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  1. 1. Emodile Educational motivation of disadvantaged learnersHeverlee 2010-2012 Grundtvig Belgium
  2. 2. Educational needs of disadvantaged people
  3. 3. What is disadvantaged, what does it means : educational needs• lacking in the basic resources or conditions (as standard housing, medical and educational facilities, and civil rights) believed to be necessary for an equal position in society• In Belgium 5 indicators: health, work, financial situation, housing, educational history, more of 3 negative= disadvantaged
  4. 4. What is disadvantaged, what educational needs• Less than 3 indicators= “unfortunated people” they had no luck. There is no word in English that describes this “kansengroep” ( group)• Educational needs: (see Baert ) 4 levels 1. Feeling of dissatisfaction, not to express 2. Wording of a question, a need 3. Seeing the educational opportunities to answer the educational question 4. Action: educational participation
  5. 5. First year 2010-2011• Autobiographical stories, conclusions presented in a practice theory (more survey necessary) learning process of adults in difficult situations is typical:
  6. 6. Learning in difficult situations• They all lived in an endangered world• They have survival experiences• They use their survival skills in learning situations• they set realistic outcomes from short terms• yet they have long-term goals• They have strong internal motivations• They shows a very mature behavior
  7. 7. Learning in difficult situations• The self-confidence, self-esteem is strong but possible not related to diverse cultures (where they live) so they have identity stress• The locus of control is internal (is a theory in personality psychology referring to the extent to which individuals believe that they can control events that affect them.)• they are in charge of their destiny, they perceive their ability to change events, to change their lives
  8. 8. Learning in difficult situations• They need a personal approach, they flourish in an invironment where someone gives a strong support• The benefits of a diploma are stronger than the costs• Someone said: "if a mother is motivated to learn, then you motivate the whole family”• Mostly: mobility is not a threshold to start a study
  9. 9. Learning in difficult situations• They are adults, and adults learn different: – Responsible – + reinforcement is a strong part of the teaching/learning process: “yes you can “ – Retention: not only accept information but also repetition or recall of the information by experiences, doing, observation, autobiographical learning, so that information is meaningful , significant
  10. 10. Learning in difficult situations-- transferability: they want to useinformation in a new setting-practice orientated: the information must be useful in the practice- ….
  11. 11. LEARNING FROM DIFFICULT SITUATIONS• all the visual images were invented by the students!• Link to the movie:
  12. 12. Depth interviews• +- 40 interviews carried out by the students:• a list of questions about educational capacity, based on Baert and co• the questionnaire has not been processed, but there are already noticeable trends: – Locus of control is external – Mobility is a threshold – Socio-demographic characteristics are more important by disadvantaged learners , the educational history is different, expectations on a very short time (magic)
  13. 13. Depth interviews• Low self-esteem• Educational needs are very confused, vague• Emphasis on costs ,contra’s• A lot of structural problems: attractive offer, time duration, pace of learning time , price…