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Plot is the literary element that describes the
structure of a story. It shows the a causal
arrangement of events and acti...
Types of Linear Plots
Plots can be told in
Chronological order
Flashback
In media res (in the middle of things)
when the s...
Pyramid Plot Structure
The most basic and
traditional form of
plot is pyramid-
shaped.
This structure has
been described i...
Aristotle’s Unified Plot
The basic triangle-shaped plot structure was
described by Aristotle in 350 BCE. Aristotle used
th...
Freytag’s Plot Structure
Freytag modified Aristotle’s system by adding a
rising action (or complication) and a falling act...
Modified Plot Structure
Freytag’s Pyramid is often modified so that it
extends slightly before and after the primary
risin...
Plot Components
Exposition: the start of the
story, the situation before the
action starts
Rising Action: the series of
co...
Conflict
Conflict is the dramatic struggle
between two forces in a story.
Without conflict, there is no
plot.
Types of Conflict
Human vs Nature
Human vs Society
Human vs Self
Internal Conflict
Human vs Human
Interpersonal Conflict
Types of Conflict
Human vs Nature
Human vs Society
Human vs Self
Internal Conflict
Human vs Human
Interpersonal Conflict
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Plot structure

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Plot

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Plot structure

  1. 1. Plot is the literary element that describes the structure of a story. It shows the a causal arrangement of events and actions within a story. Teaching Plot Structure Through Short Stories
  2. 2. Types of Linear Plots Plots can be told in Chronological order Flashback In media res (in the middle of things) when the story starts in the middle of the action without exposition
  3. 3. Pyramid Plot Structure The most basic and traditional form of plot is pyramid- shaped. This structure has been described in more detail by Aristotle and by Gustav Freytag.
  4. 4. Aristotle’s Unified Plot The basic triangle-shaped plot structure was described by Aristotle in 350 BCE. Aristotle used the beginning, middle, and end structure to describe a story that moved along a linear path, following a chain of cause and effect as it works toward the solution of a conflict or crisis.
  5. 5. Freytag’s Plot Structure Freytag modified Aristotle’s system by adding a rising action (or complication) and a falling action to the structure. Freytag used the five-part design shown above to describe a story’s plot.
  6. 6. Modified Plot Structure Freytag’s Pyramid is often modified so that it extends slightly before and after the primary rising and falling action. You might think of this part of the chart as similar to the warm-up and cool-down for the story.
  7. 7. Plot Components Exposition: the start of the story, the situation before the action starts Rising Action: the series of conflicts and crisis in the story that lead to the climax Climax: the turning point, the most intense moment—either mentally or in action Falling Action: all of the action which follows the climax Resolution: the conclusion, the tying together of all of the threads
  8. 8. Conflict Conflict is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot.
  9. 9. Types of Conflict Human vs Nature Human vs Society Human vs Self Internal Conflict Human vs Human Interpersonal Conflict
  10. 10. Types of Conflict Human vs Nature Human vs Society Human vs Self Internal Conflict Human vs Human Interpersonal Conflict

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