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  1. 1. Fluency Strategies for Paraprofessionals <ul><li>Presented by Catherine Flynn </li></ul>March 19, 2010
  2. 2. What is fluency? <ul><li>“ The ability to read text accurately, quickly, and with good prosody so that time can be allocated to comprehension” Maryanne Wolf </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is fluency important? <ul><li>Fluent reading makes the meaning of the text come to life. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How can we help students become fluent readers? <ul><li>Model fluent reading </li></ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities for supported practice </li></ul><ul><li>Provide immediate corrective feedback </li></ul><ul><li>These will help students develop accuracy, rate, and prosody </li></ul>
  5. 5. Echo reading <ul><li>Can be used with individuals or small groups </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone has a copy of the text </li></ul><ul><li>Model fluent reading of short segments of text </li></ul><ul><li>Student imitates, or echos, your reading of the text </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used for a first read or as practice </li></ul><ul><li>Always discuss the text and its meaning </li></ul>
  6. 6. Choral reading <ul><li>Best for use with pairs of students or small groups </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone has a copy of the text </li></ul><ul><li>Read text aloud to students, modeling expression and prosody </li></ul><ul><li>Have students reread text with you--repeat as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Have students read text chorally without you </li></ul>
  7. 7. Phrase-cued reading <ul><li>Use with individuals or small groups of students </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone has a copy of text marked with phrase cues </li></ul><ul><li>Read text aloud to student(s), exaggerating phrases at first </li></ul><ul><li>Have students chorally read the phrase-cued text </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat as needed with marked text </li></ul><ul><li>Practice with unmarked text </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tracking progress <ul><li>Involving students in tracking their own progress is motivating </li></ul><ul><li>Timed readings can be done at regular intervals and tracked </li></ul><ul><li>Very important to remind students that speed alone is not the goal </li></ul>
  9. 9. Questions?