Vitis californica

131 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
131
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Vitis californica

  1. 1. * California Wild Grape – Vitis californica (VEE-tiss kal-ih-FOR-nik-uh) Family: Vitaceae (Grape Family) Foothills from San Luis Obispo Co. to southern OR; Stream banks, springs & moist canyons below 4000 ft. Important vine in riparian woodland. Native to: woody perennial vine mature length: 25-40+ ft. Winter-deciduous woody vine that climbs up/over vegetation or sprawls on the ground as a ground cover. Leaves are smaller & more rounded that those of commercial/table grapes. Attaches via tendrils. New foliage light green. Mature leaves are dark green aging to red or yellow in fall. Growth characteristics: Blooms are small and insignificant in spring (May-July). Edible grapes ripen to purple in fall. Grapes are small (like wild Concord-type grapes) and have a large seed. They are sweet and edible fresh or made into jelly, pies, etc. Birds also love the fruit!! You can also use the young grape leaves for making Greek stuffed grape leaves. Blooms/fruits: Uses in the garden: Most useful as a climber on arbors and over pergolas. Nice touch for the Mediterranean-style garden. Can also be used as a ground cover, particularly on slopes. Great covering for chain link fence, on trellises. ‘Roger’s Red’ cultivar as brilliant red fall foliage. Sensible substitute for: Non-native vines. Attracts: Excellent bird habitat: provides cover and fruits, particularly for songbirds, Mockingbird. Requirements: Element Sun Soil Water Fertilizer Other Requirement Best growth in full sun; will tolerate some shade. Any – sandy to clay; any pH Needs good winter water; happy with Zone 2-3 (water every 2 weeks or so) in summer. Requires less water than you’d think. Organic mulch recommended. Vines can be pruned back in winter when dormant (as for any grape). Cutting back will keep it from becoming too large. If training, start when young. Can be trained extensively. Management: Propagation: from seed: yes by cuttings: easy; dormant stems 1-1 ½ ft long Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 3, 5-9, 11, 13, 14, 21, 24, 25 * CA native plant but not native to Western L.A. county 2/21/11 © Project SOUND

×