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Temporally informed Transition Design

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2016 Carnegie Mellon PhD Defense Presentation (two more to go!).

Why are we focused on shortening cycle times? What is the effect on our abilities to work? What forms of social practice can help create new temporal social epistemologies? Are their different epistemologies for the differing part of tripartite time?

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Temporally informed Transition Design

  1. 1. Temporally Informed Transition Design Joshua Bloom PhD Candidate Carnegie Mellon University
  2. 2. If the moon, in the act of completing its eternal way around the Earth, were gifted with self- consciousness, it would feel thoroughly convinced that it was traveling its way of its own accord…. So would a Being, endowed with higher insight and more perfect intelligence, watching man and his doings, smile about man’s illusion that he was acting according to his own free will. -Einstein Albert Einstein, 'About Free Will,' The Golden Book of Tagore (1931), 1990 reprint, p. 12.
  3. 3. Since there exists in this four dimensional structure [space-time] no longer any sections which represent "now" objectively, the concepts of happening and becoming are indeed not completely suspended, but yet complicated. It appears therefore more natural to think of physical reality as a four dimensional existence, instead of, as hitherto, the evolution of a three dimensional existence. -Einstein RELATIVITY AND THE PROBLEM OF SPACE From the revised edition of Relativity, the Special and the General Theory: A Popular Exposition. Einstein, Albert (2010-12-29). Ideas And Opinions (p. 360). Crown/Archetype. Kindle Edition.
  4. 4. Spacial Metaphors of Time Nunez, Rafael E. (1999). Could the future taste purple? Reclaiming mind, body and cognition. _Journal of Consciousness Studies_ 6 (11-12):11-12.
  5. 5. The time of the philosophers does not exist. -Einstein
  6. 6. E=MC2 omnitemporal omnispacial In a world totalized by rationality there is no time Durable Repeatable
  7. 7. Seen from the viewpoint of man, who always lives in the interval between past and future, time is not a continuum, a flow of uninterrupted succession; it is broken in the middle, at the point where “he” stands; and “his” standpoint is not the present as we usually understand it but rather a gap in time… -Hannah Arendt Arendt, Hannah; Kohn, Jerome (2006-09-26). Between Past and Future (Penguin Classics) (p. 10). Penguin Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
  8. 8. PAST FUTUREPRESENT
  9. 9. What is Present is That Which is Indeterminate
  10. 10. The engineer, and more generally the designer, is concerned with how things ought to be—how they ought to be in order to attain goals, and to function. Natural science has found a way to exclude the normative and to concern itself solely with how things are. Simon, Herbert A. (1996-09-26). The Sciences of the Artificial (pp. 4-5). The MIT Press. Kindle Edition. THE ARTIFICIAL -Herbert Simon
  11. 11. CONTINGENT CONTINGENCIES The world-as-artificial consists of an array of configurations, but these do not constitute a regime of “fact” (law) but only (yet what is the status of this “only”?) more or less persistent propositions concerning what could-be. -Clive Dilnot Fry, Tony; Dilnot, Clive; Stewart, Susan (2015-02-26). Design and the Question of History (Design, Histories, Futures) (Kindle Locations 4016-4017). Bloomsbury Publishing. Kindle Edition.
  12. 12. PRESENTTO THE COLLAPSE
  13. 13. The twin phenomena of immediacy and of instantaneity are presently one of the most pressing problems confronting political and military strategists alike. Real time now prevails above both real space and the geosphere. -Paul Virilio Virilio, Paul. "Speed and information: Cyberspace alarm!." Ctheory (2015): 8-27.
  14. 14. BOUNDED RATIONALITY -Herbert Simon Simon, Herbert A. (1996-09-26). The Sciences of the Artificial (p. 157). The MIT Press. Kindle Edition. computational Bounded rationality. The meaning of rationality in situations where the complexity of the environment is immensely greater than the computational powers of the adaptive system.
  15. 15. Simon, Herbert A. (1996-09-26). The Sciences of the Artificial (p. 157). The MIT Press. Kindle Edition. we are unable to think coherently about the remote future, and particularly about the distant consequences of our actions. Thus the events and prospective events that enter into our value systems are all dated, and the importance we attach to them generally drops off sharply with their distance in time… If our decisions depended equally upon their remote and their proximate consequences, we could never act but would be forever lost in thought. By applying a heavy discount factor to events, attenuating them with their remoteness in time and space, we reduce our problems of choice to a size commensurate with our limited computing capabilities. -Herbert Simon
  16. 16. Boyd, John, R., The Essence of Winning and Losing, 28 June 1995 a five slide set by Boyd. an evolving, open-ended, far-from- equilibrium process of self- organization, emergence, and natural selection -John Boyd
  17. 17. SAMPLE RATE
  18. 18. http://www.economist.com/node/21547988 within a nanosecond, or one-billionth of a second High Frequency
  19. 19. PA S D BL M uild easure earn
  20. 20. Constraints work, then, by modifying either a system's phase space or the probability distribution of events and movements within that space. Since actions are lower, motor- level implementations of higher- level intentional causes, reconceptualizing mental causation in terms of top-down, context-sensitive dynamical constraints can radically recast our thinking about action. Alicia Juarrero. Dynamics in Action: Intentional Behavior as a Complex System (Kindle Location 138)
  21. 21. enabling constraintssense making a bridge PAST PRESENT FUTURE governing constraints (dispositions)
  22. 22. COMPLEX TEMPORAL DESIGN Temporally Informed Transition Design indeterminacy
  23. 23. Design has a key role to play in societal transitions to more sustainable futures Interconnected and interdependent ‘systems problems’, exist at multiple levels of scale within the social and environmental spheres [Designers need to] understand how to work iteratively, at multiple levels of scale, over long horizons of time COMPLEX TEMPORAL DESIGN TEMPORALLY INFORMED TRANSITION DESIGN TEMPORAL COMPLEXITY
  24. 24. During walking, two different situations arise in sequence: the statically stable double-support phase in which the mechanism is supported on both feet simultaneously, and statically unstable single-support phase, when only one foot of the mechanism is in contact with the ground while the other is being transferred from the back to front positions. Thus, the locomotion mechanism changes its structure during a single walking cycle from an open to a closed kinematic chain. Zero-Moment Point - Thirty Five Years of its Life Miomir Vukobratović and Branislav Borovac, 2005
  25. 25. Developing organisms are complex systems composed of very many individual elements embedded within, and open to, a complex environment. Development as a dynamic system Linda B. Smith and Esther Thelen
  26. 26. CRISIS Options Fear Stabilization
  27. 27. Stabilization Empirical Theory Recover Integrate Dispositionality Nudging, Tipping Staging Scenario Planning Emergence Longitudinal Study Design Research FOR Transition Design Research IN Transition Design Research OF Transition Designing in the situated gap between pasts and futures
  28. 28. Always Already Now Next Not Yet Dispositional Prospective Retrospective Coherence How do I make sense of Now based in the past Prospective Coherence What will I need to make sense of in a future?
  29. 29. we seem to be neither equipped nor prepared for this activity of thinking, of settling down in the gap between past and future. -Hannah Arendt Arendt, Hannah; Kohn, Jerome (2006-09-26). Between Past and Future (Penguin Classics) (p. 10). Penguin Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
  30. 30. Jaques, E. (1989) Requisite organization. Virginia: Cason Hall. Shove, Elizabeth, Mika Pantzar, and Matt Watson. The dynamics of social practice: everyday life and how it changes. Sage Publications, 2012.
  31. 31. sequencing & synchronization
  32. 32. Intentional Time (estimation) objective time subjective time atemporal time non-emergent outcomes temporal time emergent outcomes {Are these the same length?
  33. 33. Priorities- Temporal Sequencing Nunez, Rafael E. (1999). Could the future taste purple? Reclaiming mind, body and cognition. _Journal of Consciousness Studies_ 6 (11-12):11-12.
  34. 34. What Social Practices can enable thinking longer Time Spans?
  35. 35. The Quantized Self sequenced! synchronized! rhythmic!
  36. 36. Design never comes to rest as product, it is always futural and as such it either futures or defutures. Finitudinally framed, it makes time or takes it away. -Tony Fry circumstances that are ‘overdetermined’ Tony Fry (2011) Time and the Political: Post-Urban Futures, Chronophobia and Unsettlement, Design Philosophy Papers, 9:2, 93-101
  37. 37. ENDJoshua Bloom PhD Candidate Carnegie Mellon University jabe@cmu.edu @cyetain

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