5/20/20131© Project SOUNDOut of the Wilds and Into Your GardenGardening with California Native Plants in Western L.A. Coun...
5/20/20132© Project SOUNDLiving creatures (pollinators) usually carry the pollenfrom flower to flowerColony Collapse Disor...
5/20/20133National Pollinator Week U.S. Senate designated the 3rd week in June as “NationalPollinator Week” . The U.S. Se...
5/20/20134Mother Nature plays it safe with regards topollination Most insect pollinated flowers receive visitsfrom severa...
5/20/20135Many butterfly larva require specific foodsources – more on that next month© Project SOUNDFortunately, many gene...
5/20/20136© Project SOUNDWhy are some plants pollinator magnets? Characteristics of ‘pollinator magnet’ plants Lots of li...
5/20/20137© Project SOUNDCalifornia Buckwheat - Eriogonum fasciculatum© Project SOUNDCalifornia Buckwheat: sprawling sub-s...
5/20/20138Native plants: what’s their secret?© Project SOUND © Project SOUNDNative plants attract pollinators byproviding ...
5/20/20139© Project SOUNDBuckwheats, Salivas (Sages) and other local sub-shrubs are great pollinator plants…But they do ne...
5/20/201310Let’s see how Mother Nature’s Gardenbecame a ‘pollinator haven’© Project SOUNDMap of site – rough draft© Projec...
5/20/201311Several good habitat choices: trees &large shrubs *Arctostaphylos spp – Manzanitas Baccharis salicifolia – Mu...
5/20/201312Toyon is a joy of color year-round Evergreen large shrub/small tree w/ stiff foliage Usually 6-10 ft tall, ca...
5/20/201313Size of area and abundance: whatmatters is the shear number of flowers© Project SOUNDhttp://www.flickr.com/phot...
5/20/201314Some non-native edibles attract pollinators© Project SOUND Fruit trees/canes Apples – ‘Anna Apple’ espalier i...
5/20/201315© Project SOUNDFlowers: pure citrus Blooms: in spring – usuallyApril-June in S. California Flowers: Many whi...
5/20/201316© Project SOUNDCA Coffeeberry – Frangula (Rhamnus) californicaUSDA-NRCS PLANTS Database© Project SOUNDCoffeeber...
5/20/201317© Project SOUNDCoffeeberry can be used in so many ways… For erosion control onslopes; great combinedwith other...
5/20/201318© Project SOUNDWinter-Spring transition Conclusions: winter-springGood (better in future) 2 ‘early/mid’ Ceanot...
5/20/201319Conclusions for summer-fallGood – better in future Still blooming Yarrow (Achillea millefolia) Buckwheats (E...
5/20/201320 Lower elevations from OR toBaja Moist places: Coastal saltmarsh, coastal salt scrub,moist places near stream...
5/20/201321© Project SOUNDFabulous habitat plant Good pond-poolside plant – willneed to divide Attracts very wide range ...
5/20/201322© Project SOUNDSaltmarsh Fleabane does well in gardens… Soils: Texture: any local – does very well infine-tex...
5/20/201323Idea for small gardens: tuck small pollinatorplants into pots and around shrubs© Project SOUNDWestern Yarrow – ...
5/20/201324© Project SOUNDCliff Aster – Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia Local distribution: common in the Transver...
5/20/201325© Project SOUNDProviding homes for native pollinators Native bees don’t build the wax orpaper structures we as...
5/20/201326© Project SOUNDGarden uses for RedBuckwheat Super as a pot plant Lovely massed as a groundcover Makes a pret...
5/20/201327© Project SOUNDHookers Evening Primrose – Oenothera elata© Project SOUNDFlowers are fantastic Blooms: Long su...
5/20/201328© Project SOUNDCalifornia Primrose – Oenothera californica Coastal, Sierra, Transverseand desert mountain rang...
5/20/201329© Project SOUNDNative primrosesin the garden Best planted with nativegrasses, perennials, annualwildflowers E...
5/20/201330Xerces Society Nonprofit organization that protectswildlife through the conservation ofinvertebrates and their...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Planning for Pollinators-2013 notes

1,961 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,961
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Planning for Pollinators-2013 notes

  1. 1. 5/20/20131© Project SOUNDOut of the Wilds and Into Your GardenGardening with California Native Plants in Western L.A. CountyProject SOUND – 2013 (our 9th year)© Project SOUNDPlanning for Pollinators: how toturn your garden into a pollinatorhavenC.M. Vadheim and T. DrakeCSUDH & Madrona Marsh PreserveMadrona Marsh PreserveJune 1 & 4, 2013© Project SOUNDReview: sex and the single flower Pollination is the act of transferring pollen grains from themale anther of a flower to the female stigma. It’s necessaryfor seed and fruit production in most higher plants.© Project SOUNDSometimes physicalagents transfer thepollenhttp://www.annerondepierre.com/wisdomarchive8.htmOnly about 20% of plants are wind pollinatedAnd <1% are water pollinated
  2. 2. 5/20/20132© Project SOUNDLiving creatures (pollinators) usually carry the pollenfrom flower to flowerColony Collapse Disorder – our wake-up call© Project SOUNDhttp://bee-rapture.blogspot.com/2009/04/found-cause-of-colony-collapse-disorder.html© Project SOUNDWhy worry about living pollinators? They play a key role in the normalfunctioning of our local ecosystems > 200,000 plant species worldwidedepend on pollination Imagine life without these plants They are required for productionof many of our food, medicinal andother crops ~80% of the world’s crop plantsdepend on pollination – 150 crops inthe U.S. alone A combined annual $20+ billionindustry in the U.S Without them, our gardens wouldnot sustain themselves; manyflowering plants would eventuallybecome extinct.© Project SOUND Many pollinators at risk: Non-native pollinators arevulnerable to environmentalfactors - limited geneticvariability [Example: HoneybeeColony Collapse Disorder] Native pollinators are at riskdue to habitat loss, climatechange and use of pesticides Crop production world-wide isdecreasing due to decreasingnumbers of pollinators So we all should be worried The time to take action is NOW,in our schools, home gardens,places of work and anywhereelse that we can promote thewell-being of pollinatorsHoneybee Colony Collapse Disorder
  3. 3. 5/20/20133National Pollinator Week U.S. Senate designated the 3rd week in June as “NationalPollinator Week” . The U.S. Secretary of Agriculture signs theproclamation every year. Now an international celebration of the valuable ecosystemservices provided by bees, birds, butterflies, bats and beetles. “Pollinating animals are vital to our delicate ecosystem,supporting terrestrial wildlife, providing healthy watershed,and more. Pollinator Week is a week to get the importance of pollinators’message out to as many people as possible. “© Project SOUNDEven before colony collapse disorder,some people were concerned… Depending on a single source– for anything – should makeus nervous Better to ‘diversify theportfolio’© Project SOUNDhttp://therealnewsjournal.com/?tag=colony-collapse-disorderhttp://urbangardencasual.com/2009/04/28/possible-cure-for-honey-bee-colony-collapse-disorder-discovered/European Honey BeeApis melliferaWhy worry about other pollinators? Can’tthe bees do the pollination work? Flies and bees are the two mostimportant insect pollinator groups. Depending on the region, the time ofthe day, the flowering phenology andweather conditions, flies may bethe main or exclusive pollinators,or share pollination services withbees and other pollinator groups. Native pollinators play an importantrole – not just in the wild, but ingardens and agricultural fields© Project SOUNDIt turns out that pollination isa lot more complex thanearly agricultural studies ledus to believe© Project SOUNDWho are the living (biotic) pollinators? Bees – of all sizes Butterflies Moths Flies & other fly-like insects Beetles Hummingbirds Ants Bats Even small reptiles & mammalsMost commonLeast common
  4. 4. 5/20/20134Mother Nature plays it safe with regards topollination Most insect pollinated flowers receive visitsfrom several different types of insects:bees, flies, beetles, bugs, etc. In a study of 2200 CA plant species: 71% of the out-crossing species were visitedby two potential pollinators 49% were visited by three or more potentialpollinators Redundancy in pollination systems isprobably the rule, rather than theexception.© Project SOUNDBy hedging her oddsWe too should hedge our bets and supportmany different types of pollinators…© Project SOUND…but how, particularly given our small urban gardens?http://non-secateur.blogspot.com/2011/05/southern-californias-best-garden-blog.htmlPlanning for pollinators: knowledge andmaking good choices© Project SOUND © Project SOUNDKnowledge is power: what we each can do topromote our native pollinators Plant the plants they needfor food – at all stages oftheir lives. Provide places where theycan reproduce and providefor their young Protect them by practicingIntegrated Pest Management– limited/no use ofpesticides Teach others – by word andexample – about the value ofnative pollinators
  5. 5. 5/20/20135Many butterfly larva require specific foodsources – more on that next month© Project SOUNDFortunately, many generalist pollinatorsare less picky than we once thought© Project SOUNDhttp://mommyculture.com/?p=678There are just five basic principles for planting tosupport a wide range of pollinatorsWhat makes a good pollinator landscape?5 elements according to the latest evidence S (size) - The larger the area coveredby flowers/plants the better A (abundance) - The greater thenumber of flowers the better L (length) - It’s important thatsomething is flowering from earlyspring through fall U (useful attributes) –The plants mustprovide quality pollen and/or nectar D (diversity) - Diversity of plants toattract both generalists and specialists© Project SOUNDSALUD! – To your health!http://picturesforcoloring.com/2012/05/bee-coloring-pages-for-honey-lovers/Using these elements in our gardens…© Project SOUNDReally not so difficultonce we understandthe principles http://non-secateur.blogspot.com/2011/05/southern-californias-best-garden-blog.html
  6. 6. 5/20/20136© Project SOUNDWhy are some plants pollinator magnets? Characteristics of ‘pollinator magnet’ plants Lots of little flowers Flowers have simple, openarchitecture – ‘accessible to all’ Flower color often white, pinkor yellow Often – but not always – longbloom season (or several) May be sweetly scented (but notnecessarily noticeable to us)© Project SOUNDLots of little flowers: many popular choices Apiaceae (Carrot family) Asteraceae – (Sunflower family) Baccharis Grindelia Hydrophyllaceae (Waterleaf family) Phacelia Lamiaceae (Mint family) Salvia (Sage) and others Polygonaceae (Backwheat family) Eriogonum – Buckwheats Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn family) Ceanothus, Rhamnus Rosaceae (Rose family)© Project SOUNDMost people envision pollinator gardensas looking something like this© Project SOUNDSalvia speciesBuckwheatsCA FuschiaPenstemons
  7. 7. 5/20/20137© Project SOUNDCalifornia Buckwheat - Eriogonum fasciculatum© Project SOUNDCalifornia Buckwheat: sprawling sub-shrub Size: 2-5 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Growth form: Low mounded sub-shrub Semi-evergreen shrub Many-branched Foliage: Leave alternate, but denselyclustered at nodes Evergreen, narrow lanceolate(sometimes nearly needle-like) Roots: Net-like; hold soils wellhttp://www.newportbay.org/plants/index.html© Project SOUNDCA Buckwheat cultivars make good, life-friendly groundcovers ‘Dana Point’ - brighter green leaf,more mounding than species Bruce Dickinson – good forgroundcover; stays close to theground, spreads nicely, and holdsgood form throughout the year. ‘Theodore Payne – low groundcover(1 ft high; 1-3 ft spread) Warriner Lytle - A sprawling lowgrowing California buckwheat; cangrow to 2 feet tall but is often moreprostrate, hugging the ground like amat‘Dana Point’‘Warriner Lytle’ © Project SOUNDCA Buckwheat: showy for months Great for summer color: May-Nov. possible As an alternative to the non-native Rosemary; far betterpollinator habitat plant In perennial beds On parking strips & borderingpaths and driveways For erosion control Larval foodsource for MormanMetalmark, Bramble Hairstreak,Common Hairstreak, Avalon Hairstreak
  8. 8. 5/20/20138Native plants: what’s their secret?© Project SOUND © Project SOUNDNative plants attract pollinators byproviding quality nectar and/or pollenWhat about non-native species? Herbs areoften your best bet  Mint family Basil Bee Balm (Monarda) Catnip Lavender Mints Monarda/Monardella Rosemary Sage Thyme Apiaceae (Carrot family) Parsley Dill Borage Chives© Project SOUNDhttp://jimlongsgarden.blogspot.com/2010/05/bees-arrive-at-long-creek-herb-farm.htmlMany can be combined with natives;most attractive to beesNon-native flowering plants for pollinators– you may have to search to find them! Non-native flowers: look for Old-fashioned – open-pollinated/ ‘heirloom’ varieties Search on ‘butterflies’ forplants that may have broaderappeal to pollinators When buying bedding plants,look for plants with pollinatorinsects flying around them atthe nursery© Project SOUNDSome ‘modern’ floweringplants are specifically bred toNOT be attractive to beesand other pollinators
  9. 9. 5/20/20139© Project SOUNDBuckwheats, Salivas (Sages) and other local sub-shrubs are great pollinator plants…But they do need sun and spaceAchieving adequate floral coverage in eachseason: it takes some thought if space is limited Flower patches: at least 3 ft x 3 ftper species – the bigger the better A few well-chosen plant speciesmight be better than many Most bang for buck: shrubs vs. annualwildflowers (depends on situation) Likely will need to use vertical space Some shrubs and trees are quiteadaptable to small/narrow spaces Lots of ‘flowering area’ with a smallfootprint One yard can’t do it all - “it takes aneighborhood”© Project SOUNDhttp://www.northwestbotanicals.com/portfolio_chcraftsman.htmYou can make any yard more pollinatorfriendly – no matter how small or shady© Project SOUNDhttp://www.northwestbotanicals.com/portfolio_chcraftsman.htmhttp://bammorgan.blogspot.com/2008/04/payne-foundation-garden-tour.htmlYou just have to garden ‘smart’How can I possibly supply lots of littleflowers year-round? Think outside the (horizontal)box – use your vertical space Shade trees Vines & climbers Espalier All other things being equal,choose the plant with greaterpollinator habitat value© Project SOUNDhttp://www.the-philosopher.co.uk/
  10. 10. 5/20/201310Let’s see how Mother Nature’s Gardenbecame a ‘pollinator haven’© Project SOUNDMap of site – rough draft© Project SOUNDWall with large condo building behind as view‘Uglywall’–12ft.tallcinderblock-north-facingback porchpathsTwo walls to hide – potential for habitat?© Project SOUND © Project SOUNDhedgerowespalier
  11. 11. 5/20/201311Several good habitat choices: trees &large shrubs *Arctostaphylos spp – Manzanitas Baccharis salicifolia – Mulefat * Ceanothus spp. Cercocarpus spp. – MountainMahoganies *Chilopsis linearis – Desert Willow Comarostaphylis diversifolia –Summer Holly Sambucus nigra – Blue Elderberry© Project SOUNDDesert WillowBlue ElderberryNote: bold species are included in gardenSeveral additional habitat choices: treesand large shrubs * Frangula/Rhamnus californica –Coffeeberry Heteromeles arbutifolia – Toyon Prunus spp. – native Cherries * Ptelea crenulata – Hoptree© Project SOUNDWanted one species that could be used both for hedgerowand espalier – to demonstrate the adaptability of some largenative shrubs.Toyon/California Christmas Berry –Heteromeles arbutifoliaToyon/California Christmas Berry –Heteromeles arbutifolia Member of the Rose Family(Rosaceae) Occurs from SW Oregon toBaja CA Occurs in several plantcommunities Chaparral – throughout CA Coastal Sage Scrub Oak woodlands Coastal prairie Var. macrocarpa found only onCatalina and San ClementeIslandshttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?6677,6731,6732
  12. 12. 5/20/201312Toyon is a joy of color year-round Evergreen large shrub/small tree w/ stiff foliage Usually 6-10 ft tall, can be20-30 ft. in right location 4-10 ft wide (to 25 ft) Spring – new growth islight green Plant takes anything fromfull sun to very shady Quite drought-tolerantToyon is a mass of blooms in summer Blooms June-July Showy flowers in densebunches Flowers small – look like littlewhite rose blossoms (Rosefamily) Bee-pollinated – so goodplant for native bees Good nectar plant forbutterflies Even quite young plants(several years old) will bloom) Fall/winter – red berriesTraditional uses forToyon Background/specimen plant Large shrub – anywhere thatyou would consider Pyracanthaor Holly Grows well with Coastal LiveOak & other dry trees Shady parts of the garden Slopes – good for erosioncontrol In a habitat garden featuringlocal native speciesBut what if we don’t have room for alarge, free-standing shrub? Toyon is very adaptable Prune up: makes a veryacceptable (and life-friendly) shade tree Use in a hedge orhedgerow; can hedge-pruneor leave more natural Bonsai in a pot Even espalier it along a wall© Project SOUND
  13. 13. 5/20/201313Size of area and abundance: whatmatters is the shear number of flowers© Project SOUNDhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/mechanoid_dolly/5895279617/Hibiscus hedge – several 100 flowers Toyon hedge – many 1000’s of flowershttp://www.flickr.com/photos/just_jane/938744081/If you were a pollinator (other than a hummingbird) whichwould you visit?When choosing a shade tree or otherlarge shrub, maximize habitat value Nesting places/cover Perching/sunning places Flowers for nectar/pollen Fruits Foliage useful as larvalfood source© Project SOUNDThe majority of our pollinators flew from April to Oct. last year.We’ll want to supply food throughout this period.Mother Nature’s mixed hedgerow (to cover theshort ugly wall) Size: 6 ft wide – 30+ ft long Large shrubs – all provide good,multispecies habitat value Big-berry Manzanita (winter) Lemonadeberry (early spring) Chaparral WhitethornCeanothus (spring) CA Coffeeberry (later spring) Toyon (summer) Understory/filler – Yarrow(summer) Pollen/nectar: winter to summerToyon espalier: transforming the ugly wallat Mother Nature’s Backyard Young Toyon branches are veryflexible – simplicity itself toespalier Start shaping the first year Choose design – ‘informal fan’ Select branches appropriate fordesign Remove unwanted branches (thosegrowing in wrong direction;crowded branches) Tie branches to support lines withsoft ties (cut from old stockings) Continue to remove ‘inappropriate’branches
  14. 14. 5/20/201314Some non-native edibles attract pollinators© Project SOUND Fruit trees/canes Apples – ‘Anna Apple’ espalier inMother Nature’s Backyard Stone Fruits Citrus Nut trees Berries Vegetables Onions & Shallots Melon family: Cucumbers, Melons,Pumpkins, Squash, WatermelonsThe range of pollinators visitingfood crops can be surprising!© Project SOUNDCalifornia Hoptree – Ptelea crenulata©2009 Barry Breckling Lower elevations of N. CA Banks of the Sacramento River;foothills of the Sierra Nevada &Cascade mountain ranges Foothill Woodland, Yellow PineForest between 0 and 2000 feet Often grows in part-shade Ptelea - small genus with only 15species of trees or shrubs nativeto North America and Mexico.© Project SOUNDCalifornia Hoptree – Ptelea crenulatahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptelea_crenulatahttp://byrdiebotany.livejournal.com/199457.html © Project SOUNDHoptree: shrubby Size: 8-15 ft tall 10-15 ft wide Growth form: Large shrub to small tree Winter deciduous Variable growth form – canbe shaped to tree, espalier Foliage: Medium green, shiny leaves Citrus-like scent (samefamily) Contact dermatitis in somepeople; wear gloves whenhandling© Br. Alfred Brousseau, Saint Marys College©2011 Neal Kramerhttp://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/ptelea-crenulata
  15. 15. 5/20/201315© Project SOUNDFlowers: pure citrus Blooms: in spring – usuallyApril-June in S. California Flowers: Many white flowers inclusters; showy likeElderberry Similar in form to orangeor lemon flowers Sweet scent attractstons of native pollinators– and the birds that eatthem Seedpods: Unique; papery wings©2009 Barry BrecklingCharles Webber © California Academy of Sciences © Project SOUNDLikes its water! Soils: Texture: most pH: any local Light: Best in part-shade in ourclimate; fine for north-facingexposures Water: Winter: adequate Summer: likes regular water –Water Zone 2-3 or 3 Fertilizer: light fertilizer OK; leafmulch appreciated.©2005 Brian L. Anacker©2011 Neal Kramer© Project SOUNDHoptree = habitat Most often planted for itshabitat value – excellent value! Makes a nice lawn tree; OK ineven full sun if gets regularwater Background shrub; winterdeciduous©2011 Zoya Akulovahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ptelea_trifoliata_MN_2007.JPGhttp://www.baynatives.com/plants/Ptelea-crenulata/California Coffeeberry is another pollinatormagnet shrub – in large or small size© Project SOUNDhttp://www.smgrowers.com/products/plants/plantdisplay.asp?plant_id=1850
  16. 16. 5/20/201316© Project SOUNDCA Coffeeberry – Frangula (Rhamnus) californicaUSDA-NRCS PLANTS Database© Project SOUNDCoffeeberry: another versatile, dense evergreen shrubGary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS DatabaseJ.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Size: 6-12 ft tall (usually 8-10) 8-10 ft wide Growth form: Evergreen shrub/small tree Mounded form; ultimately atleast as wide as tall Bark red, becoming gray Moderate growth rate; long lived(several 100 yrs) Foliage: Attractive, medium green Leaves simple, attractive; smaller &thicker w/ less water Deer love it!; Pale Swallowtail larva© Project SOUNDPlant Requirements Soils: Texture: well-drained; sandy orrocky best pH: any local (5.0-8.0) Light: full sun to part-shade Water: very flexible Winter: needs good wintermoisture Summer: Best with occasional summerwater: Zone 2 to 2/3; don’t over-water in clays Very drought tolerant onceestablished Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils Other: very undemanding (if you sodesire)USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database© Project SOUNDWith Coffeeberry, theberries are the show… Blooms: late spring; usually Apr-June in western L.A. Co. Flowers: Small and not very noticeable Hummingbirds and insectpollinators adore them (in MNBY) Fruits: Small – ¼ inch begin green, ripen to orange/redand finally black in August –October Eaten by many: Quail,Mockingbirds, Thrushes, Robins,Finches, Towhees, Thrashers andJays, etc., even humans!USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
  17. 17. 5/20/201317© Project SOUNDCoffeeberry can be used in so many ways… For erosion control onslopes; great combinedwith other CSS orchaparral plants As an accent plant For backs of mixed beds Under oaks; great forsun/shade transition zones Particularly suited forhedging: Formal or informalhedges, screens As a partner in hedgerowshttp://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/rhamnus-californica© Project SOUNDPlenty of cultivars: most of them low-growingcompared to the species‘Eve Case’http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/rhamnus-californica-eve-case‘Mound San Bruno’http://www.smgrowers.com/products/plants/plantdisplay.asp?plant_id=1850‘Leatherleaf’http://www.yerbabuenanursery.com/viewplant.php?pid=0521‘Salt Point’http://www.calfloranursery.com/pages_plants/pages_r/rhacalsalpoi.htmlhttp://www.agikehoe.com/mcgregor-garden.htmlCoffeeberry cultivars: habitatat ¼ the size ‘Little Sur’ Very compact; 3-4 or 5 ft. Best nearest the coast; someshade inland Makes good hedges; pot plant ‘Seaview Improved’ 2-3 ft tall; 3-6 ft wide Takes quite a bit of shade topart shade; sun on coast Good groundcover or small shrub© Project SOUNDhttp://www.horticopia.net/media.details.php?mediaID=OTg4MTI2ZWMxZThiZDk2Length of bloom coverage: our goal - flowersfrom early spring through fall© Project SOUNDPictures can providea helpful reality check– take plenty!
  18. 18. 5/20/201318© Project SOUNDWinter-Spring transition Conclusions: winter-springGood (better in future) 2 ‘early/mid’ Ceanothus ‘Ray Hartman’ – tree ‘Yankee Point’ – groundcover Two ‘early’ Manzanita Arctostaphylos densifloraHoward McMinn‘ – shrub Arctostaphylos glauca – largeshrub CA Encelia (1) – shrub Miniature Lupine – annualConsider adding At least 1 more CA Encelia- ?? Where More Miniature Lupine –around the pruned shrubsto cover bare spots ?? Wall Flower - Erysimuminsulare Early bloomer Yellow color - ? Earlyspring is becoming yellow-blue color scheme; springsummer is pink-purple© Project SOUND© Project SOUNDTransition from Spring to Summer© Project SOUNDTransition from summer into fall
  19. 19. 5/20/201319Conclusions for summer-fallGood – better in future Still blooming Yarrow (Achillea millefolia) Buckwheats (E. cinereum; E.fasciculatum) Coming into season – fall-bloomingsunflowers Coastal Aster CA Goldenrod (Solidago californica) Sweet Scent – Pluchea odorataConsider adding ???? Any ideas© Project SOUND © Project SOUNDThe Sunflower family(Asteraceae) providesimportant food in fall Bloom in late summer/ fall Long bloom season Nectar and pollenavailable to many types ofpollinators (even ants,beetles) Lots of small flowersGoldenbushes – Hazardia & IsocomaBaccharis speciesAnother possible ‘pollinator place’ is therain garden – yes, really!© Project SOUND © Project SOUNDSalt Marsh Baccharis – Baccharis douglasii
  20. 20. 5/20/201320 Lower elevations from OR toBaja Moist places: Coastal saltmarsh, coastal salt scrub,moist places near streams to2500‘ In Coastal Sage Scrub,Northern Coastal Scrub,Redwood Forest, FoothillWoodland, Yellow Pine Forest© Project SOUNDSalt Marsh Baccharis – Baccharis douglasiihttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?609,781,783© Project SOUNDCharacteristics of Marsh Baccharis Size: 4-6 ft tall 6-8+ ft wide, spreading Growth form: Sub-shrub with part-woodystalks; evergreen with water Numerous stalks fromrhizomes; generally upright Foliage: Simple leaves – quite likeMulefat but not serrated Leaves sticky, resinous©2008 Keir Morse© Project SOUNDFlowers like Mulefat Blooms: blooms off and on inwarm weather – like Mulefat –usually June to fall. Flowers: Dioecious – separate male/female plants Flowering heads like Mule-fat, though mostly clusteredat tops of stems Very important nectarsource – summer to fall Seeds: Tiny, air-borne seeds withfluffy hairs© Project SOUNDWetland plant – buthardy once established Soils: Texture: any – sand to clay pH: any local, including alkali,salty Light: Full sun to afternoon shade Water: Winter: adequate Summer: very adaptable Pondside/bog Regular water (Zone 3) Little summer water (withp.m. shade) Fertilizer: not picky; likes leavemulch Other: consider containingMarsh Baccharis gets no water inHeritage Creek Preserve - CSUDH
  21. 21. 5/20/201321© Project SOUNDFabulous habitat plant Good pond-poolside plant – willneed to divide Attracts very wide range ofinsects (like Mulefat) Butterflies – includingAmerican Painted Lady,Buckeyes and Acmon Blue Bees & flies Many other weird & wonderfulinsects Makes an attractive pot plant Medicinal: Used as a disinfectant forwounds and sores Infusion or dried poweredfoliagehttp://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/baccharis-douglasiiLimit insecticide use – or use none at all Pesticides can kill more than thetarget pest – some kill pollinators forseveral days after the pesticide isapplied. Pesticides can also kill naturalpredators, which can lead to evenworse pest problems. Instead: Encourage native predators with adiverse garden habitat Expect and accept a little bit of pestactivity Try removing individual pests by hand ifpossible (wearing garden gloves) If you must use a pesticide, choose onethat is the least toxic to non-pestspecies© Project SOUNDUsing fewer pesticides is morelife-friendly for all species© Project SOUNDSaltmarsh Fleabane – Pluchea odoratahttp://www.kenbowles.net/SDWildflowers/FamilyIndexes/AsteraceaeDisciform/AsteraceaeDisciformKey.htm© Project SOUNDSaltmarsh Fleabane –typical for genus© 2003 BonTerra Consulting Size: 2-4 ft. tall 2-3 ft. wide Growth form: sub-shrub Woody base; ends of stems areherbaceous Upright growth habit Annual in colder climates;perennial in ours Dies back in winter Foliage: Pretty color; like Arrow-shaped leaves Roots: fibrous; good soil-bindinghttp://www.kenbowles.net/SDWildflowers/FamilyIndexes/AsteraceaeDisciform/AsteraceaeDisciformKey.htm
  22. 22. 5/20/201322© Project SOUNDSaltmarsh Fleabane does well in gardens… Soils: Texture: any local – does very well infine-textured soils (clays) pH: any local, including alkali, salty Light: Best in full sun with some water Fine with partial shade; not tooparticular Water: Winter: likes it’s water; plant in moistareas of garden, rainswale, etc. Summer: quite flexible; looks betterwith some to regular summer water(Zone 2/3 probably optimal; takes 3) Fertilizer: fine with none; organic mulcheswork well (leaf mulch)© 2003 BonTerra Consulting© Project SOUNDVersatile in the garden Excellent choice for moistplaces in garden: Stream or pond banks/edges Rain gardens/swales Areas with sprinkler drift Fine with other nativesneeding similar waterrequirements – remember,dies back in winter Showy choice for fall habitat/butterfly garden; great withyellow fall-flowering plants Does great in pots; give it anoccasional dose of fertilizeror top-dress each springhttp://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=13929http://www.sibleynaturecenter.org/daytrips/naturetrail0709/index.htmlWatch pollinators by the hour…seriously!© Project SOUNDLack room and/or water? Try a ‘wetland ina pot’ for a touch of wetland Guilt-free – saves space &water Can contain 1 plant or several –depending on size of container Choose a pretty container;locate in at least part-sun Requires some yearlymaintenance – dividing plants See May posting – MotherNature’s Backyard blog formore© Project SOUNDA ‘wetland in a pot’ serves severalfunctions when you include pollinatorplants like Marsh Baccharis
  23. 23. 5/20/201323Idea for small gardens: tuck small pollinatorplants into pots and around shrubs© Project SOUNDWestern Yarrow – Achilla millefoliaJ.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS DatabaseWestern Yarrow: the ultimate ‘tuck-in’ plant! Slopes, hillsides Mixtures Good garden plant for fresh or dryfloral arrangements Foliage is pleasantly fragrant whencrushed; medicinal Can be mowed to form a highlycompetitive ground cover tocontrol soil erosion. Flowers!!! Good butterfly/pollinator plant –one of the best in Mother Nature’sBackyardJ.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUNDCliff Aster – Malacothrix saxatilis
  24. 24. 5/20/201324© Project SOUNDCliff Aster – Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia Local distribution: common in the Transverse Ranges(Santa Monica, San Gabriel,and San Bernardino mountains) coastal areas in Los Angeles toSan Diego counties on Santa Catalina Island Found in several habitats: Coastal strand/coastal shrub Canyons, coastal-sage scrub Chaparralhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Malacothrix+saxatilis+var.+tenuifoliavar. tenuifolia© Project SOUNDCliff Asters areversatile locals Herbaceous perennial Size: 3-5 ft tall & wide Open growth habit; sortof ‘unfurls’ as it blooms Lacy leaves – mostly basal Summer dormant with nowater Long bloom period: Mar-Dec. in good years Often many blooms; quiteshowyhttp://www.newportbay.org/plants/cliffaster.html© Project SOUNDWonderful with itsnatural partners Welcome spot of white againstdarker foliage in a mixed bed On slopes, cliffs, hillsides Natural partners (mostlyZone 1/2): Salvia mellifera & leucophylla Diplacus aurantiacus Quercus agrifolia Native clovers Many spring-blooming annualwildflowers Charming plant – should beused more in local gardensTuck-in plants: Annual wildflowers areenjoyed by all in Mother Nature’s Backyard© Project SOUND
  25. 25. 5/20/201325© Project SOUNDProviding homes for native pollinators Native bees don’t build the wax orpaper structures we associate withhoney bees or wasps, but they do needplaces to nest, which vary dependingon the species. Wood-nesting bees are solitary, oftenmaking individual nests in beetle tunnels instanding dead trees. Ground-nesting bees include solitaryspecies that construct nest tunnels underthe ground. Cavity-nesting social species—bumblebees—make use of small spaces, such asabandoned rodent burrows, wherever theycan find them.Learn about how youcan construct orpromote nativepollinator homes inyour garden© Project SOUNDIsland Buckwheat – Eriogonum grande© Project SOUNDIsland Buckwheat – Eriogonum grande Channel Island endemic: var. grande (Island Buckwheat) Channel Islands; Santa Cruz,Anacapa, Santa Catalina, SanClemente Islands Bluffs and cliffs, coastal sagescrub and chaparral var. rubescens (Red Buckwheat;San Miguel Island Buckwheat ) n Channel Islands; San Miguel,Santa Cruz, and Santa Rosaislands Cliffs and bluffs, coastalgrassland and scrub communitieshttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?5936,5994,6063,6064var. rubescensvar. grande© Project SOUNDSpecial features of Red Buckwheat Size: 1-2 ft tall 3-4 ft wide Growth form: Low-growing mounded form Spreads slowly Foliage: Attractive bright to gray-green withwooly white backs Medium-large ‘Buckwheat leaves’ Flowers: On stalks 2-3 ft tall Color range from light to dark pink One of the showiest CA nativebuckwheatshttp://www.soquelnursery.com/shrubs_correa_fuchsia.html
  26. 26. 5/20/201326© Project SOUNDGarden uses for RedBuckwheat Super as a pot plant Lovely massed as a groundcover Makes a pretty smaller borderplant For a ‘silver’ (moonlight) garden In any sort of habitat garden As an unusual accent plant In narrow beds & planters Nice with dudleyas, purple sage,yarrow, sedumsDiversity of plants/flowers: food for adultsand juveniles of a range of pollinators© Project SOUND© Paul Mirocha 2004© Project SOUNDMoths are important pollinators in western U.S. More prevalent in the Southwest than in otherregions due to warm evenings, hot daytimes,favorable climate Moths visit flowers in search of nutritiousrewards, usually nectar, and transfer pollen as aconsequence of their contact with floralstructures. Some night-blooming plant species, especially indesert grasslands and dune areas, appear to bespecialized for moth pollination However, most moth-pollinated plants employalternative reproductive strategies. These includeself-pollination, recruiting other (diurnal, or day-active) pollinators, or simply waiting for the nextflowering season. Moth pollination is a risky proposition, and moth-flower mutualisms are not very exclusive.© Project SOUNDCharacteristics of flowers that attract largedusk-to-dawn flying moths Night-blooming Large size – often > 1 inch Light color – often white,but may be light yellow orpink Tubular shape – those thatattract the large moths Sweetly scented – may beoverpoweringly so
  27. 27. 5/20/201327© Project SOUNDHookers Evening Primrose – Oenothera elata© Project SOUNDFlowers are fantastic Blooms: Long summer bloom season;sequential blooms Usually July/Aug to Sept/Octwestern L.A. county Flowers: Good sized; ~ 1 inch diameter Lemon yellow; iridescent Really showy against green leaves Seeds: Bulky pods; split lengthwise Many tiny seeds Re-seeds very well, esp. in sandysoils. Usually not a problem topull up unwanted plant in spring© Project SOUNDGarden uses forHooker’s primrose As a summer perennial in the mixedbed – nice w/ purple accents. Valuable addition to the habitatgarden: Nectar: moths, butterflies,hummingbirds, other pollinators(large bees) Finches and other seed eaters lovethe seeds In a dry garden In the vegetable garden: Root - boiled and eaten like parsnip. Young shoots - raw or cooked Young pods – cooked vegetable© Project SOUNDCalifornia Primrose – Oenothera californica© 2005 Brent Miller
  28. 28. 5/20/201328© Project SOUNDCalifornia Primrose – Oenothera californica Coastal, Sierra, Transverseand desert mountain rangesof CA to Baja – locally in SanGabriels In foothills (mostly) Sandy or gravelly areas,dunes, desert scrub topinyon/juniper or ponderosa-pine woodlands Same genus as Hooker’sEvening Primrosehttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Oenothera+californica© Project SOUNDFlowers are the reason toplant native primroses Blooms: In spring - usually Apr-May inour area Flowers open over long period –individual flowers short-lived Flowers: White, becoming more pink Fairly large (2 inch) anddefinitely showy Sweet, slightly musky fragrance Seeds: many tiny seeds in a capsule Vegetative reproduction:sprouting from roots© 2003 Lynn Watsonhttp://botany.si.edu/onagraceae/taxalist.cfm?genus=Oenothera© Project SOUNDEvening Primrose has a specific cast ofpollinators who work at dusk or dawn Hawkmoths (White-lined sphinxmoth - Hyles ) Bees (specifically Lasioglossum,Centris, Xylocopa, Andrena)Hawk moth/White-linedSphinx Moth (Hyles lineata)SweatbeeLasioglossum oenotheraeOil-collecting BeeCentris speciesCarpenter BeeXylocopa spp.© Project SOUNDCare and management: plant & ignore Soils: Texture: sandy/rocky best pH: any local to 8.5 (alkali) Light: Full sun – coastal Part-shade/morning sun inland Water: Winter: good winter rains Summer: drought tolerant buttakes anything from 2 to 3; bestto let dry out in late summer/fall Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils Other: cut back as needed in fall.http://botany.si.edu/onagraceae/taxalist.cfm?genus=Oenothera
  29. 29. 5/20/201329© Project SOUNDNative primrosesin the garden Best planted with nativegrasses, perennials, annualwildflowers Excellent choice forwater-wise parking strip Lovely in pots on a sunnydeck Tucked in around otherplants – a ‘filler plant’ Attract a wild assortmentof insectshttp://botany.si.edu/onagraceae/taxalist.cfm?genus=OenotheraIn summary: you can turn your garden into apollinator haven (and make a difference)© Project SOUNDMake your garden water-wise and Life-friendly Plant the right plants toattract and nourish nativepollinators Provide places for pollinatorsto hide and raise their young Provide a source of water –can be as simple as patch ofmoist earth or a saucer withstones Use pesticides sparingly Respect the pollinators andthe services they provide© Project SOUND‘The growing concern for pollinators is a signof progress, but it is vital that we continue tomaximize our collective effort.’ Do something to make yourgarden more pollinator-friendly Celebrate National PollinatorWeek – check for local events(Gardena Willows) Learn more about a pollinatorthat interests you Take photos of pollinators inyour garden – they’re fascinating!© Project SOUNDhttp://textileranger.com/2012/08/11/pollinator-quilt/
  30. 30. 5/20/201330Xerces Society Nonprofit organization that protectswildlife through the conservation ofinvertebrates and their habitat. Information, books, programs forschools, home gardens, etc.© Project SOUNDhttp://www.xerces.org/bringbackthepollinators/http://www.dadant.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=1392Other resources on pollinators UC Berkeley Urban Bee Gardens Site -http://nature.berkeley.edu/urbanbeegardens/ Pollinator Partnership -http://www.pollinator.org/pollination.htm U.S. Fish & Wildlife – Pollinators Pagehttp://www.fws.gov/pollinators/ USDA Insects & Pollinators page -http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/plantsanimals/pollinate/© Project SOUNDhttp://resonatingbodies.wordpress.com/resources/recommended-books-downloadable-files-links/Past ‘Out of the Wilds’ talks – links onNative Plants at CSUDH blog Butterfly Garden talks – Most July talks Moth Pollinators – July, 2010 Bee pollinators – July 2011 Fly pollinators – July 2012 Hummingbirds – May, 2009© Project SOUNDTake the message to your friends andneighbors Talk to others – includingchildren – aboutpollinators Encourage your neighborsto plants pollinator-friendly plants Turn your neighborhoodinto ‘Pollinator Heaven’© Project SOUNDhttp://eastcountymagazine.org/images/logo-guidelines.jpg

×