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South bay native plants teas & beverages

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List of California native plants that can be used for teas and other beverages.

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South bay native plants teas & beverages

  1. 1. 1 CA Native Plants for Western L.A. County Gardens – Plants for Teas and Beverages I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs * Arbutus menziesii Madrona 40-75+ tall To 50 ft w White/W-Sp FS/PS (best) Well- drained 2 13 Red berries for tea; acid soils * Arctostaphylos species Large Manzanita species For more see: http://www.slideshare.net/cvadheim/arctostaphylos-manzanitas-1111 Fruits for cider-like beverage X * Celtis reticulata/ C. laevigata var. reticulata Netleaf hackberry 10-30 ft t. 20-30 ft w. Green/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 5, 8, 10, 16, 19, 30, 31, 45 Fruits; tea, syrup X * Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/ Sp FS/PS Any incl clay 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Fruit, flowers for tea X * Prunus virginiana var. demissa Western Chokecherry 6-25 ft tall 6-15 ft w Cream/Sp FS/PS Any 2 to 2-3 6, 13 fruits for syrup X Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii Catalina Island Cherry < 50 ft White/Su FS/PS any 1-2 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 fruits for syrup X Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea Blue (Mexican) Elderberry 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Berries dried (tea); syrup Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) * Arctostaphylos species Medium-size Manzanita species For more see: http://www.slideshare.net/cvadheim/arctostaphylos-manzanitas-1111 Fruits for cider-like beverage X Cornus sericea Redosier dogwood 10-25 ft tall & wide White/Sp PS Any 2 to 3 8, 11, 13, 20 Flowers, tea Mahonia (Berberis) fremontii Fremont Barberrry 5-10 ft tall & wide Yellow/Sp FS/PS Most 2 13 Berries for tea, syrup X Mahonia (Berberis) nevinii Nevin’s Barberry 3-8+ ft tall 6-12 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 Berries for tea, syrup X Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia Holly-leaf Cherry 10-15 ft t 8-10 ft w White/Su FS/PS any 1-2 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Berries for syrup X Rhus integrifolia Lemonadeberry 2-10 ft 3-20 ft w. Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 1, 3, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Fruits- lemonade-like X Rhus ovata Sugar Bush 8-12 ft 6-15 ft w. Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 1, 3, 9, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Fruits- lemonade-like X Ribes aureum var. gracillimum Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/ W-Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 12, 14 Berries for tea, syrup Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs X * Arctostaphylos species smaller Manzanita species For more see: http://www.slideshare.net/cvadheim/arctostaphylos-manzanitas-1111 Fruits for cider-like beverage
  2. 2. 2 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium Oregon Grape < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 Fruits for tea, syrup *Berberis (Mahonia) nervosa Cascade barberry < 2 ft tall 2-4 ft w. Yellow/Sp PS/FSH any 2 to 3 8 Fruits for tea, syrup X Lepechinia fragrans Fragrant Pitcher Sage 3-6 ft tall & wide Lavender/Sp FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 ‘El Tigre’; leaves X Rhus trilobata Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush 2-6 ft Yellow- green/Sp PS any 1-2 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Berries for tea, syrup X Ribes californicum var. hesperium Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red-white/ W-Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) Berries for tea, syrup X Ribes indecorum White Currant To 6 ft White/W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 12, 14 Berries for tea, syrup X Ribes malvaceum Chaparral Currant 5-8 ft Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 3, 13, 14, 19 Berries for tea, syrup ** Ribes malvaceum var. viridifolium 'Ortega Beauty' Ortega Beauty Chaparral Currant 5-7 ft tall & wide Pink/ Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 13 Berries for tea, syrup X Ribes speciosum Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ W-Sp FS/PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 12-14, 19 Berries for tea, syrup X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum Red-flowering Currant 4-10 ft Pink/Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 Berries for tea, syrup X Rosa californica California Wild Rose 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS/FSH any 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Berries for tea, syrup X *Rosa minutifolia Baja rose 4-6 ft tall 4-5 ft w. Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 8 Berries for tea, syrup X *Rubus parviflorus Western thimbleberry 3-6 ft tall spreading White/Sp FS/PS any 2-3 8 Berries for tea, syrup X Rubus ursinus (ssp. ?) Pacific Blackberry 2-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 7, 12, 13, 14 Berries for tea, syrup *Vaccinium ovatum California huckleberry 3-5+ ft tall & w Pink/W-Spr PS Drained pH 4-5 2-3 5, 8, 11, 37 Berries for tea, syrup Perennial Vines X * Lonicera ciliosa Orange Honeysuckle 15-20 ft Orange/ Sp- Su PS/FSH Any 2-3 2, 8 Berries for syrup X Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans Western Honeysuckle 5-18 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS/FSH clay 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 Berries for syrup X * Lonicera interrupta Chaparral Honeysuckle 8-20+ ft Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PSH Any 2 to 2-3 2 Berries for syrup
  3. 3. 3 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Lonicera subspicata var. denudate & subspicata Santa Barbara & Southern Honeysuckles 3-8 ft Cream/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Berries for syrup X ** Vitis californica ‘Roger’s Red’ ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape > 20 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Fruits for juice, tea, syrup X Vitis girdiana Desert Grape > 25 ft White/Su PS any 2-3 2, 3, 10, 13, 20 Fruits for juice, tea, syrup Groundcover Plants: Woody or Half-woody, Evergreen X * Arctostaphylos species Groundcover Manzanitas For more see: http://www.slideshare.net/cvadheim/arctostaphylos-manzanitas-1111 Fruits for cider-like beverage ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Fruits for tea, syrup X * Berberis (Mahonia) repens Creeping Oregon Grape 1 ft tall < 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Fruits for tea, syrup Groundcover Plants: Herbaceous Perennials X Achillea millefolia Yarrow 1-2 ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 most Alkali soils fine X * Clinopodium (Satureja) chandleri San Miguel Savory 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide White/Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 14 Leaves ; fragrant, teas X Clinopodium (Satureja) douglasii Yerba buena < 6 in spreading White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 7, 13, 14 Leaves ; fragrant, teas * Clinopodium (Satureja) mimuloides Monkeyflower Savory 1 ft tall 2-4+ ft w Red-Or/ Su-Fa FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 to 3 3, 8 Leaves ; fragrant, teas X * Fragaria chiloensis ssp. pacifica (and cultivars) (Pacific) Coast Strawberry < 1 ft spreading White/Sp-Su PS Sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Fruits, leaves (tea); fruits for syrup X * Fragaria vesca (californica) CA/Wood Strawberry < 2 ft spreading White/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 1, 13, 20 Fruits, leaves (tea); fruits for syrup X * Mentha arvensis Tule Mint; Wild Mint < 1 ft spreading Pink/Sp-Su PS Most 2 to 3 2, 6, 13 Excellent fo tea; contain X *Pycnanthemum californicum Mountain mint 1-3 ft tall spreading White/Sp-Su PS Most 2-3 to 3 1, 6, 8, 13, 14 Leaves ; fragrant, teas X Salvia spathacea Hummingbird Sage 1-3 ft Magenta/Spr PS/FSH Any 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 Leaves ; fragrant, teas
  4. 4. 4 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Herbaceous Perennials X * Agastache urticifolia Nettleleaf Giant Hyssop (Horse Mint) 2-5 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 2 to 2-3 6, 13, 19 Dried flowers, leaves (tea) * Monardella antonina (now * Monardella villosa ssp. villosa) Butterfly Bush Monardella 1 ft tall Purple-pink/ FS/PS Most 2 or 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 11, 13, 19 Leaves ; fragrant, teas X * Monardella crispa Waveyleaf Dune Mint/Crisp Monardella 1-2 ft tall 3-4 ft wide Purple- pink/Su-F FS/PS Sandy best 2 6, 11, 13, 14 Leaves ; fragrant, teas X * Monardella macrantha Red Monardella 1-2 ft tall & wide Red/Su-F PS best Any; no alkali 2-3 1, 6, 8, 13, 14, 19 Leaves ; fragrant, teas X * Monardella odoratissima Mountain Monardella 1-2ft tall 2-3 ft wide Lilac/ Sp-Su PS best Sandy best 2 or 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 24, 28 Leaves ; fragrant, teas X * Monardella villosa ssp. villosa [formerly Monardella subglabrata] Coastal Coyote Mint 1 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Purple/ Sp-Su FS/PS Most 2 to 3 6, 13 Leaves ; fragrant, teas X * Monardella villosa ssp villosa [ssp. subserrata] Coyote Mint 1 ft 3-5 ft wide Pink/Sp-Su PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 Leaves ; fragrant, teas * Monardella villosa ssp. obispoensis San Luis Obispo Coyote Mint 1 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Pale violet/ Sp-Su FS/PS Clays fine 2 to 3 6, 13 Leaves ; fragrant, teas ** Monardella villosa 'Russian River' ‘Russian River’ Coyote Mint 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Purple/Su PS Most 2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 Leaves ; fragrant, teas X Solidago californica California Goldenrod 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 2, 7, 10, 13, 14 Dried flowers, leaves (tea) X Solidago spectabilis var. confinis Southern Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 10 Dried flowers, leaves (tea) 1/28/15 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet available on-line (http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants_17.html) * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ** light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade + Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn)

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