: National datasets on Austria, Germany, Ireland etc.<br />
  30. 30. Reality check<br />“Triplification” alone is not very useful<br />Linked Data addresses syntax, data model, access, but does not automatically solve the hard problems<br />Standardized classifications; identifier management; data provenance; versioning; context; data discovery<br />Linked Data needs developers, journalists, analysts, scientists to translate it into benefits for the common citizen<br />LD removes some technical issues, giving us a better shot at solving the organizational/political ones<br />
  31. 31. And finally…<br />ISWC 2010 Tutorial:Linked Data for eGovernmenthttp://latc-project.eu/events/2010/iswc-ld4egov<br />
  32. 32. Additional image sources<br />Kristen Taylorhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/kthread/2857259619/<br />Independent.co.ukhttp://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/internets-founder-attacks-scheme-to-monitor-web-usage-797133.html?action=Popup&gallery=no<br />LowCarbonEconomy.comhttp://www.lowcarboneconomy.com/community_content/_low_carbon_blog/2596/brown_tackles_energy_bills_unemployment<br />

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