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The english consonant

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This doc is about the 24 consonants we have in English language

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The english consonant

  1. 1. THE ENGLISHCONSONANTS
  2. 2. Definition A consonant is a sound produced by a partial or complete obstruction of the air stream. It is classified by: -Place of articulation; -Manner of articulation; -Voicing. Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  3. 3. /b/-It is a billabial, plossive and voiced consonant; e.g.: belong /bɪ´lɔng/ big /bɪg / Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  4. 4. /d/-It is an alveolar, plosive and voiced consonant (devoiced at the end of a word);e.g.: Deep /di:p/ Independence /ɪndɪ´pɜndəns/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  5. 5. /f/-It is a Labiodental, fricative and devoiced consonant;e.g.: Find / faɪnd/ Laugh /læf / Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  6. 6. /g/- It is a velar, plosive and voiced consonant (devoiced at the end of a word); e.g.: Good /gʊd / Forgive /fər´gɪv/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  7. 7. /h/-It is a glottal, plosive and unvoiced consonant;e.g.: Hello /hələʊ/ Behind /bɪ´haɪnd/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  8. 8. /k/-It is a velar, plosive and unvoiced consonant;e.g.: Cot / kɒt/ Pick /piːk/ *It can be aspirated at the bigining of a word Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  9. 9. /L/-It is an alveolar, lateral and voiced consonant;e.g.: Lip /lɪp/ Colonial /kə´ləʊniəl Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  10. 10. /m/-It is a bilabial, nasal and voiced consonant ( it may be unvoiced after /s/);e.g.: Mine /maɪn/ Smart /sma:t/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  11. 11. /n/- It is an alveolar nasal and voiced consonant (it may be unvoiced after /s/);e.g.: Need /ni:d/ Snow /snəʊ/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  12. 12. /ŋ/- It is velar, nasal and voiced consonant;e.g.: Sink /sɪŋk / Long /lɒŋ/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  13. 13. /p/-It is a bilabial, plosive and unvoiced consonant;e.g.:Park /paːk/ Soup /suː p/ *it can be aspirated at the bigining of a word Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  14. 14. /r/-It is a post alveolar, an approximant and voiced;e.g.: Red /red/ Party /paːti / Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  15. 15. /s/- It is an alveolar, fricative and unvoiced consonant; e.g.: Simple /´sɪmpl/ Describe /dɪskraɪb/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  16. 16. /t/-It is an alveolar, plosive and unvoiced consonant;e.g.: Tongue /tʌŋ/ support /sə´pɔ:t/ *It can be aspirated at the bigining of a word Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  17. 17. /v/-It is a labiodental, fricative and voiced consonant;e.g.: Vizit / vɪzɪt/ Convince /kən´vɪns/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  18. 18. /z/-It is na alveolar, fricative and voiced consonant; e.g.: Zoo /zuː/ Lazy /leɪzɪ/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  19. 19. /w/-It is a bilabial , approximant and voiced consonant (it is also considered “sime vowel”); e.g.: Wood /wʊd/ Hallway /hɔːlwe / ɪ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  20. 20. /j/- It is a palatal, approximant and voiced consonant (it is also considered “sime vowel”);e.g.: Yes / jes/ ʒ Usual /´juː uəl/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  21. 21. /ʃ/-It is a post alveolar, fricative and unvoiced consonant;e.g.: Shop /ʃɒp/ Wash /wɒʃ/ * It can be represented by š (specially American authors) Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  22. 22. /ʒ/ It is a post alveolar, fricative and voiced consonant;e.g.: Measure /´meʒər/ Beige /beɪʒ/ * It can be represented by ž (specially American authors) Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  23. 23. / tʃ /- It is a post alveolar, affricative and unvoiced consonant; e.g.:Church /tʃɜː ʃ/ t Chubby /´tʃʌbɪ/ * It can be represented by č (specially American authors) Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  24. 24. / dʒ /- It is a post alveolar, affricative and voiced consonant;e.g.: Judge /dʒʌdʒ/ Large /laː ʒ/ d * It can be represented by ǰ (specially American authors) Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  25. 25. /θ/- It is a dental, fricative and unvoiced consonant;e.g.: Therapy /´θerəpi/ ɪ Thesis /´θiːs s/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  26. 26. /ð/- It is a dental, fricative and voiced consonant; e.g.: That /ðæt/ Than /ðən/ Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  27. 27. Reference Roach, P. 1999: English Phonetics and Phonology, Second Edition: A pratical Course.Cambridge University Press, 0- 521-40718-4 Souhila, M., & Mahiout, N.(2008). Pronunciation and Spelling: All streams and levels. Dar El Hadith Lil- Kitab, 978994723254 5. Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV
  28. 28. Thank you! ***The end***Carlos Alberto Vieira. English Studies, 3rd year - UNICV

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