My Science Adventure - Preparatory

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My Science Adventure - Preparatory

•Activity-centered: lessons focus on affective and psychomotor abilities
through role-playing, simulating, creating, modeling and other higher-order thinking skills development

•Explanatory: Hands-on activities to encourage group dynamics and independent learning

•Higher Order thinking skills development: Critical and scientific thinking of pupils in related activities will be developed

•Focus on the environment: Lessons will focus on the improvement of the quality of the pupils’ immediate environment

•Values integration: Every lesson shall inculcate values and encourage group dynamics and independent learning

•Constructivist: Conceptual knowledge of science principles will be based on the first-hand everyday activities to make the learning process more experiential and meaningful.

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My Science Adventure - Preparatory

  1. 1. MY SCIENCE ADVENTURE Preparator y
  2. 2. My Science AdventurePreparatoryTextbookPhilippine Copyright 2010 by DIWA LEARNING SYSTEMS INCAll rights reserved. Printed in the PhilippinesEditorial, design, and layout by University Press of First AsiaNo part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic ormechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval systems, withoutpermission in writing from the copyright owner. Exclusively distributed by DIWA LEARNING SYSTEMS INC 4/F SEDCCO 1 Bldg. 120 Thailand corner Legazpi Streets Legaspi Village, 1229 Makati City, Philippines Tel. No.: (632) 893-8501 * Fax: (632) 817-8700 ISBN 978-971-46-0170-3The Editorial BoardAuthorDinna Santos-Valera is a candidate for a Master of Arts in Basic Education at the Ateneo De ManilaUniversity. She earned her bachelor’s degree in Child Development and Education at Miriam College in1988. She is a preschool teacher at Miriam College Child Study Center where she has been teaching for 20years now. She was the Academic Coordinator for Math, Science, Art, Music, Play, and Media Educationfrom 2000 to 2003. She is a recipient of the President’s Award for Teaching Excellence in the PreschoolDepartment for the school year 2007–2008.ConsultantMona R. Alagar holds a master’s degree in Pre-Elementary Education from St. Joseph’s College–QuezonCity and a bachelor’s degree in Psychology from St. Paul College–Quezon City. She is a college instructorand currently preschool area coordinator at St. Pedro Poveda College.
  3. 3. TO THE LEARNER Science is all about discovery. Each day in yourlife, you experience and discover something differentand something new to you. These discoveries lead tolearning. You may not know it, but there is scienceinvolved in the things that you do everyday. This book will help you in your discoveries. It willexplain to you what is happening, how it happens andwhy it happens. This book will help you answer the manyquestions you have in your mind. As you read along anddo the activities in the pages of this book, one discoverymight lead to other questions. Just keep on asking thequestions in your mind. All discoveries of our famousscientists began with a question. Who knows, you mightbe a famous scientist someday! The Author
  4. 4. TO THE TEACHER This Science book is all about discovery. This isa book that will lead the students to ask questionsand discover new things as they search for answersto their questions. Your role as a teacher is to explainto the students through experiential activities howthe concepts happen and why they happen. To be ableto enrich learning, make your activities as interactiveas possible. Encourage an active participation fromyour students so that they will learn by first handexperience. This book is only one of the tools that will help yourstudents learn. Your daily preparation in the classroomwill make the concepts in this book come alive. Afterengaging the students in various hands on activities,support your findings with explanations. This book is also a helpful resource for parentswho should also be involved in the teaching and learningprocess. There are review and enrichment activitiesthat may be done at home. By soliciting the participationof parents, we are assured that learning goes on evenafter school. Have a wonderful discovery!
  5. 5. TABLE OF CONTENTSUnit 1 Discovering the Growth and Changes in MeLesson 1 My Body ..............................................................................................2 Parts of My Body ..............................................................................4 Systems of the Body .....................................................................14Lesson 2 The Sense Organs ......................................................................... 24 The Eyes .......................................................................................... 25 The Ears .......................................................................................... 29 The Nose ......................................................................................... 34 The Tongue ..................................................................................... 37 The Skin ........................................................................................... 40Lesson 3 Needs of the Body ........................................................................ 45 Air ..................................................................................................... 45 Sunlight ............................................................................................ 46 Water ............................................................................................... 47 Healthful Foods ............................................................................. 49 Clothes ..............................................................................................51 Exercise ........................................................................................... 52 Rest and Sleep ............................................................................... 54 Home or Shelter ............................................................................ 55Lesson 4 Health and Safety ......................................................................... 57 Healthful Practices ....................................................................... 57 Safety Practices ............................................................................ 60Lesson 5 Growth and Change ....................................................................... 69Unit 2 Discovering Plants and AnimalsLesson 1 Plants around Me ........................................................................... 82 Parts of a Plant .............................................................................. 83 Classification of Plants ................................................................. 92 Plant Habitats ................................................................................ 96 How Plants Grow .......................................................................... 100 Needs of Plants............................................................................ 103 Care for Plants ............................................................................. 107 Importance of Plants .................................................................. 109
  6. 6. Lesson 2 Animals around Me ........................................................................111 Classification of Animals ............................................................. 112 Animal Habitats ............................................................................ 115 How Animals Differ ..................................................................... 118 Sounds Animals Make ................................................................. 129 Animals and Their Young ............................................................ 131 Needs of Animals ........................................................................ 133 Care for Animals .......................................................................... 135 Importance of Animals .............................................................. 136Unit 3 Discovering Things around MeLesson 1 Matter ............................................................................................ 140 States of Matter ......................................................................... 141 Solid ................................................................................................ 143 Liquid .............................................................................................. 150 Gas................................................................................................... 153 Importance of Air ....................................................................... 156Lesson 2 Changes in Matter ....................................................................... 159 Solid Can Become Liquid ............................................................ 159 Liquid Can Become Solid ............................................................ 160 Liquid Can Become Gas ............................................................... 162Unit 4 Discovering Earth and SpaceLesson 1 Earth............................................................................................... 166 Landforms ..................................................................................... 167 Water Forms ................................................................................. 191Lesson 2 Weather ........................................................................................ 210Lesson 3 Day and Night ...............................................................................222 The Sky During the Day ............................................................223 The Sky During the Night .........................................................226Lesson 4 Care for the Planet Earth .........................................................229
  7. 7. UNIT1
  8. 8. Lesson 1 Color the picture of a girl if you are a girl. Color the picture of a boy if you are a boy.2 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  9. 9. Look at the pictures of people from all over theworld.Can you tell which of them are boys and whichare girls?Boys and men are male.Girls and women are female. Dear Parents, A male and a female have many similarities and differences in their physical appearance. Have your child identify some of these similarities and differences with you (his or her parents) serving as models. Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 3
  10. 10. Parts of My BodyThis is the head.Read the names of the different parts of thehead. hair forehead eyebroweye cheek nose ear mouth chin 4 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  11. 11. Circle the correct body part being described.1. Body part that covers the head2. Part of the head from where tears come out3. Part of the head found below the mouth4. Part of the head that allows you to hear sounds5. Part of the head that is above the eyes Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 5
  12. 12. Complete the picture by drawing the differentparts of the head. 6 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  13. 13. This is the trunk.Read the names of the different parts of thetrunk. shoulder chest abdomen waist hips Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 7
  14. 14. Draw the trunk to complete the picture of the body of a child.8 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  15. 15. These are the limbs.Read the names of the different parts of thelimbs. elbow arm wrist hand fingers thigh knee ankle leg foot toe Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 9
  16. 16. Trace your left hand and your right hand below.10 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  17. 17. Circle the body part that will complete thepicture. Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 11
  18. 18. Where do these body parts belong?Box the correct word.1. head trunk limbs2. head trunk limbs3. head trunk limbs4. head trunk limbs5. head trunk limbs 12 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  19. 19. Complete the picture. Draw the missing parts of the head, trunk, and limbs. Dear Parents, Play a game with your child. Describe a body part and its use and have him or her point to the body part. Exchange roles afterward to find out how well your child can describe and state the functions of the different body parts. Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 13
  20. 20. Systems of the BodyDo you ever wonder what is inside the head?Look at the picture below.Inside the head is the brain.The brain allows the body to think, move, andfeel. brain14 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  21. 21. Match each sentence with the correct picture.I can thinkwith my brain.I can movewith my brain.I can feel withmy brain. Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 15
  22. 22. Make a clenched fist. Put it on the left side ofyour chest.Your clenched fist is about the size of yourheart.Look at the picture below. This is the heart.The heart pumps blood to the different partsof the body.16 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  23. 23. Using your red crayon, trace the broken linesfrom the heart to the different parts of thebody. Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 17
  24. 24. Look at the picture below.These are the lungs.Your lungs help you breathe. lungs18 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  25. 25. Do the following activity.1. Place your hand on your abdomen. 2. Breathe in. What happens to your abdomen as you breathe in air?3. Breathe out. What happens to your abdomen as you breathe out air? Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 19
  26. 26. What did you eat for breakfast?Do you know what happens to the food you eat?The food that you eat goes down to yourstomach.Inside the stomach, the food is changed intosmaller pieces.This process is called digestion. mouth stomach small intestine large intestine rectum 20 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  27. 27. Good eating habits help your body digest foodproperly. Draw a star ( ) in the box if the picture shows a child practicing good eating habits. Dear Parents, The nervous, circulatory, respiratory, and digestive systems are just some of the important systems of the body. Introduce to your child the functions of these systems and the body parts (organs) that make up each system. Use pictures or available videos from the Internet to make learning fun and interesting. Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 21
  28. 28. How much have you learned? Circle the picture of the correct answer. 1. Boys and men are ______. 2. Girls and women are ______. 3. The face is part of the ______. 4. The shoulders are part of the ______.22 My Science Adventure – Preparatory
  29. 29. 5. The legs and arms are part of the _____.6. The ____ lets you think, move, and feel.7. The ____ pumps blood to the different parts of the body.8. Food enters the body through the ______.9. Food is digested in the _____.10. The ____ let you breathe. Discovering the Growth and Changes in Me 23

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