Sensor Web Enablement forDebris Flow Monitoring Systemin Taiwan Yao-Min (Frank) Fang Geographic Information Systems Resear...
01.白布帆站    (Baibufan Station)         Monitoring Stations  02.九份二山站   (Jiufen-Ershan Station)  03.神木站     (Shenmu Station)...
Sensors of Permanent monitoring station                  Geophone               ultrasonic water level   rain gauge       ...
Permanent Debris Flow Monitoring    Station– Jioufen-ershan
Sensors in Debris Flow Monitoring                  Station                                      Geophone             Meteo...
Debris Flow Monitoring Information     System – Shenmu Station
Current Debris Flow Monitoring SystemReal –time data is transmitted to ERC at SWCB by advanced communication technology, ...
Typhoon MORAKOTShen-Mu Debris FlowMonitoring Station
The Debris Flow Event of AiyuziRiver (8/8 16:57)  Aiyuzi River CCD image (front)   Aiyuzi River CCD image (side)
The comparison of UAV images before and  after the debris flow event at upstream
8/8 4:11                                                                                                                  ...
Estimating of debris flow velocity                           50m                                                50m/3sec=1...
Mobile Debris Flow Monitoring Station
The 4th Generation MobileStation
4thS Mobile monitoring station
Challenges on Extreme Weather Condition   after Typhoon Morakot
Compound Hazards occurred   simultaneously:Compound hazards occurred                    甲仙鄉小林村災害  at Xiao-lin Village, Ji...
Basin-Wide MonitoringNetwork                                                                Transmitting                  ...
Basin-Wide Monitoring Network                                         PointLinePlane: extended to                      ...
Portable Unit
Portable Unit R&D Design Conception                                      OGC‐SWE                                       Sta...
Portable Unit R&D Container and Carrier Design           Aluminum-alloy carrier                                        C...
Portable Unit R&D                      Rain         Touch        gauge         Screen            Control            interf...
Receiving                                                              StorageRain gauge Soil moisture meter     Receiver ...
Sweet SWE Server                                                          Sensor                       Sweet SWE          ...
Sweet SWE Server                                                Sweet SWE Server                                          ...
Portable Units
Landslide Monitoring                                   Building                       Landslide
Landslide Monitoring    Landslide
Landslide MonitoringSetup Mobile Station         Carry on portable unit                             Carry down to top of s...
Landslide MonitoringSetup portable unit                          Working
Landslide monitoring systemWindow
SWE implemented in our monitoringinformation service platform                        Monitoring information              ...
SWE implemented in monitoring informationservice platform          Monitoring information                                ...
SWE implemented in monitoring informationservice platform          Monitoring information                                ...
Conclusions   Use 3S technique and a complete monitoring and    management system to provide complex type of    hazards’ ...
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Sensor web enablement for debris flow monitoring system in taiwan

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Presentation by Yao-Min (Frank) Fang during the Sensor Web System and Visualization paper session of the Sensor Web Enablement workshop (held during the 2011 Cybera Summit).

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Sensor web enablement for debris flow monitoring system in taiwan

  1. 1. Sensor Web Enablement forDebris Flow Monitoring Systemin Taiwan Yao-Min (Frank) Fang Geographic Information Systems Research Center Feng Chia University Taiwan OGC Compliance Testing Center www.gis.tw
  2. 2. 01.白布帆站 (Baibufan Station) Monitoring Stations 02.九份二山站 (Jiufen-Ershan Station) 03.神木站 (Shenmu Station) 04.上安站 (Shang-an Station) 05.郡坑站 (Jyunkeng Station) 06.豐丘站 (Fongciou Station) 07.大粗坑站 (Dacukeng Station) 08.鳳義坑站 (Fongyikeng Station) 09.射馬干站 (Shemangan Station) 10.華山站 (Huashan Station) 11.大興站 (Dasing Station) 12.豐山站 (Fongshan Station) 13.松鶴站 (Songhe Station) 14.坪頂站 (PingDing Station) 15.蘇樂站 (Suru Station) 16.玉峰站 (Yufong Station) 17下田埔站 (Shiatainpu Station) 18.羌黃坑站 (Cianghuangkeng Station) 19.集來站 (Jilai Station) 20.來義站 (Laiyi Station) 21.大鳥站 (Daniao Station) 22.南豐站 (Nanfeng Station)Debris Flow Monitoring Station×18Landslide Monitoring Station×3Sediment Concentration Monitoring Station×4Mobile Debris Flow Monitoring Station ×3Portable Unit ×14 2
  3. 3. Sensors of Permanent monitoring station Geophone ultrasonic water level rain gauge Transmitter wire sensors CCD camera and infrared spotlight
  4. 4. Permanent Debris Flow Monitoring Station– Jioufen-ershan
  5. 5. Sensors in Debris Flow Monitoring Station Geophone Meteorological sensors Solar irradiation sensor Water Level Meter CCD CameraTemperature and Atmospherichumidity sensor pressure sensor Soil water Wire Sensor Wind speeds and content sensor directions sensor
  6. 6. Debris Flow Monitoring Information System – Shenmu Station
  7. 7. Current Debris Flow Monitoring SystemReal –time data is transmitted to ERC at SWCB by advanced communication technology, 3.5G such as satellite, 3.5G, and Internet. Cell phonesRain Gauge Geophone Mobile Station Emergency Response Center Online NoticeMeteorological Wire Sensor Instrument CCD Water Content Radar Water On-Site Station Level Gauge Power Supply Risk Mgmt.
  8. 8. Typhoon MORAKOTShen-Mu Debris FlowMonitoring Station
  9. 9. The Debris Flow Event of AiyuziRiver (8/8 16:57) Aiyuzi River CCD image (front) Aiyuzi River CCD image (side)
  10. 10. The comparison of UAV images before and after the debris flow event at upstream
  11. 11. 8/8 4:11 8/8 04:39 Wire 1 broke Wire 2 broke 20 0 時雨量(mm) 20 9/8/ 0 6 20 9/8/ 09: 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 The heaviest 80 90 0 6 0 2009/08/08 04:35 20 9/8/ 13: 0 1500mm 09 6 1 00 20 /8/ 7: 0 6 0 82mm/per hour 20 9/8/ 21: 0 0 7 00 Aiyuzi River wire broke 20 9/8/ 01: 0 7 0 Accumulate rainfall: 20 9/8/ 05: 0 rainfall : 09 7 0 00 20 /8/ 9: 0 7 0 20 9/8/ 13: 0 09 7 1 00 2 0 /8 / 7: 0 7 0 20 9/8/ 21: 0 0 8 00 20 9/8/ 01: 0 8 0 20 9/8/ 05: 0 09 8 0 00 20 /8/ 9: 0 8 0 20 9/8/ 13: 0 09 8 1 00 2 0 / 8 / 7: 0 8 0 20 9/8/ 21: 0 0 9 00 20 9/8/ 01: 09 9 0 00 神木時雨量 20 /8/ 5: 0 9 0 20 9/8/ 09: 0 0 9 0時間 20 9/8/ 13: 0 09 9 1 00 2 0 /8 7 0 / : 20 9/8/ 9 21 00 0 1 : 20 9/8/ 0 01 00 09 10 :0 神木累積雨量 20 /8/ 05 0 0 1 :0 2009/08/08 04:39 20 9/8/ 0 09 0 0 1 : 20 9/8/ 0 13 00 09 10 :0 20 /8/ 17 0 0 1 : 20 9/8/ 0 21 00 0 1 : 20 9/8/ 1 01 00 0 1 : 20 9/8/ 1 05 00 09 11 :0 20 /8/ 09 0 0 1 :0 20 9/8/ 1 13 0 09 11 :0 /8 17 0 /1 :0 1 0 21 :0 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 累積雨量(mm) 2009/08/08 04:41 Aiyuzi River Debris Flow Event
  12. 12. Estimating of debris flow velocity 50m 50m/3sec=17m/s 10 seconds 173m/10sec=17m/s The comparison of downstream and midstream Underground Sound analysis by Wavelet Transform at Shen-Mu station (8/8 4:36~4:42)
  13. 13. Mobile Debris Flow Monitoring Station
  14. 14. The 4th Generation MobileStation
  15. 15. 4thS Mobile monitoring station
  16. 16. Challenges on Extreme Weather Condition after Typhoon Morakot
  17. 17. Compound Hazards occurred simultaneously:Compound hazards occurred 甲仙鄉小林村災害 at Xiao-lin Village, Jia-xien, (複合型災害) Kaoshiung:  Flooding Pre-typhoon  Shallow landslide 2008/11  Debris flow  Deep landslide  Barrier dam Post-Morakot  Dam bursting 2009/8
  18. 18. Basin-Wide MonitoringNetwork Transmitting to ERC Upper Stream Portable Units Midstream Mobile Station On call for hazard alert and response Long-term Monitoring On-Site StationStream Down Hazard Alert & Response Time
  19. 19. Basin-Wide Monitoring Network  PointLinePlane: extended to upper stream and the source of debris, considering a whole watershed.  Combining on-site, mobile station, UAV and portable units. Portable Unit  Integrating data from different agencies. Mobile Station 地聲 On-Site 日照輻射計 Station CCD 自動溫濕度 水位計 計 大氣壓力計 土壤含水量 鋼索 風力風向計 土石流觀測站先進量測儀器
  20. 20. Portable Unit
  21. 21. Portable Unit R&D Design Conception OGC‐SWE  Standard Easy to Basic monitoring Transport functions Flexible on Various Instrument Communication Lightweight Installation Options Plug-and-Play Easy to Operate Power Supply 21
  22. 22. Portable Unit R&D Container and Carrier Design Aluminum-alloy carrier Carry on shoulder orMilitary-standard box drag by hand Full-Function ModelUse cables and nails to 96cm fix the box. CCD box 16cm 10kg Power Units 23cm 20kg 56cm Intermediate Main 63cm 35kg Box Basic & Model 50cm 35cm 22
  23. 23. Portable Unit R&D Rain Touch gauge Screen Control interface Data Geophone Processing Soil Units water moisture Data Power Transmitter Units 23
  24. 24. Receiving StorageRain gauge Soil moisture meter Receiver Computing Communication SWCB Geophone AD Converter Wild Box Module SASCCD Camera Portable NCDR Unit GetObservation() WRA SOS Portable Unit1 SPS MOTC Portable Unit2 CWBCWB SWCB WRA Portable Unit3
  25. 25. Sweet SWE Server Sensor Sweet SWE Sensor Server SensorApplication 2011 Geoinformatics Interoperability Days
  26. 26. Sweet SWE Server Sweet SWE Server SOS Management Task OBSERVE WS SOS SPS Service Storage WNS DB DB Server(c) 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium
  27. 27. Portable Units
  28. 28. Landslide Monitoring Building Landslide
  29. 29. Landslide Monitoring Landslide
  30. 30. Landslide MonitoringSetup Mobile Station Carry on portable unit Carry down to top of security the landslide
  31. 31. Landslide MonitoringSetup portable unit Working
  32. 32. Landslide monitoring systemWindow
  33. 33. SWE implemented in our monitoringinformation service platform  Monitoring information service has integrated to debris flow forecasting system.
  34. 34. SWE implemented in monitoring informationservice platform  Monitoring information service has integrated to debris flow forecastinghttp://monitor.swcb.gov.tw system.  User can click on sensor location and inquire observation data directly.
  35. 35. SWE implemented in monitoring informationservice platform  Monitoring information service has integrated to debris flow forecastinghttp://monitor.swcb.gov.tw system.  User can click on sensor location and inquire observation data directly.  External AP can request observed data published in our service platform Cite observed data External AP
  36. 36. Conclusions Use 3S technique and a complete monitoring and management system to provide complex type of hazards’ real-time data. Integrate information and data from agencies by OGC’s SWE standard. The portable unit includes PAC, battery, communication, CCD camera, geophone, handy rain gauge, soil moisture sensor and Sweet Swe Server. The portable unit had been approved a success on monitoring landslide and providing SWE-standard data to different agencies.
  37. 37. Thanks for your attention

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