CWI products are highly effective in handling some of the biggest issues faced in the production and handling of oil and natural gas. The picture in the upper left depicts what can happen when warm oil is brought to the surface and put into cold pipes. The paraffin solidifies and flow is greatly restricted. CWI paraffin inhibitors break complex hydrocarbons such as paraffin and asphaltene, placing them in the oil phase permanently. Flow is restored and pumping pressure is greatly reduced.
The picture in the lower left portrays the environmental damage caused by an oil spill. Cleanup and remediation of spills is difficult and costly. CWI products greatly aid in the cleanup of oil on land and water.
The picture in the lower right is of a strong emulsion. This thick substance contains oil, water and sediment, strongly bound in solution. CWI emulsion breakers separate strong emulsions into distinct phases of oil, water, and sediment.
The picture in the upper right shows produced water flowing from transport vehicles into a pit for disposal. 2 trillion barrels of this water is produced around the world annually. Much of it is injected into deep wells, unrecoverable for reuse. CWI offers water treatment systems that are highly suited to recycling this water.
CWI chemicals work by breaking complex hydrocarbon chains, reducing viscosity and pour point, and placing these simpler chains into the oil phase permanently. These products are highly effective, yet are derived from naturally occurring substances. This differentiates our chemicals from other similar products on the market. Our chemicals are low in cost to produce and are fully effective in low concentrations.
The effect of our chemicals on human skin is possible chapping resulting from breaking the oil in the skin. If our surface cleaners are ingested, the remedy is to drink plenty of water to avoid stomach upset.
From where this man is standing to the far bank is about 250 feet (76 m) and this &#x201C;canal&#x201D;, as it is called in Venezuela, extends about 2 miles (3.2 km) in length. It is filled to a depth of about 20 feet (6 m) with the strong emulsion shown in the person&#x2019;s hand to the lower left. This emulsion contains about 60% oil, 38% water, and 2% sediment. In the past, breaking this emulsion to reclaim the oil and drain the pit has been so costly that the Venezuelan oil agency PDVSA has just built more pits to store it. However, after more than 10 years of accumulation it is a problem they can no longer ignore. Over the past 3 years they have offered up to $40 per barrel of recovered oil to anyone who can drain this and the other pits of accumulated emulsions. This problem is seen in many oil producing nations and presents a growing problem for operators.
CWI developed a demonstration system to break this emulsion. The truck shown in the upper left uses our chemical emulsion breakers to separate 2000 barrels of this emulsion per day. It operates in a continuous process at ambient temperature. The picture in the lower left shows the inlet pipe drawing in the emulsion. The pictures to the right show the output of the system after separation. This oil, shown in the upper right is ready for the sales line. The water shown in the lower right is virtually free of hydrocarbons and can be further treated to render it potable. Production can be scaled to almost any volume.
CWI&#x2019;s chemicals are not only effective on breaking oil from strong emulsions, they are also able to break it from colloidal solids. The sample shown in the picture to the upper left was removed from the side of the pit shown in the previous slide. Oil has permeated the soil and been baked in the sun. This is equivalent to the tar sands in Canada and other places. To demonstrate the effectiveness of CWI products in recovering this oil, we rented a small cement mixer. CWI chemicals were placed in the mixer with the sample and the solution was mixed into the slurry shown in the upper right. A small sample of the slurry was then collected in the jar shown on the lower left and allowed to settle. Distinct phases of oil and sand can be clearly seen in the jar. Notice also that the oil is not sticking to the walls of the cement mixer. This is because CWI chemicals create a &#x201C;water wet&#x201D; surface in the mixer. A quick spray of water is all that is required to clean the surface of the mixer right to the bare metal. This metal is now free of hydrocarbons.
The same effects demonstrated in breaking oil emulsions and removal of oil from surfaces occurs in tanks. Thick sludge from the bottom of a tank is shown in the beaker to the left. After adding CWI chemicals to the sludge, clear phases of oil, water and sediment can be seen in the beaker on the right. Full appreciation of the implications of what is seen in the beakers is gained only when you understand how our competitors remove sludge and clean tanks like the ones shown on the right. Conventional methods of cleaning these tanks involve draining the tanks and sending crews into the tanks with shovels to remove the sludge. This is hazardous and time consuming.
CWI simply injects its chemicals into the tank and breaks the sludge. After the sludge is broken, pumps are used to remove the liquid and sediment. More than 95% of the oil is recovered from the sludge and is available for resale. The tanks are left clean to the bare metal and are back in service in less than 30 days.
CWI chemicals have been used to stimulate production in over 70 oil wells. The plots above depict production data from three wells in Venezuela treated in 2001 in a pilot study. Each plot shows production levels spanning a period of one year. At the center of the plots, a vertical line is shown at the point CWI products were injected. After treatment, production was nearly doubled in these wells. These three wells produced an additional 42,292 barrels over an average production period of just over 100 days after stimulation.
The picture to the lower left shows what happens when heavy rains flood the large Venezuelan pits shown in an earlier slide. CWI products were used for cleanup and remediation of this spill. To demonstrate the ability of our products to remove the oil, a sample of contaminated foliage from this spill was place in a jar along with our chemicals. The jar shows clear phases of oil, water, foliage and sediment in the bottom. The picture in the lower right clearly shows how hydrocarbons are quickly broken by our surface cleaners.
The same spill shown on the left of the previous slide also covered a creek with oil. The picture to the right of this slide shows what happens when our product is applied to the surface of water covered by oil. This creek was cleared of oil by spraying the surface with our chemicals and driving the oil to two collection points in the main branch of this creek. CWI plans to develop processes for removal of oil from the surface of oceans by containing spills with booms and driving the oil to collection points using our chemicals.
The plot to the upper right of this slide shows what happens when CWI paraffin and asphaltene inhibitors are injected into this thick oil. The blue line shows that the viscosity of the oil is reduced by approximately 80%. The green numbers along the x-axis show that this CWI product is fully effective at a concentration of only 800 parts per million. The plot to the lower right shows a reduction of approximately 28% in flowing friction resulting from the &#x201C;water wet&#x201D; surface our products create in metal pipes, tanks and other infrastructure. After injection with our chemicals, this thick mass of oil will now flow in this pipe as liquid oil with reduced friction. Existing accumulations are removed from the interior wall of pipes and additional accumulations prevented.
This table summarizes the products presented in the previous slides.
CWI offers GlobalSep electrocoagulation systems for the treatment of oil and natural gas wastewater streams. These systems are well suited to the removal of contaminants commonly found in these industries. The solids removed from contaminated water through electrocoagulation are inert, reducing the cost of disposal. A short list of the contaminants removed and removal rates are shown on the right.
The produced water shown in the picture to the top center of this slide is of highly contaminated produced water. After passing through the electrocoagulation system, a sample of the water was placed in the cup being held in the right hand of the operator shown in the picture to the right. The pipe in the operator&#x2019;s left hand contains only cotton fiber. Clear water can be seen in the cup at the bottom.
These are before and after pictures of cleaning projects where CWI chemicals were used. From top to bottom these grates were sprayed under pressure with CWI chemicals and then rinsed with water.
The electrical cabinets shown to the right were completely cleaned of baked on accumulations without harm to the paint.
This piping infrastructure was cleaned completely of accumulations. Note that even the sand is free of hydrocarbons after cleaning.
Even wildlife was cleaned with our chemicals.
The natural color of these rocks is returned after cleaning with our chemicals.
CWI OVERVIEW LT
RECOVERY & REMEDIATION SOLUTIONS
Clean World Innovations is a technology company that advances effective alternatives with all
natural, non-toxic, non-contaminating products to enhance oil production; provide highly
effective environmental and industrial clean up; minimize waste materials; and provide integral
water treatment solutions for industry, municipalities and other agencies.
Clean World Innovations, LLC 1
CWI OFFERS SOLUTIONS TO SOME OF
PETROLEUM’S GREATEST CHALLENGES
TRANSPORT & HANDLING WATER TREATMENT
CWI products break complex hydrocarbons, CWI water treatment systems
restoring ﬂow and leaving a water-wet offer cost-effective
coating on pipe interior alternatives for recycling
E N V I R O N M E N T A L
CONTAMINATION OIL RECOVERY
CWI offers solutions for cleanup and CWI products separate oil, water and
remediation of oil on solid and liquid oil from sludge and strong emulsions
Clean World Innovations, LLC 2
ENZYME & CHEMICAL PRODUCTS OVERVIEW
CWI has developed proprietary enzyme and chemical products for a wide range of
applications in the Oil and Natural Gas Industries
Clean World Innovations, LLC 3
CWI CHEMICAL PRODUCTS OVERVIEW
• Breaks Complex Hydrocarbon Chains
• Reduces viscosity and pour point
• Reduces ﬂowing friction
• Enhances transportation and
• Breaks strong emulsions of oil and
• Breaks parafﬁn and asphaltene
• Broad range of applications
• Environmentally Friendly
• Non-toxic, biodegradable
• Derived from natural sources
• Highly Efﬁcient
• Full efﬁcacy at only 800 PPM
• Low in cost
• Safe and easy to handle and apply
Clean World Innovations, LLC 4
CWI EMULSION SEPARATION SYSTEM
One giant step forward in oil/water
• Continuous ﬂow system separates
water and oil emulsions at ambient
• Yields oil <1% BS&W and clear
• Portable and scalable to meet
Pit oil - a strong emulsion of oil and • Water can be re-injected or A continuous stream of clean water and
water is fed into the CWI Emulsion oil <1% BS&W ﬂows out in a single
puriﬁed for reuse in drilling or process, at ambient temperature
• Resale of recovered oil typically
pays for the process and yields a
• All wastes from process are inert
and will pass TCLP; disposable in
• Customer is left with salable oil,
clear water and clean storage tanks
Clean World Innovations, LLC 6
OIL SEPARATION FROM COLLOIDAL SOLIDS
CWI products break break down sludge and To demonstrate, solidiﬁed waste and CWI Clean Disintegration of solids now complete;
solid waste Break product are placed in cement mixer hydrocarbons have been broken
After treatment, oil and clean sand settle Tank is now clean with nothing more than a
Residue does not stick to sides of mixer
into distinct layers rinse of water
Clean World Innovations, LLC 7
CWI TANK & INFRASTRUCTURE CLEANING
Turnkey solutions for tank accumulations
• Cleanup of fuel storage tanks, including crude, diesel, gasoline
• Sludge removed without entry by personnel
• Recovers > 95% of oil from sludge
• Utilizes non-toxic, environmentally friendly chemicals
• Provides virtually oil-free surfaces and gas-free environment
ready for entry
• Rapid turnaround time
• Reduces danger of explosive and toxic vapors – lowers H2S &
Tank Capacity - 500,000 bbl
TEL levels vs conventional methods Tank Diameter - 273 ft
• Restores equipment efﬁciency/capacity Sludge Vol. - 5.5 ft (60,000 bbl)
Tank cleaning completed in 21 days
• Recovered water has no impact on wastewater treatment plant
• Water has low BOD, COD, and TOC levels (dependent on
Tank Capacity - 400,000 bbl
Tank Diameter - 224 ft
Sludge Volume - 5 ft (35,900 bbl)
Tank cleaning completed in 17 days
CWI products break sludge into distinct phases of oil,
water and sediment
Clean World Innovations, LLC 8
OIL WELL PRODUCTION ENHANCEMENT/
Enzyme Treatment Enzyme Treatment
Field: Lago V
Reservoirs: C 4
Total Production (3 Wells)
Clean World Innovations, LLC 9
CLEANUP & REMEDIATION - LAND-BASED
• Applications include
• General cleanup of surfaces, equipment, and infrastructure
• Cleanup and remediation of oil and fuel spills on the ground
• After application of CWI environmental cleaner, oil products, including
crude oil, grease, asphaltene, and fuels can be washed away with water
• Unlike other oil and grease cleaners that just dilute oil, our products
trap and dissolve the hydrocarbons which can then be separated and
recovered; the remaining solution is rendered non-toxic
Clean World Innovations, LLC 10
OIL SPILL REMEDIATION - ON WATER
n Point Treated
• CWI products enables rapid cleanup Oil on surface of
river is dispersed
of oil spilled on the surface of water with a single spray
of CWI product,
revealing a sandy
• For spills covering large areas, oil can yellow bottom
be conﬁned with booms and
migrated to collection points
• A light mist of the product is all that is
required to disperse the oil it contacts
Clean World Innovations, LLC 11
c hn es
o l og i
• CWI products restore full ﬂow in transportation infrastructure
by clearing accumulations of parafﬁn, asphaltenes, and hydrates
from the walls of pipes and other transport equipment 100.00 90%
• Treated surfaces are left with a hydrophilic layer that resists
Viscosity @ 80°F (cSt)
subsequent buildup and signiﬁcantly reduces ﬂowing friction 60.00
Change (%) 50%
• Periodic treatment maintains full ﬂow efﬁciency and reduces
Cutting Edge Technology for the World
handling costs and pump wear 20.00 20%
Te 0.00 0%
• Enhances ﬂow conditions by improving oil properties; viscosity,
o l og i 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500
pour point; also effective in water injection wells CONCENTRATION (PPM)
Parafﬁn accumulation /012".-23$4567/6789
Viscosity @ 86°F (cP) % Change 15%
0.0040 85% 80%
3000 Friction Loss (psi / ft)
0.0020 Change (%)
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 40%
1000 CONCENTRATION (PPM)
ed w/ BQ-500
ed w/ BQ-903
reated w/ EB
Clean World Innovations, LLC 12
CWI ENZYME & CHEMICAL PRODUCTS SUMMARY
List of Proprietary Enzymatic and Chemical Compounds Available
Product Application Physical Characteristics Temperature Limit Outstanding Characteristics Beneﬁts
CWI-31/32/33 General Color: Light green or light 60°F to 200°F Combination of solvent and surfactant • At low concentrations cleans
Degreaser and blue; odor: citrus agents. equipment internals.
cleaning agent Degrades hydrocarbon molecules into • Works also in external surfaces,
biodegradable products that are easily cleaning equipment and structures.
disposed of. • Water injection well cleanup
CWI-11/12 Environmental Color: Light green or light 60°F to 200°F Breaks heavy fractions into more manageable • Improved cleaning action.
Cleanup blue; odor: citrus products. Aids in the separation of • Savings in labor
hydrocarbon from surfaces. Can be disposed • Does not contaminate.
of safely in the ground.
CWI-22 Solvent and Color: Light green or light 60°F to 280°F Degrades long chain paraffin molecules into • Increases API gravity.
Paraffin blue; odor: citrus smaller molecules, putting them in oil phase • Decreases viscosity.
Inhibitor permanently, not allowing them to precipitate • Reduces Pour Point.
again. • Improves ﬂuidity.
• Improves water/oil separation.
• Reduces emulsions.
CWI-21 Solvent and Color: Light green or light 60°F to 280°F Degrades complex asphaltene molecules into
asphaltene blue; odor: citrus simpler molecules, putting them in oil phase
inhibitor permanently, not allowing them to precipitate
CWI-24/26 Viscosity / Color: Light green or light 60°F to 280°F Works both eliminating the emulsions and • Improves ﬂuidity.
Friction control blue; odor: citrus dissolving heavy fractions, thereby improving • Reduces emulsions
viscosity, emulsions, and decreasing friction. • Forms hydrophilic layers in the
CWI-25 Surfactant Color: Light yellow; odor: 60°F to 280°F Reduces interfacial surface tension, and has • Improves ﬂuidity.
neutral the ability to soften paraffin. Improves • Forms layers in the pipelines.
viscosity, and decreases friction. • Surface clean up applications.
CWI-23 Demulsiﬁer Color: Light yellow; odor: 60°F to 280°F Breaks emulsions without adding heat to the • Improves ﬂuidity.
neutral system. • Reduces emulsions.
• Applications in oil recovery from pits.
Clean World Innovations, LLC 13
WATER TREATMENT SOLUTIONS
CWI offers leading-edge solutions for treating highly
contaminated wastewater streams, highly effective in the
Oil and Natural Gas Industry
Clean World Innovations, LLC 14
OIL & NATURAL GAS WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
GLOBALSEP CORPORATION, 1610 Jefferson Ave., LaGrande OR. 97850, Tel: (541)962-1500 Fax: (541)963
HVC ELECTROCOAGULATION CAPABILITIES:
CWI EC systems vs conventional treatment methods
• Highly effective on wastewater streams from oil and natural gas production TKN
• Produced Water Tin
• Frac-ﬂowback ﬂuids
• Water from broken emulsions Phosphates
• EC removes contaminants in a wide variety of waste streams Nickel
• Sludge production Molybdenum
• After dewatering, EC treated sludge has a moisture content of only 15 to
• EC produces 15% less sludge by volume and weight; lower handling costs Iron
• Metals contained in the sludge treated by EC will be in a non-hazardous, Oils
oxide form, allowing land disposal as non-hazardous waste Cyanide
• The treated sludge will be biologically sterilized, resulting in little or no Copper
odor Color Rem oval
• EC sludge passes Toxic Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) analysis Cobalt
• 99.999% removal of pathogens, bacteria, cysts, viruses
• Herbicides and pesticides are effectively removed Cadm ium
• EC allows elimination of polymers and other chemicals used for coagulation BOD
and aggregation of particulates Barium
• EC achieves a removal rate of BOD and suspended solids that exceed Bacteria
current and foreseeable EPA discharge requirements Arsenic
• EC treated water is suitable for reuse rather than disposal
0 20 40 60 80 100
• Lower capital and operating costs
% Percentage Removed
Clean World Innovations, LLC 15
PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT - PETROBOSCAN
• CWI water treatment systems are very
effective in treating highly-contaminated Produced Water ﬂowing
produced water into surge tank
• Systems can be scaled to almost any level
• Mobile treatment platforms available for
• Treated water suitable for re-injection
without plugging wells
• Patented electrode cartridge conﬁguration
• Lower capital and operating costs than
competing EC systems
sample is poured
through simple ﬁlter,
leaving only clear
water in cup
of clean water
Clean World Innovations, LLC 16