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Plagiarism final


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Presentation on plagiarism prevention and detection addressed to nurse educators. Presented by Heather Collins, MLS and Crystal Cameron-Vedros, MLS

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Plagiarism final

  1. 1. Plagiarism Crystal Cameron-Vedros, MLS Heather Collins< MLS A.R. Dykes Library May 7, 2012
  2. 2. PlagiarismA CHILD STUDENT MIND PAPERIs not a vase to be filled, but a fire to be lit.-Francois Rabelias
  3. 3. Objectives1. Understand what plagiarism is2. Context and culture of plagiarism3. Prevention4. Technology tools and their limitations
  4. 4. PlagiarismUse or close imitation of the language andthoughts of another author and therepresentation of them as ones ownoriginal work.-Random House Dictionary 1995
  5. 5. PlagiariusCan you translate this Latin term?
  6. 6. PlagiarismThe Latin word, plagiarius, means kidnap orplunder. Plagiarism is kidnapping in theacademic sense.-Plagiarism: a how-not-to guide for students, 2009
  7. 7. PlagiarismIt is ethically wrong to falsely pass offinformation as your own.
  8. 8. Plagiarism Using work from another source and not citing the source. Not putting quotation marks around a quotation. Providing false information about where a quotation was derived: fabricating. Reworking the words but keeping the exact same structure. Claiming others’ works to be yours.
  9. 9. Copyright Infringement Using the intellectual property of others without seeking permission. Even by citing your source and giving attribution to the creator, copyright infringement can be claimed if the owner chooses to file a complaint.
  10. 10. Fair UseFair use offers a set of guidelines withwhich the courts can refer when judging acopyright infringement claim.Go here foe a commonly used Fair UseChecklist
  11. 11. Plagiarism vs. CopyrightPlagiarism CopyrightExample: I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough a-dream-speech-still-isn-t-free places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.–Crystal Cameron-Vedros, May1, 2012
  12. 12. Consequences of PlagiarismAre there levels of consequencesdepending on the severity of plagiarizedcontent?Is eating a grape in the grocery store equalto stealing a car in the parking lot?- Blum, Susan D. MyWord! Plagiarism and college culture, Cornell University Press, 2009.Read a review of this book here
  13. 13. KUMC PoliciesFaculty StudentsGuidelines for Dealing Expectations for Conduct:with Allegations of I will not plagiarize theScientific and Other work of others and will beScholarly Misconduct precise in attribution of authorship and the work-Handbook for Faculty of others.and Other UnclassifiedStaff, p. 189 -KUMC Student Handbook
  14. 14. Campus Need Assessment Robust reporting and corrections system for student plagiarism?
  15. 15. What’s ―Not-to-Get‖?Why is plagiarism misunderstood?Why do students and faculty andresearchers plagiarize?
  16. 16. Culture Pressure to get published In a hurry, don’t have time Pressure to get promotion and tenure Pressure to get a good grade Pressure to hand in the paper and move on
  17. 17. Faculty Cautions Assigning student papers intended to support your research, w/o attribution Mining bibliographies of students, w/o attribution Having others do leg-work (lit reviews, background research) Acknowledge co-authors (e.g. IR, TLT, other faculty/staff, librarians, GTAs, students, p atients, etc.)
  18. 18. CultureIn our digital environment, students areopen to sharing and don’t think of givingattribution.
  19. 19. Culture Students are used to downloading music and movies Students are used to brief twitter-sized snippets (w/o attribution) Students are used to posting quotes on social media without attributing the source
  20. 20. CultureInternational students don’t alwaysunderstand U. S. intellectual property laws.It can be challenging for internationalstudents to write with command of theEnglish language, making paraphrasingdifficult.
  21. 21. What can librarians and faculty do?
  22. 22. Changing the Culture Where do values, integrity, ethics come from?―The very spring and root of honesty andvirtue lie in good education.‖ -Mestrius Plutarchos (Plutarch)
  23. 23. Changing the CultureValues & Integrity Professionalism Faculty  Professional  Personal Writing Info Literacy  Cultural FacultyEthics and perspective Content  Meaning Faculty  Philosophy Administration
  24. 24. Changing the CultureWhy are we here?  Your $  Your Future  Your Growth  Your Knowledge Photo: Julianne Villaflor Creative Commons- attribution
  25. 25. Changing the CultureAcademic Communication  How it works  Why it exists  Various functions  How to participate  Value of research and writing in nursing
  26. 26. Antibiotics of Plagiarism PRIDE OWNERSHIP Inquisitiveness Independence Socratic Reflection Teaching Responsibility Metacognition Inquiry vs Direct Accountability Instruction Mastery Belonging
  27. 27. Antibiotics of PlagiarismMEANING ENTHUSIASM INTEGRITYRELEVANCE Self-efficacy Modeling Professionalism Application Empowerment Accountability Simulation Positivity Accurateness Context
  28. 28. Writing Skills for Avoiding Plagiarism Paraphrasing means more than just rewording something you’ve read. Paraphrasing means that you are restating something you’ve read. Restating something you’ve read requires you to use quotations when you are using the exact words of another writer. Make sure your quotes don’t exceed the fair use guidelines. Use longer quotes when the content provides something you can’t: a well-turned phrase, an expert opinion or statement. At the end of your restatement, attribute the original source according to the writing style manual assigned by your instructor. Your research paper should be a combination of paraphrasing and your own original ideas about the topic. When in doubt, cite!
  29. 29. Good and Bad5-6 Page Research Paper on PBL –Applying X Theory, IPE Care Map, 5Nursing Theorist , 3 sources sources per student, literature review Regurgitation  Show knowledge of Heavily covered on theory  Cite theory Common  Apply, Evaluate topic, common  Collaborate (peer- assignment review)  Show work (lit review)
  30. 30. Blooms Taxonomy Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension KnowledgeBloom, B.S. (Ed.). (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives, Vol.1: The cognitive domain. New York: McKay.
  31. 31. 1) Assignment Design1. Discipline, course, content specific2. PBL3. Unique assignment criterion4. Facilitate each step, NO GAPS *Access * Technology *Knowledge5. Devote graded class time to projects6. Process-based (revision, documentation)7. In-depth8. Chunk it out9. Communication10. Inquiry, not regurgitation11. Creativity and originality12. Change syllabi regularly From Robins, A. Integrating writing into your course. University of Wisconsin, Madison Retrieved from
  32. 32. 2) Formal/Informal Assessment1. Reflection, reflection, reflection course ----self ----- project(s)2. Monitor in-class work3. Know each student’s name4. Peer-review, group work5. Content knowledge6. CMS metrics
  33. 33. 3) Collaboration1. Small group size2. Social media3. Information literacy4. Digital literacy5. Writing Lab (KU Lawrence)6. Orient yourself to the curriculum- concurrent and prior course assignments7. Interprofessional collaborations
  34. 34. Chasing Plagiarism Google, Google Scholar, Google Books Search ―quotations‖ (usually near the top) Amazon Wikipedia Nearest resources- textbooks, the other items cited Classmates’ citations CINAHL, PubMed, ProQuest Nursing searches (first results, abstract searches)
  35. 35. Caveats to Plagiarism PreventionPolicing Approach with detection softwarePolicy Handbook Violation ApproachThese law enforcement approaches caninstill fear rather than teach writing andciting skills, ethics and integrity.
  36. 36. Reviews of PlagiarismDetection SoftwareSafeAssign-KU main campus licenses thisproduct via Blackboard. does not currently license anyplagiarism detection software
  37. 37. Reviews of PlagiarismDetection SoftwarePlagiarism Checker Tests, 2009-2010 False Positives in detection software
  38. 38. Citation Management SoftwareEndNote, Zotero, RefWorks, Mendeley Hyperlinks to fulltext Integrates and promotes citation Helps students organize and use citations Only as good as the user Is not a magic bullet
  39. 39. Writing ―Services‖Paper Mills and Fee- Based Writing Services may beseen as legitimate businessesSome may view the payment for writing papers to be awork-for-hire and therefore ethical.Community answer board- All
  40. 40. Writing ―Services‖Exposé from a burned-out ―Shadow Scholar‖Dante, Ed. The Shadow Scholar: the man who writes your students’ papers tells his story. Chronicle of Higher Education.November 12, 2010―With respect to Americas nurses, fear not. Our lives are in capablehands-—just hands that cant write a lick.Nursing students account for one of my companys biggest customerbases. Ive written case-management plans, reports on nursingethics, and essays on why nurse practitioners are lighting the way tothe future of medicine. Ive even written pharmaceutical-treatment courses, for patients whoI hope were hypothetical.‖
  41. 41. Contact Info Crystal Cameron-Vedros   913-588-7916 Heather Collins   913-588-7330
  42. 42. References Blum, S. D. (2010). My word!: Plagiarism and college culture. Cornell University Press. Dante, E. (2010, November 12). The shadow scholar. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from Gilmore, B. (2009). Plagiarism: A how-not-to guide for students. Heinemann. Lampert, L. D. (2008). Combating student plagiarism: An academic librarian’s guide (Chandos Series for Information Professionals) (1st ed.). Neal-Schuman Publishers. Sutherland-Smith, W. (2008). Plagiarism, the internet, and student learning: Improving academic integrity (1st ed.). Routledge. Vicinus, M., & Eisner, C. (Eds.). (2008). Originality, imitation, and plagiarism: Teaching writing in the digital age. University of Michigan Press.
  43. 43. Supplemental Information The following slides were not used in this presentation but offer supplemental information.
  44. 44. Writing ―Services‖YouTube testimonials of the magic of essaywriting services.
  45. 45. Some Prominent Plagiarism Scandals April, 2012 President of Hungary resigned after allegations of plagiarism in his Doctoral thesis. Stephen Ambrose, historian and writer Doris Kearns Goodwin, historian and writer
  46. 46. Quiz Have students turn in permalink or copies of each paper in the bibliography.PLAGIARISM PREVENTIONA. STRONGA. MEDIUMB. WEAK
  47. 47. Quiz Have students create a literature review and include: *their search strategies *locations of resources *Coverage of topic(s) in the literature *search results *keywords, subject headingsPLAGIARISM PREVENTIONA. STRONGA. MEDIUMB. WEAK
  48. 48. Quiz Challenge students in a group to observe a clinic, pinpoint a nursing intervention (missing or present). Write a PICO question, search for EBP literature, and report on best practice.PLAGIARISM PREVENTIONA. STRONGA. MEDIUMB. WEAK