Students will analyze events on the Internet and collaborate to develop methods to help students deal with negative Internet experiences. Students will evaluate the concept of Personal Learning Networks (PLN) to establish an Internet PLN for continuing education.
Definition: ◦ “The use of interactive technologies . . . to deliberately and repeatedly deliver slanderous, harrassing, obsessive, or obscene messages that result in harm to the recipient” (Walker, et al. 2011). Plethora of Technology ◦ 276.6 million wireless subscribers, June 2009 ◦ 1.36 trillion SMS messages in 2009 ◦ 3.5 billion pieces of content every week (Facebook, 2010)
Li and Beran (2005)• Students angry, sad, and hurtChapell, et al. (2006)• Most school shooters were bulliedSanchez et al. (2009)• 60% of health professionals report at least one patient with a “problematic Internet experience,” 54% of those were 18 or younger
Traditional vs. Cyber ◦ 24/7 Access (Kowalski & Limber, 2007; Raskuaskas & Stoltz, 2007) ◦ Frequency (Ybarra, Diener-West & Leaf, 2007) Anonymity ◦ Greater disparity of power (Raskuaskas & Stoltz, 2007) Using Cyber – tools to Bully ◦ Bully (Kowalski & Limber, 2007; Raskuaskas & Stoltz, 2007) ◦ Camera Phones (Kowalski & Limber, 2007)
Understanding technology used ◦ Instant messaging, email, chat rooms (Kowalski & Limber, 2007) ◦ Text messaging, Internet or Website, camera phones (Raskuaskas & Stoltz, 2007) Autonomy of youth ◦ Agatston, Kowalski, & Limber (2005) ◦ Jovonen & Gross (2008) Involvement of adults ◦ Parents, teachers, and administrators
Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2005). Cyber-harassment: A study of a new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32(3), 265 – 277. Retrieved from http://navigator-iup.passhe.edu/ login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ehh&jid=E69&site=ehost-liveDilmac, B. (2009). Psychological needs as a predictor or cyber bullying: a Preliminary report on college students. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 9(3), 1307 – 1325. Retrieved from http:// www.eric.ed.gov:80/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/45/98/43.pdfHaber, J. D. & Haber, S. B. (2007). Cyberbullying: A “virtual” camp nightmare? Camping Magazine, 80, 52 – 57.Juvonen, J., & Gross, E. F. (2008). Extending the school grounds? – Bullying experiences in cyberspace. Journal of School Health, 78(9), 496 – 505. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00335.xKowalski, R. M., & Limber, S. P. (2007). Electronic bullying among middle school students. Journal of Adolescent Health 41, 22 – 30. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.08.018Li, Q. (2008). A cross-cultural comparison of adolescents’ experience related to cyberbullying. Educational Research, 50(3), 223 – 234. doi:10.1080/00131880802309333Raskauskas, J., & Stoltz, A.D. (2007). Involvement in traditional and electronic bullying among adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 43(3), 564 – 575. doi:10.1037/0012-16188.8.131.524Ybarra, M.L., & Mitchell, K. J. (2004). Youth engaging in online harassment: Associations with caregiver- child relationships, Internet use, and personal characteristics. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 319 – 336. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2004.03.2007Walker, C.M., Rajan Sockman, B., & Koehn, S. (2011) An Exploratory Study or Cyberbullying with Undergraduate College Students. Tech Trends: Leading and Learning in Education, 55(2), 31 – 38.http://jdorman.wikispaces.com/