Instructions! <ul><li>Welcome to the Museum! I hope you enjoy the artifacts in the museum. </li></ul><ul><li>To learn more about the paintings and artifacts, please click on each item. Once you’ve learned about the item, click on the windmill to return to that exhibit. </li></ul><ul><li>To move to the next exhibit, click on the black arrows. </li></ul>
17 th Century Dutch Paintings Architecture Wing
Dutch Golden Age Architecture Dutch East India Ship Artifact Wing
Scale Model of the Dutch Royal Palace Science Wing
The 17 th Century : The “Dutch” Century Early in the 17 th Century, the Dutch had some conflict between opposing religious groups, however, by the end of the century religions including Catholics, Protestants and Jewish lived peacefully throughout the country. The Dutch used religion and everyday life as common themes in art including this painting by Rembrandt Portrait of an Old Man in Red.
Dutch Economy <ul><li>The Dutch were known for being masters of the “carrying trade” especially since they had the lowest shipping rates in all of Europe. Just like the famous Girl with the pearl earring by Vermeer, the Dutch were known for exporting luxury items including diamonds, pottery and linens. The economy did not experience much inflation which gave the Dutch a chance to initiate the land reclamation project which helped gain land from the below sea level area. </li></ul>
Quality of Life in Holland <ul><li>The Dutch had the highest standard of living in Europe in the 17 th century. </li></ul>Still Life with Gilt Goblet William Heda, 1635
Prior to the Dutch Golden Age, the Portuguese monopolized the trade routes of the world. The first of the Dutch to reach the Spice Islands was a group led by Cornelis de Houtman. There, they found West Java, an island known for its pepper. While the Dutch looked to create a positive trade relationship, the Indonesians and Portuguese disliked the Dutch infringement. The Dutch then sailed to northern Java, yet half the crew was killed in a Japanese attack. After all this, Houtman was able to sail back to make a positive profit.
During the Golden Age of the Dutch, the East India Company had a positive relationship with the Chinese and their famous porcelain pieces in the early 1600s. At the time, the highest class could only afford these imports, but when the trade was interrupted by the death of a Chinese emperor, Dutch potters began to create their own porcelain. In the town of Delft, the famous Delftware flourished and continues to be a staple of the Dutch beautiful exports.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek: The Microscope & the Discovery of Micro-Organisms Influenced Galileo’s findings
University of Leiden, 1575 <ul><li>The largest university in the Protestant world at the time. </li></ul><ul><li>The Dutch educational system was free from the restrains of the church therefore, many topics of interest could be studied without interference. </li></ul>
The Dutch Federation <ul><li>Regents </li></ul><ul><li>Held most power </li></ul><ul><li>Promoters of local independence </li></ul><ul><li>Stadholders </li></ul><ul><li>In charge of defense and order </li></ul><ul><li>One representative from each province </li></ul><ul><li>States General </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>In charge of foreign affairs </li></ul>
(detail) Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp – Rembrandt, 1632 Because of the lack of religious influence in education, the Dutch excelled in studying the human body .
Jan Vermeer and Optics <ul><li>It is thought that Vermeer used the use of new discovery in optics to help create his paintings. It is also thought that he would use these lenses to project his subject onto a canvas to be completely accurate. </li></ul>