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Jellies&sweet sauces 4-14

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Jellies&sweet sauces 4-14

  1. 1. 1 CA Native Plants for Western L.A. County – Plants with Fruits Used for Jellies, Syrups and Sweet/Tart Sauces I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs X * Arbutus menziesii Madrone 50-100+ t 25-50 ft w White/Sp PS when young Most local 1-2 8, 11, 13, 14, 24, 32 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X * Arctostaphylos glauca Big-berry Manzanita 7-10 ft tall & wide White/ Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12-14 20, 24 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce ** Arctostaphylos manzanita ‘Dr Hurd’ ‘Dr. Hurd’ Manzanita To 15 ft t 10 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X * Celtis reticulata (Celtis laevigata var. reticulate) Netleaf hackberry 10-30 ft t 20-30 ft w Yellow- green/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 5, 8, 10, 16, 19, 30, 31, 45 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X * Crataegus douglasii Black/Douglas’ hawthorne 20-30 ft t 15-20 ft w White/Sp PS Well- drained 2 to 3 8, 13 Wonderful for jelly/syrup X Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon 6-10 ft + 4-6 ft w White/Su FS/PS/FSH Any well- drained 1-2 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 RIPE berries cooked or baked with sugar for sauce X * Holodiscus discolor Creambush; Ocean Spray 10-20 ft tall White/Su-Fa FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14 Fragrant at a distance; berries for jelly X * Prunus virginiana var. demissa Western Chokecherry 6-25 ft tall 6-15 ft w Cream/Sp FS/PS Any 2 to 2-3 6, 13 fruits for jelly, bird habitat X Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia & lyonii Holly-leaf and Catalina Island Cherries < 50 ft White/Su PS any 1-2 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Makes nice sweet jelly or sauce X Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea Blue (Mexican) Elderberry 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible berries; nice jelly, sauce, wine Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges; most can also be pruned up into small trees) X * Amelanchier alnifolia Western Serviceberry 8-15 ft tall 6-12 ft w White/Sp FS/PS Any; well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 6, 8, 10, 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce
  2. 2. 2 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes ** Arctostaphylos bakeri ssp. bakeri 'Louis Edmunds' ‘Louis Edmunds’ (Sepentine) Manzanita 5-8 ft tall 8 ft wide Pink/Sp FS Clay fine 1-2 to 2 6, 13, 24 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X Arctostaphylos catalinae Catalina Manzanita 6-18 ft tall 5-8 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13, 14 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce ** Arctostaphylos densiflora ‘Howard McMinn’ ‘Howard McMinn’ (Vine Hill) Manzanita 4-6 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13, 14 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos densiflora 'Sentinel' ‘Sentinel’ (Vine Hill) Manzanita 5-8 ft tall 3-7 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained incl sand 1-2 6, 8, 13, Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos densiflora x bakeri 'Baby Bear' & 'Mama Bear' ‘Baby Bear’ & ‘Mama Bear’ Manzanitas 5-8 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 6 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos 'Austin Griffith' ‘Austin Griffith’ Manzanita 6-10 ft tall 4-8 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Sandy best 1-2 to 2 6, 13, Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X * Berberis (Mahonia) fremontii Fremont’s barberry 6-10 ft t 5-10 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X Mahonia (Berberis) nevinii Nevin’s Barberry 3-8+ ft tall 6-12 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 Berries make nice sauce/jelly or boil in soup X Ribes aureum var. gracillimum Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/ W-Sp FS/PS/ FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 7, 12, 14 Don’t store in metal container – creates toxin X * Shepherdia argentea Silver buffaloberry 6-15 ft t 6-19 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Most 2 to 2-3 8, 11, 13, 14, 28, 42 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs X * Arctostaphylos edmundsii Little Sur Manzanita 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS/PS well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X * Arctostaphylos hookeri Hooker’s Manzanita 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce * Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. tomentosa Wooly-leaf Manzanita 3-8 ft tall 4-5 ft wide White/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium Oregon Grape < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Berries for sauce/jelly or boil in soup
  3. 3. 3 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes * Lonicera involucrata Twinberry 4-6 ft tall to 10 ft w Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 to 3 7, 18 Berries for sauces X * Prunus fasciculata Desert almond 3-6+ ft tall & wide Yellow/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 6, 10, 16 Peach-like fruit for jelly/sauces X Rhus trilobata Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush 2-6 ft Yellow- green/Sp PS any 1-2 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X Ribes californicum var. hesperium Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red-white/ W-Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X Ribes indecorum White Currant To 6 ft White/W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 12, 14 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X Ribes malvaceum Chaparral Currant 5-8 ft Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 3, 13, 14, 19 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X Ribes speciosum Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ W-Sp FS/PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 12- 14, 19 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum Red-flowering Currant 4-10 ft Pink/Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X Rosa californica California Wild Rose 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS/FSH any 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Ripe hips make sweet jelly/sauce X * Rosa woodsii Interior/Wood’s Rose 4-6 ft tall spreading Pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS/FSH any 1-2; 3 (sun) 8, 11, 13 Best rosehips for cooking, tea X * Rubus leucodermis Whitebark (Blackcap) raspberry 3-5 ft tall 3-9 ft w White/Sp-Su FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 13, 62 Excellent berries; raw or cooked X Rubus ursinus (ssp. ?) Pacific Blackberry 2-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 7, 12, 13, 14 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce Perennial Vines X Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans Western Honeysuckle 5-18 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS/FSH clay 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 For sauces X * Lonicera involucrata Twinberry 3-5 ft Yellow/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 7, 13, 19 For sauces X Lonicera subspicata var. denudate & subspicata Santa Barbara & Southern Honeysuckles 3-8 ft Cream/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Edible fruit X ** Vitis californica ‘Roger’s Red’ ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape > 20 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Great jellies, sauces, wime
  4. 4. 4 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Vitis girdiana Desert Grape > 25 ft White/Su PS any 2-3 2, 3, 10, 13, 20 Great jellies, sauces, wime Perennial Groundcover Plants X * Arctostaphylos edmundsii (incl. ‘Parvifolia’ & ‘Little Sur’) Little Sur Manzanita 1-3 ft tall 6-20 ft wide Pink/W-Sp PS best Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 16 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Bert Johnson’ Bert Johnson Manzanita < 1 ft tall 6 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 19 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Big Sur’ Big Sur Manzanita < 4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide White/W-Sp FS/PS Any; sandy ok 1-2 to 2-3 19, Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Carmel Sur’ Carmel Sur Manzanita 1 ft tall to 20 ft w Pink/Sp FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 3, 6, 13, 19 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Danville’ Danville Manzanita 1-2 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Pink/W FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 6, Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Sandsprite’ Sandsprite Manzanita Pink/W FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 8, 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce * Arctostaphylos glandulosa var. adamsii Laguna Manzanita 3-5 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp PS best Well- drained 1-2 3, 8, 14 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce * Arctostaphylos glandulosa var. crassiflia Del Mar Manzanita 2-8 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp PS best Most soils 1-2 14 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce ** Arctostaphylos hookeri ‘Monterey Carpet’ Monterey Carpet Manzanita 1 ft high 5+ ft wide White/Sp PS Sandy best 1-2 1, 3, 6, 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce * Arctostaphylos pumila Dune Manzanita 2-4 ft tall 3-6 ft wide White/ Sp FS/PS sandy 1 to 1-2 8 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X * Arctostaphylos uva- ursi Bearberry; Kinnickinnick 1 ft tall spreading Pink/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 1, Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos uva- ursi ‘Pacific Mist’ Pacific Mist Manzanita 1 ft tall 6-8 ft wide White/Sp FS/PS sandy 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos uva- ursi ‘Point Reyes’ Point Reyes Manzanita <1 ft tall to 10 ft Pink/Sp PS Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13, 16, 19 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X ** Arctostaphylos uva- ursi ‘Radiant’ Radiant Manzanita <1 ft tall 8-10 ft w Pink/W-Sp PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13, 19 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce ** Arctostaphylos ’Emerald Carpet’ Emerald Carpet Manzanita < 1 ft tall 3-6 ft wide White/W-Sp FS/PS Rich, sl. acid 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce
  5. 5. 5 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes ** Arctostaphylos ‘Wood’s Compact’ Wood’s Compact Manzanita < 1 ft tall to 6 ft w. Pink/Sp PS Needs rich soil 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce ** Arctostaphylos ‘John Dourley’ John Dourly Manzanita 2-3 ft tall to 8 ft wide Pink/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 6, 8, 9, 11, 16, 19 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce X * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium var. repens Creeping Oregon Grape 1 ft tall < 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Berries: sauce/jelly ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Berries make nice sauce/jelly or boil in soup X * Fragaria chiloensis ssp. pacifica (and cultivars) (Pacific) Coast Strawberry < 1 ft spreading White/Sp-Su PS Sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Let dry between waterings; edible fruit * Fragaria vesca (californica) CA/Wood Strawberry < 2 ft spreading White/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 1, 13, 20 Edible fruit Cacti and Succulents X Opuntia littoralis Coastal Prickly Pear To 3 ft Yellow/W-Sp FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 Fruits for jelly, sauce Opuntia oricola Chaparral Prickly Pear 6-8 ft tall spreading Yellow-Or/ Sp FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1 Fruits for jelly, sauce 3/6/2016 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :(http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants17.html) or at the Madrona Marsh Nature Center * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ** horticultural cultivar ++ light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade + Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html This list available at:

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