MLA In-text Citations
Direct Quote, Summary &
Paraphrasing Examples
Citing a
Direct Quote
“The key to the mission was the
innovative idea of combining an aircraft
carrier with the Billys. Ja...
Direct Quote
w/Author in text
According to Source C “the key to the
mission was the innovative idea of
combining an aircra...
Paraphrasing
 When you have text
that you paraphrase,
follow these steps:
 Read the quote, then
put the quote in your
ow...
Paraphrasing
 Read the text to the
right.
 Then read the sample
paraphrase below.
 Is this is a good
example of
paraphr...
Paraphrasing
 Read the text to the
right.
 Then read the sample
paraphrase below.
 Is this is a good
example of
paraphr...
Working Source
Name into
Paraphrase
 Use transitional terms
such as: According to,
furthermore, etc.
 Use action verbs s...
Working Source
Name into
Paraphrase
Original Paragraph from Source D
“The General Assembly should act to allow judges
to i...
Working Source
Name into
Paraphrase
Original Paragraph from Source D
“The General Assembly should act to allow judges
to i...
Works Cited
Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story of Courage. Little Brown &
Company; New York, 2003.
The Purdue OWL. Purd...
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AP CA III Citations

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AP CA III Citations

  1. 1. MLA In-text Citations Direct Quote, Summary & Paraphrasing Examples
  2. 2. Citing a Direct Quote “The key to the mission was the innovative idea of combining an aircraft carrier with the Billys. Japan assumed itself safe from air threats because land-based U.S. Army aircraft couldn’t reach the homeland from Hawaii or Midway” (Source C). When you have text that you want to quote directly, follow these steps:  Copy the quote word- for-word, using the exact same punctuation, spelling, etc.  Attribute the source directly after the quoted text.
  3. 3. Direct Quote w/Author in text According to Source C “the key to the mission was the innovative idea of combining an aircraft carrier with the Billys” (Source C). When you have text that you want to quote directly but you attribute the source in the quote, follow these steps:  Copy the quote word- for-word, using the exact same punctuation, spelling, etc. after your attribution.  Attribute the source directly before the quoted text. Source used here; not needed in p.r. Source C stated “the key to the mission was the innovative idea of combining an aircraft carrier with the Billys”. OR… Not needed
  4. 4. Paraphrasing  When you have text that you paraphrase, follow these steps:  Read the quote, then put the quote in your own words.  Do not just choose a few words to change!!  Attribute the source directly after the quoted text. Text from Source A: “Japan assumed itself safe from air threats because land-based U.S. Army aircraft couldn’t reach the homeland from Hawaii or Midway” (Source A). Because U.S. aircraft were grounded Japan thought air attacks weren’t likely (Source A).
  5. 5. Paraphrasing  Read the text to the right.  Then read the sample paraphrase below.  Is this is a good example of paraphrasing?  Why or why not? Original Paragraph from Source D “The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty”. The state government should make a law so that judges can decide the death penalty without 12 jurors agreeing. The jurors should all agree the criminal is guilty, but the final punishment should be left up to the judge (Source D).
  6. 6. Paraphrasing  Read the text to the right.  Then read the sample paraphrase below.  Is this is a good example of paraphrasing?  Why or why not? Original Paragraph from Source D “The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty”. Laws should be changed so that once jurors have unanimously determined a person’s guilt, the decision to charge capital punishment should be determined by the judge, not the jury (Source D).
  7. 7. Working Source Name into Paraphrase  Use transitional terms such as: According to, furthermore, etc.  Use action verbs such as: stated, defended, argued, etc. Original Paragraph from Source D “The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty”. According to Source D laws should be changed so that once jurors have unanimously determined a person’s guilt, the decision to charge capital punishment should be determined by the judge, not the jury.
  8. 8. Working Source Name into Paraphrase Original Paragraph from Source D “The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty”. Source D stated laws should be changed so that once jurors have unanimously determined a person’s guilt, the decision to charge capital punishment should be determined by the judge, not the jury (Source D).  Use transitional terms such as: According to, furthermore, etc.  Use action verbs such as: stated, defended, argued, etc. Why isn’t this necessary?
  9. 9. Working Source Name into Paraphrase Original Paragraph from Source D “The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty”. Judges should make the final decision as to a criminal’s punishment. Source D argued that laws should be changed so that once jurors have unanimously determined a person’s guilt, the decision to charge capital punishment should be determined by the judge, not the jury.  Use transitional terms such as: According to, furthermore, etc.  Use action verbs such as: stated, defended, argued, etc. Your thought or argument, followed by support from Source D
  10. 10. Works Cited Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story of Courage. Little Brown & Company; New York, 2003. The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2010. Web. 07 Oct 2010. Wooten, Jim. "Death Penalty: Fix What's Broken." Atlanta Journal- Constitution (Atlanta, GA). 15 Dec 2008: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 07 Oct 2010.

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