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Herbs&spices 3-11

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Herbs&spices 3-11

  1. 1. CA Native Plants for Western L.A. County – Spices, Seasoning Herbs and Condiments I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season To 50 ft t 30-50 ft w Yellow/W-Sp Light** Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs Umbellularia californica CA Bay FS coast Ps inland Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) Soil Any except alkali Water Zone+ 2 Availability Notes 3, 6, 8, 14 Leaves used as seasoning 1, 2, 16 Maintain size through pruning X Atriplex lentiformis ssp. breweri Coast Quailbush/ Big Saltbush To 8 ft tall To 20 ft w Green/Su FS Any incl. alkali, salty 1-2 X Cleome isomeris (Isomeris arborea) Bladderpod 2-6+ ft Yellow/ Sp + FS Welldrained 1 X Lycium californicum California Boxthorn 4-12 ft tall 4-10 ft w Wht-purple/ Sp-Su FS/PS Sandy/ rocky best 1 to 1-2 1, 6, 13, 14 X Lycium hassei Catalina Boxthorn To 8 ft To 10 ft White/ FS ?sandy 1 to 1-2 1 Nevin’s Barberry 3-8+ ft tall 6-12 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 Jojoba 5-12 ft tall & wide Yellow/Sp FS Welldrained 1-2 1, 8, 14, 16, 20 Roast, grind nuts; use as flavoring Gold/Su FS Welldrained 1 1, 7-10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18 'Canyon Gray'; use sparingly as seasoning herb; good for flavored vinegars Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 FS Welldrained 1 1, 3, 5, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 FS Welldrained 1 1, 6, 8, 14, 19 X Mahonia (Berberis) nevinii X * Simmondsia chinensis 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 16 Unusual scent; spicy seedpod & seeds Sea-bluffs; make tomatolike sauce from RIPE berries Long dormant season; make tomato- like sauce from RIPE berries Berries make nice sauce/jelly or boil in soup Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs X Artemisia californica X * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium Coastal Sagebrush 3-6 ft tall Oregon Grape < 6 ft X Salvia apiana White Sage 3-5 ft X * Salvia brandegeei Santa Rosa Island Sage To 3-4 ft; often sprawling White/ Sp-Su Pale lavender/ Sp-Su Berries make nice sauce/jelly or boil in soup Seed used for flavoring Dark-green foliage 1
  2. 2. I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Cultivars: ‘Betsy Clebsch’, ‘Compacta’, ‘Winifred Gilman’, Silver-white foliage; fragrant Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 2-5 ft Purple/lav. Sp-Su FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 ‘Vicki Romo’ Sage 3-4 ft tall & wide Lavender/Sp FS Most 1-2 to 2 6, 8 Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 2-4 ft tall & wide Light blue/ Sp-Su FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 13, 14 Silvery foliage; prune back by 1/3 in fall X Salvia leucophylla Purple Sage 3- 5 ft Lavender/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16,18, 19 Nice scent X Salvia mellifera Black Sage 3-5 ft Light purple/Sp FS Welldrained 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 Leaf used for seasoning San Diego Sage 2-3 ft tall 3-4 ft w FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 14, 16, 17 ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape > 20 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Desert Grape > 25 ft White/Su PS any 2-3 X * Salvia clevelandii ** Salvia apiana X S. clevelandii ‘Vicki Romo’ ** Salvia clevelandii X X S. leucophylla ‘Allen Chickering’ * Salvia munzii Blue/Su Perennial Vines X ** Vitis californica ‘Roger’s Red’ X Vitis girdiana 2, 3, 10, 13, 20 Fragrant like Black Sage; ‘Baja Blue’, ‘Emerald Cascade’ Use leaves for stuffed grape leaves Use leaves for stuffed grape leaves Perennial Groundcover Plants * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium var. repens Creeping Oregon Grape 1 ft tall < 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ X ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 White/Spr PS/PS/ FSH * Heuchera maxima X (incl. many cultivars & hybrids) X * Heuchera micrantha Island Alumroot Crevice Alumroot 1- 3 ft 1-3 ft Pink/Spr PS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 Welldrained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 1, 3, 8 Berries make nice sauce/jelly or boil in soup Berries make nice sauce/jelly or boil in soup Small amount of leaves can flavor soups Small amount of leaves can flavor soups 2
  3. 3. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season ** Salvia mellifera ‘Tera Seca’ Tera Seca (Prostrate Black) Sage 2 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Light purple/Spr FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 ** Salvia mellifera ‘Green Carpet’ Green Carpet Sage 1-2 ft tall 8 ft wide Light blue/ Spr-Su FS Welldrained 1-2 1, 13, 19 ** Salvia munzii ‘Emerald Cascade’ Emerald Cascade Sage 2-3 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Light blue/ FS Welldrained 1-2 1, 8, 11, 13 X Artemisia dracunculus California Tarragon; 1-3 ft tall 2-3 ft w White/F FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 10, 16 X * Linum lewisii Blue Flax 1-3 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Blue/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 CA Bee Plant 2-3 ft Red/Spr 2-3 to 3 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16 I X Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability 1, 3, 8, 13, 16 Notes Dense; small amounts used for flavoring Small amounts used for flavoring Evergreen; sm. amounts used for flavoring Herbaceous Perennials X Scrophularia californica ssp. floribunda PS Afternn. shade Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) Atriplex argentea ssp. expansa – no water after flowering Tol. alkali soils; leaves used for seasoning 2 Aromatic seeds, parched 1 to 1-2 2, 16, Aromatic seeds, parched 1 to 1-2 10, 16 1-3 ft tall & wide Yellowgreen/ Su FS Welldrained Southern Tarplant 2-4 ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS any 1 Smooth Tarplant 1-4 ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS any Slender Tarweed 1-3 ft tall Gold-yellow/ Su-F FS any Descurainia pinnata Tansy Mustard 1-3 ft tall Yellow/Sp FS Welldrained Lepidium nitidum Shining Peppergrass 1 ft tall & wide White/ X Salvia columbariae var. columbariae Chia Sage 1-2 ft Blue-purple/ Sp Beach Spectaclepod 1-2 ft tall & wide White/Sp X Thysanocarpus curvipes 1-2 1-2 ? Any 2-3 to 3 10 FS Sandy or rocky 1 to 1-2 5, 10, 13, 16 FS Sand to clay FS/PS dried leaves for seasoning 10 Silverscale Saltbush Centromadia X (Hemizonia) parryi ssp. australis Centromadia (Hemizonia) pungens Deinandra (Hemizonia) X fasciculata Leaves, seeds as flavoring in soups, etc. Parched seeds have a pleasant flavor 2 to 2-3 2, 13 Aromatic seeds, parched Seeds parched, ground; peppery taste edible Parched seeds; distinctive flavor Seeds parched, ground; peppery taste 3
  4. 4. Common Name Size Flower/ season X Allium haematochiton Red-skin Onion 1-1 ½ ft White-pink/ Sp X Allium praecox Early Onion 1-1 ½ ft Whitepurple/Sp I Scientific Name Bulbs and Corms Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes All parts used as onions Difficult; All parts used as onions 3/6/2011 FS/PS Welldrained 1 1, 8, 10, 13, 16 PS Welldrained 1 1, 10, 16 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :(http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants.html) or at the Madrona Marsh Nature Center * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ++ + ** horticultural cultivar light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html 4

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