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A Rational Romance: Scrum and Business Analysis

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Open Agile 2012
Timisoara, Romania
Speech by Thomas Moedl, DialogData

Agile practices and business analysis are often perceived to be at odds with each other. This talk aims to clarify why this discord need not exist and proposes that business analysts and agile champions work toward deriving benefit from using both, and exploit synergies that have the potential to dramatically improve the software engineering process.

Particularly in large projects, where software systems are produced incrementally by several teams, one can observe risks regarding the quality of the results and the successful adaption of Scrum in equal measure. Evolutionary business analysis with user stories can provide a decisive contribution here, by adequately supporting agile project management in initializing the Scrum product backlogs and by generating the backlog entries.

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A Rational Romance: Scrum and Business Analysis

  1. 1. „A Rational Romance“ Scrum and Evolutionary Business Analysis Thomas Mödl thomas.moedl@dialogdata.deTimisoara, October 6th, 2012 DialogData.ro DialogData.de 1
  2. 2. Business Analyst 9 yearsSoftware Developer & Architect 24 years © 1989 – 2012 DialogData 2
  3. 3. • Scrum • Business Analysis – Agile Values – Goal Modeling • Scrum and Agile – Vision Building is all about communication – Communication – Agile Development • Much about change • User Stories 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. INSTRUMENTS 5
  6. 6. GOAL INSTRUMENTS AGILE VALUESBetter collaboration  Goal OrientationBetter understanding  TrustReliable agreements  ReliabilityFlexible planning  Openness 6
  7. 7. AGILE SCRUM Goal Orientation Focus Trust Respect Reliability Commitment Openness Openness Courage„Have the courage to commit, to act, to be open, and to expect respect.“ 7
  8. 8. Focus andgoal orientation. 8
  9. 9. Trustand respect. 9
  10. 10. Reliable performance and commitment. 10
  11. 11. Flexible planning and openness… … because no plan survives the first contact with the enemy … 11
  12. 12. In software development …... we are having a problem. 13
  13. 13. DialogData Changes are the biggest project risk: other poor user input incomplete requirements changing requirements poor tech skills poor staffing 6% 7% 12% 50% 12% 13%13+12+12 = 37% CategoriesPof problemsStandish Group 1994 projects – robleme gefährdeter Projekten nach Kategorien - Studie in endangered Source: Chaos Report, The Standish Group 14
  14. 14. The sticky problem: understanding business requirements.other causes:requirements: Source: Scott Ambler, Lead Evangelist Agile @ IBM. 15
  15. 15. but wait … aren‘t we agile? 16
  16. 16. Backlog Grooming: „Scrum is silent on how this work is done …“ „10% of each sprint …“ „this includes detailed requirements analysis …” „many people like to articulate the requirements in terms of user stories …” Backlog Grooming: Story Finding, Estimating, Refinement 17
  17. 17. Backlog Grooming: Time Effort > 21% Days / Month Working Days for Backlog Grooming Team Members 7 20 140 10% 14 Product Owner 1 20 20 100% 20 8 40 160 21,25% 34 18
  18. 18. „If I had asked people what they wanted,they would have said: faster horses.“ - Henry Ford 19
  19. 19. Source: http://www.stevemcconnell.com/articles/art04.htm 20
  20. 20. software developement =garbage in, garbage out. 21
  21. 21. Predictability is inverse to time horizon. ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- „Cone of Uncertainty“ by Barry Boehm 23
  22. 22. Details are requiredfor the near-term future. 24
  23. 23. Which problems are arising with change? ----------- ----------- ----------- Abstract ----------- ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- 25
  24. 24. Most changes affect more than one page. ----------- ----------- ----------- Abstract ----------- ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- 26
  25. 25. Most changes affect more than one page. ----------- ----------- ----------- Abstract ----------- ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- 27

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