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Developing Countries Pursuing Nuclear Technology


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In This Podcast, We'll Be Discussing Nuclear Proliferation. We'll Take a Look at Two Well-Known Developing Countries Who have Nuclear Ambitions, and Explain The implications of allowing these countries to develop nuclear technology.

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Developing Countries Pursuing Nuclear Technology

  1. 1. Nuclear Proliferation in Developing Countries Robby Lock 4th Period Mrs. Blocker’s Contemporary World Issues Class
  2. 2. Why Do Developing Countries Pursue Nuclear Technology ? <ul><li>Increased International Attention and Influence </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates Country’s Technological Ability </li></ul><ul><li>Country Lacks Nuclear Deterrent </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbors Developed/Developing Nuclear Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiating Asset </li></ul>
  3. 3. Iran’s Pursuit of Nuclear Technology Reason for Controversy <ul><li>Controversy exists over Iran’s Uranium Enrichment Program. </li></ul><ul><li>United States claims Iran is intending to develop Nuclear Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Israel- Threat to Sole Possession of Nuclear Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Iran pursuing Nuclear weapons encourages neighboring countries to pursue nuclear technology </li></ul>
  4. 4. Iran’s Pursuit of Nuclear Technology Introduction <ul><li>1950’s- Nuclear Technology Introduced to Iran </li></ul><ul><li>1970- Iran Ratifies Nuclear NPA </li></ul><ul><li>1974- Saudi Arabia Tests Nuclear Device </li></ul><ul><li>1979- Iranian Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>First Nuclear Power Plant: Bushehr I </li></ul><ul><li>Iranian Government Asserts Program is Peaceful, not for Arms. </li></ul>Iranian Leader Tours Nuclear Research Center Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  5. 5. Iran’s Pursuit of Nuclear Technology Recent Developments <ul><li>August 2002 – Uranium Enrichment Plant in Natanz, Iran Discovered </li></ul><ul><li>December 2002 – U.S. accuses Iran of Pursuing Nuclear Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>December 2006- Nuclear Technology Trade Ban Introduced </li></ul><ul><li>Israel Threatens to Attack Iran’s Nuclear Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Iran now has approximately 1 Metric Ton of enriched Uranium </li></ul><ul><li>Iran has imported some “Weapons Grade” Uranium </li></ul><ul><li>Not Sufficient for A Bomb </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot Produce “Weapons Grade” Uranium Domestically (April 2009) </li></ul>
  6. 6. North Korea’s Pursuit of Nuclear Technology Background Information <ul><li>1993- North Korea Quits Nuclear Nonproliferation treaty </li></ul><ul><li>1994- U.S. and Pyongyang Agreement: International Aid Developing Nuclear Power in Exchange for Dismantlement of North Korean Nuclear Program </li></ul><ul><li>1998- North Korea Launches Missile over Japan into Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>2000- U.S. Nuclear Power Construction in North Korea Delayed, Threatens to Restart Nuclear Arms Program </li></ul><ul><li>2002- President George Bush Declares North Korea in “Axis of Evil” </li></ul>North Korea Leader: Kim Jong Il
  7. 7. North Korea’s Pursuit of Nuclear Technology Recent Developments <ul><li>2006- North Korea Tests Taepodong 2 Missile. Test Fails. </li></ul><ul><li>2007 – North Korea Agrees to Dismantle Nuclear Arms Plants </li></ul><ul><li>April 5 2009 - North Korea Claims to Launch Satellite into Space, U.S. says test failed </li></ul><ul><li>April 10 2009 - announces it will tighten economic sanctions against North Korea to punish the communist regime for its launch of a rocket </li></ul><ul><li>April 13 2009- UN Demands North Korea: No More Rocket Launches </li></ul><ul><li>April 18 2009- North Korea says any Sanctions imposed will be considered “Act of War” </li></ul>
  8. 8. How Do We Prevent Nuclear Proliferation? <ul><li>The Goal is to Maintain Peaceful uses of Nuclear Technology (Like Nuclear Power), while simultaneously preventing the spread of nuclear weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>Early 1960’s – Many Military and Political Leaders feared spread of Nuclear Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Late 1960’s – United States and Russia Develop Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty </li></ul>
  9. 9. Citation Page <ul><li>Text Sources: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Nuclear Weapons - Iran.&quot; Global Security. 24 Apr 2009 <http:// >. </li></ul><ul><li> Bruno, Greg. &quot;Iran's Nuclear Program.&quot; Council on Foreign Affairs. 24 Apr 2009 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Iran's Nuclear Development . Washington Post. 27 Apr 2009 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Karimi , Nasser. Iran warns Israel not to attack nuclear sites . The Associated Press. 27 Apr 2009 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Montlake, Simon. &quot;US officials weigh Iran's nuclear weapons capability.&quot; Christian Science Monitor. 27 Apr 2009 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Timeline: N. Korea Nuclear Dispute.&quot; CNN. 27 Apr 2009 <>. </li></ul>